Footnotes  
a    2017
b    Pretoria is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the judiciary capital.
c    2019
d    2018
e    Estimate.
f    Calculated by the UN Statistics Division from national indices.
g    Urban areas.
h    2016
i    Imports FOB.
j    Data refers to a 5-year period preceding the reference year.
k    Including refugees.
l    Data as at the end of December.
m    All data relate to end of 2018.
n    Data refer to fiscal years beginning 1 April.
o    2014
p    Data are as at 1 January of reporting year.
q    Break in the time series.
r    Excluding transit.