a    Projected estimate (medium fertility variant).
b    2019
c    Refers to the metropolitan area of Panama City.
d    2020
e    Estimate.
f    Urban areas.
g    From 2004 to 2011 merchandise data including Zona Libre de Colon.
h    Data refers to a 5-year period preceding the reference year.
i    Including refugees.
j    Data as at the end of December.
k    2018
l    2008
m    2011
n    2017
o    Data are as at 1 January of reporting year.
p    Multipliers were applied to residential and commercial subscriptions, taking into account the average size of households and employees per business.