Footnotes  
a    2017
b    Refers to the metropolitan area of Panama City.
c    2019
d    2018
e    Estimate.
f    Urban areas.
g    2016
h    From 2004 to 2011 merchandise data including Zona Libre de Colon.
i    Data refers to a 5-year period preceding the reference year.
j    Data as at the end of December.
k    2013
l    2008
m    2011
n    Data are as at 1 January of reporting year.
o    Multipliers were applied to residential and commercial subscriptions, taking into account the average size of households and employees per business.
p    Population aged 10 years and over.