Footnotes  
a    2017
b    Refers to the municipality.
c    2019
d    2018
e    Estimate.
f    Index base: 2014/2015=100.
g    2016
h    Merchandise trade data up to 2009 reported by fiscal year and beginning 2010 reported by calendar year.
i    Areas not elsewhere specified.
j    Data refers to a 5-year period preceding the reference year.
k    Including refugees.
l    Data as at the end of December.
m    Various studies estimate that a large number of individuals lack citizenship certificates in Nepal. While these individuals are not all necessarily stateless, UNHCR has been working closely with the Government of Nepal and partners to address this situation.
n    Data refer to fiscal years ending 15 July.
o    2013
p    2014
q    Data are as at 1 January of reporting year.
r    Based on R&D budget instead of R&D expenditure.
s    Break in the time series.
t    Including arrivals from India.