Footnotes  
a    2017
b    Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data.
c    2019
d    UN operational exchange rate.
e    2018
f    Including taxes less subsidies on production and imports.
g    Estimate.
h    2016
i    Data refers to a 5-year period preceding the reference year.
j    Refers to foreign citizens.
k    Including refugees.
l    Data as at the end of December.
m    Refugee figure for Iraqis was a government estimate and UNHCR has registered and was assisting 13,800 Iraqis at mid-2019. Figure for stateless persons was an estimate.
n    2012
o    2014
p    2009
q    2013
r    Data are as at 1 January of reporting year.
s    Including Iraqi nationals.
t    Including nationals residing abroad.
u    2011
v    2007