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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Northern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 1002000  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 93384  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 93.8  
Capital city 2015 Cairo  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 18772  
Currency 2015 Egyptian Pound (EGP)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 282242  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 214630  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 94456  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 5.1  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 4.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 3150.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2616.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1260.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 14.5 At factor cost.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 14.0 At factor cost.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 14.4 At factor cost.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 40.0 At factor cost.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 37.5 At factor cost.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 36.9 At factor cost.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 45.6 At factor cost.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 48.5 At factor cost.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 48.8 At factor cost.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 28.0 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 28.2 Break in the time series. Civilians only.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 30.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 15 to 64 years.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 24.1 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 25.3 Break in the time series. Civilians only.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 21.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 15 to 64 years.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 47.9 Break in the time series. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 46.3 Break in the time series. Civilians only.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 47.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 15 to 64 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 13.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 22.6/75.9 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 22.7/75.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 20.5/75.3 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 329  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 232 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 118 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 120 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -5972  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -4504  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 2103  
Exports (million US$) 2015 21967.3  
Imports (million US$) 2015 74361.3  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -52394.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Saudi Arabia (9.2), Italy (7.4), Turkey (5.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (13.1), Germany (7.8), United States (5.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Urban population (%) 2015 43.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 73.1/68.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 62  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 491.6/0.5 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 9628  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 256384  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.6  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 103.8/104.1  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 85.9/86.3  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 29.9/33.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 3.2 2011.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 14.9  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 114.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 31.7 Population age 6+.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 9.0  
Threatened species 2015 141  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 0.1 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 213012/2.4  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3445  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 39.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 9.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/99.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 96.8/93.1  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 1.3  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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