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Glossaries (6)


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Balance of payments

Current account (balance of payments)

Unit value index

Balance of primary incomes

Balance sheet

Balancing item

Current external balance

Current transfers - payments of compensation

Due-for-payment recording

External balance of goods and services

Import duties

Import subsidies

Imports of goods and services

Payments by households to obtain certain licences

Payments in kind other than remuneration in kind

Payments of compensation

Profits of import monopolies

Taxes and duties on imports

Taxes on production and imports

Analytical unit (2 definitions)

Government units

Homogeneous production unit

Institutional unit (2 definitions)

Intra-unit transactions

Kind-of-activity unit

Local unit

Balance equation

Gross value added

Gross value added at basic prices

Gross value added at producers' prices

Net value added

Net value of a fixed asset

Uses of value added quadrant


Value added - gross

Value added - net

Value added tax (VAT)

Written-down (net) value of a fixed asset

Unit value

Catch per unit of effort (CPUE)

Ecological Balance

Energy Balances

Existence Value

Materials and Energy Balances

Net present value

pH Value

Stumpage Value

Observation pre-break value

Observation value

Permissible value

Permitted value

Pre-break value

True value

Value domain

Value item

Value meaning

Classification unit

Observation unit

Out-of-scope units

Reporting unit

Statistical unit

Unit multiplier

Unit non-response

Unit of measure

Unit response rate

Exports of goods and services

Exports of goods

GDP - expenditure based

Gross domestic product - expenditure based

Gross domestic product (GDP)

C.i.f. price

Monetary transactions

GDP at market prices

Gross domestic product at market prices

Net national income

GNI (gross national income)

Gross national income (GNI)

Existing good

Changes in inventories


Aggregates of the SNA

F.o.b. price

Nominal interest

Disposable income

Cash transfer

Ecological Equilibrium


Cash accounting

GDP - income based

Gross domestic product - income based

Non-monetary gold


Imputation (2 definitions)

Apparent Consumption

Adjustment for the change in the net equity of households in pension fund reserves

Secondary distribution of income account

Taxes on capital transfers


Net lending


Economic flows

Flows - economic

Net worth

Evaluation of a civil registration system (or a vital statistics system)


Forward contract

Contingent assets




Soil Sealing

Trading gains and losses

Opportunity cost (2 definitions)

Capital levies

Gross capital formation

National income


Car registration taxes

Changes in inventories (including work-in-progress)

Currency and deposits

Deposit money corporations

Inventories - changes in (including work-in-progress)

Letters of credit

Margins (financial)

Remuneration in kind

Social contributions

Wages and salaries in cash

Financial claims


Debt defeasance

Other changes in assets account

Particulate Loadings

Population Density

Production account

Radiation Absorbed Dose (RAD)

Taxon (plural taxa)


Date of birth

Probability sample (2 definitions)

Sampling frame

Uncompensated seizures

Adjusted disposable income

Gross adjusted disposable income

Net adjusted disposable income

Other changes in the volume of assets account

GDP by types of expenditure

Miscellaneous current transfers

Capital taxes

National accounts

Total final consumption

Bonds and debentures

Distribution and use of income accounts

Forward rate agreements (FRAs)

Interest rate swaps

Partitioning (transactions)

Swap - interest rate

Taxes paid to obtain business and professional licences

Observation status


Statistical error

Transfer price

Zero-coupon bonds

Data element

Genetic Resources


Natural Patrimony

Neutral Soil

Statistical measure

Statistical variable

Ambient Concentration

Decibel (dB)


Dust Burden

Environmental taxes

Flux (in nuclear science)

Ground-level Pollution

Intensive Agriculture

Marginal Settlements

Market Valuation

Principal activity

Rest of the world

Roentgen Equivalent Man (REM)

Tax on a product

Data type

Error of estimation

Purchased goodwill

Redistribution of income in kind account

Rents on subsoil assets

Social assistance benefits


Actual final consumption of households


Economic assets

Energy Conversion Factors

Goods and services account

Gross fixed capital formation

Household actual final consumption

Other subsidies on products

SNA (System of National Accounts)


Subsidies on products - other

Supply and use tables

System of National Accounts (SNA)

Taxes on products


Financial intermediaries

Insurance corporations

Local government



Item response rate

Refusal rate

Response rate


Actual individual consumption

Consumption of fixed capital

Factor cost

Financial intermediation services indirectly measured (FISIM)

FISIM (financial intermediation services indirectly measured)

GDP - output based

Gross domestic product - output based

Income from abroad - net

Income in kind received by employees

Laspeyres price index

Laspeyres volume index

Net income from abroad

Net recordings

Nominal holding gain (by non-residents)

Other equities (and shares)

Paasche price index

Paasche volume index

Real holding gains/losses (non-residents)

Real interest

Shares and other equities

Tör nqvist price index

Tör nqvist volume index

Administrative data




Sample size

Statistical information

Terminological entry


Foreign assets

Key structure

Classification version

Code list

Discounting (of natural assets)

Environmental Indicator

Environmentally Adjusted Net Domestic Product (EDP)

Estimate (2 definitions)


Measurement error

National Estate


Pre-break observation

Access rights


Environmental Costs

Equivalent Factors

Fishing effort

Gross national disposable income

National disposable income

Net national disposable income



Cross-currency interest rate swaps

Currency swaps

Deep-discount bonds

Employers' social contributions

Index linked securities

Market non-profit institutions serving businesses

Miscellaneous current taxes

Non-life insurance claims


Reserve assets

Swaps - cross-currency interest rate

Taxes on capital gains

Taxes on pollution

Taxes on specific services

Transferable deposits

Underground economy

Accumulation accounts


Actual final consumption of general government

Antiques and other art objects

Coefficient table


Current transfers - fines and penalties

Current transfers from/to abroad

Foreign controlled corporations (non-financial and financial)

Institutional sectors

International investment position

Inverse table - Leontief


Leontief inverse table

National private corporations (non-financial and financial)

Nominal holding gain

Non-monetary transactions


Other flows

Primary incomes

Private funded social insurance benefits

Repayable margins


Sectors (or “institutional sectors”)

Single indicator method of deflation

Symmetric tables

Total economy



Conservation of Mass

Current transfers within general government

Internal transactions


Legal entities


Rerouting (transactions)

State government

Subsidy on a product


Unincorporated enterprise

Aggregated data

Coverage ratio



Institutional sector

Non-probability sample



Allocation of primary income account

Basic price

Chain index


Data analysis

Data revision

Deposits - other

Financial assets

Financial transactions



Other deposits

Other intangible fixed assets

PPP (purchasing power parity)

Principal party (to a transaction)

Purchasing power parity (PPP)

Ratio estimation

Repurchase agreements

Secondary activity

Sibling group

Social security funds

Social transfers in kind


Trend (2 definitions)

Biodiversity Indices


Capital consumption

Depletion (in natural resource accounting)

Depletion Costs

Energy Valuation

Environmental Assets

Externalization of environmental protection cost


Human Development

Maintenance (Cost) Valuation (environmental accounting)

Measure of Economic Welfare (MEW)

Net Price

Valuation of Natural Assets

Accrual accounting


Advanced Treatment Technology (waste water)


Ancillary activity

Biological Treatment Technology

Capital stock - gross

Capital stock - net

Constant prices

Consumer durables

Cultivated natural assets

Current cost accounting

Current taxes on net wealth

Depletion of natural economic assets

Distributive transactions

Double deflation

Employers' imputed social contributions


Existing fixed asset

Expenditures on goods and services produced on own account

Factor reversal test

Financial derivatives

Fixed asset - existing

Flows in real terms

Gross capital stock

Historic cost accounting

Imputed expenditure

Imputed social contributions

Informal Settlements

Insurance technical reserves

Intermediate consumption

Internalization of environmental cost

Mechanical Treatment Technology

Mineral exploration

Net capital stock

Neutral holding gain

Neutral holding gain (by non-residents)

Other accumulation entries

Other valuables

Perpetual inventory method (PIM)

Physical Accounting

Population Equivalent (in waste-water monitoring and treatment)

Premium supplements


Real holding gain

Recurrent losses (from inventories)


Squatter Settlements


Exchange rates

Nominal growth

Record check

Autonomous pension funds

Capital transfers

Central government

Centre of economic interest

Consumption good or service

Control of a corporation

Cultivated assets

Current accounts

Current taxes on capital

Current transfers to NPISHs

Double entry

Economic interest - centre of

Economic production

Employers' actual social contributions


Entrepreneurial income

Export subsidies

Financial intermediation

General government



Indirect taxes

Informal sector


Intangible non-produced assets

International organisations

Inventories of work-in progress

Investment grants

Net equity of households in life insurance reserves and in pension funds

Non-cultivated biological resources

Non-financial assets

Non-market output - other

Non-profit institutions (NPIs)

Non-profit institutions engaged in non-market production

NPIs (non-profit institutions)

Other current transfers

Other non-market output

Other non-market producers

Pension funds

Producer's price


Production boundary

Property income

Public corporations (non-financial and financial)

Purchaser's price

Social assistance benefits in cash

Social assistance benefits in kind

Social security schemes

Transfers of individual non-market goods or services

Work-in-progress - inventories

Base year weights

GDP by kind of economic activities

Real growth

GDP at constant prices

Shares of GDP

Sampling error

Target population

Base year (BSYR)

Growth rate

Implicit price deflator

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United Nations Statistics Division
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