Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Intentional homicide victims by counts and rates per 100,000 populationGo toSearch glossaries

Source: Homicide Statistics | United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Region Subregion Country Source
Number of intentional homicides
Rates of intentional homicide
2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Asia Southern Asia Afghanistan NSO 1115 983 1231 1948 3367 2318 2424 2474 3.9 3.4 4.1 6.3 9.8 6.6 6.7 6.7
Europe Southern Europe Albania MD,CTS,NSO 131 220 216 166 131 154 95 105 93 85 127 142 157 124 117 64 79 58 66 4.2 7.0 6.9 5.3 4.2 5.0 3.1 3.5 3.1 2.9 4.3 4.8 5.4 4.3 4.0 2.2 2.7 2.0 2.3
Africa Northern Africa Algeria CTS 650 449 204 312 271 328 277 254 280 523 480 577 542 2.0 1.4 0.6 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.8 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.4
Oceania Polynesia American Samoa NSO,SDG 1 7 3 4 6 4 1 3 2 5 5 2 3 3 4 3 1.7 11.8 5.0 6.7 10.1 6.8 1.7 5.2 3.5 8.9 9.0 3.6 5.4 5.4 7.2 5.4
Europe Southern Europe Andorra CTS,INTP 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1.3 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 1.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Africa Middle Africa Angola NSO 1055 1217 4.4 4.8
Americas Caribbean Anguilla WHO,NSO,PAHO,SDG 1 0 2 2 1 0 5 4 1 1 0 0 5 1 4 8.9 0.0 17.0 16.7 8.2 0.0 39.5 31.1 7.7 7.5 0.0 0.0 36.2 7.2 28.3
Americas Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda MD,PAHO,OAS 5 7 5 5 4 3 11 17 16 16 6 10 6.6 9.1 6.4 6.3 5.0 3.7 13.3 20.2 18.7 18.4 6.8 11.1
Americas South America Argentina CTS,GSHRevision 2099 2321 3227 2837 2625 2279 2362 5.3 5.8 7.6 6.6 6.0 5.2 5.3
Asia Western Asia Armenia UNSDC,TSMNEE,CTS 91 88 69 76 83 58 79 77 97 97 56 71 65 63 72 75 87 70 50 3.0 2.9 2.3 2.5 2.8 1.9 2.7 2.6 3.3 3.4 1.9 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.5 2.6 3.0 2.4 1.7
Americas Caribbean Aruba MD 4 5 4 2 6 5 3 5 4 4 2 4 6 2 4.3 5.3 4.1 2.0 6.0 5.0 3.0 4.9 3.9 3.9 2.0 3.9 5.8 1.9
Oceania Australia and New Zealand Australia MD,GSHRevision,CTS,EUR 362 347 366 302 263 259 281 255 261 263 231 248 243 245 243 236 227 203 222 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.9
Europe Western Europe Austria UNSDC,EUR,CTS 82 70 65 50 59 54 61 45 58 51 58 75 79 62 45 46 57 70 86 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.8 1.0
Asia Western Asia Azerbaijan UNSDC,CTS,GSHRevision 226 218 212 183 201 192 190 189 192 206 202 221 236 225 208 201 219 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2 2.4 2.5 2.3 2.1 2.0 2.2
Americas Caribbean Bahamas UNSDC,OAS,CTS,NP 74 43 52 50 44 52 61 78 73 87 94 127 111 119 124 146 111 122 24.8 14.2 16.9 16.0 13.8 16.0 18.4 23.1 21.2 24.9 26.5 35.3 30.5 32.4 33.5 39.0 29.4 32.0
Asia Western Asia Bahrain UNSDC,CTS,NP,MD 9 8 3 7 4 7 4 6 13 11 7 4 5 7 1.3 1.1 0.4 0.8 0.4 0.7 0.4 0.5 1.1 0.9 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.5
Asia Southern Asia Bangladesh NP 3343 3678 3503 3471 3902 3592 4166 3863 4099 4219 3988 3966 4114 4393 4514 4035 3591 3549 3830 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.6 3.0 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.9 2.6 2.3 2.2 2.4
Americas Caribbean Barbados MD,UNSDC,OAS,CTS 20 25 25 33 22 29 35 25 23 19 31 27 22 24 25 31 22 30 28 7.4 9.2 9.1 12.0 8.0 10.5 12.6 9.0 8.2 6.8 11.0 9.5 7.8 8.4 8.8 10.9 7.7 10.5 9.8
Europe Eastern Europe Belarus UNSDC,CTS,NSO 1013 969 989 879 815 825 734 649 552 487 401 373 340 333 340 326 307 240 226 10.3 9.9 10.1 9.1 8.5 8.6 7.7 6.8 5.8 5.2 4.3 4.0 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.3 2.5 2.4
Europe Western Europe Belgium# WHO,UNSDC,EUR,CTS 212 282 319 230 268 221 221 211 203 189 189 214 205 205 210 230 174 193 2.1 2.7 3.1 2.2 2.6 2.1 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.0 1.5 1.7
Americas Central America Belize OAS,CTS 41 64 87 67 79 81 92 97 103 97 129 124 145 99 123 119 138 142 16.6 25.1 33.2 24.9 28.6 28.5 31.6 32.4 33.6 30.8 40.0 37.5 42.9 28.6 34.8 33.0 37.5 37.8
Africa Western Africa Benin CTS 126 1.1
Americas Northern America Bermuda UNSDC,NP,CTS 0 3 1 2 1 2 3 3 5 6 7 8 6 5 4 4 8 5 0.0 4.7 1.5 3.1 1.5 3.1 4.6 4.6 7.7 9.3 10.9 12.6 9.5 8.0 6.4 6.5 13.0 8.1
Asia Southern Asia Bhutan NSO,CTS 18 19 19 5 15 11 9 14 18 16 16 32 33 24 12 9 13 9 3.0 3.1 3.1 0.8 2.3 1.7 1.4 2.1 2.7 2.4 2.3 4.6 4.7 3.4 1.6 1.2 1.7 1.2
Americas South America Bolivia (Plurinational State of) CTS 478 482 770 828 819 1273 1236 1221 932 942 671 686 5.2 5.1 8.1 8.5 8.3 12.7 12.1 11.8 8.8 8.8 6.2 6.2
Americas Caribbean Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba  
Europe Southern Europe Bosnia and Herzegovina UNECE,INTP,CTS 99 82 90 68 70 73 66 66 71 56 51 63 46 50 57 45 42 39 2.6 2.2 2.4 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.5 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.3 1.2
Africa Southern Africa Botswana WHO 213 255 312 259 291 261 280 281 289 303 12.7 15.0 18.0 14.7 16.2 14.2 14.9 14.7 14.8 15.2
Americas South America Brazil MD,NGO,ABSP 41595 43975 45585 46828 44379 43645 45086 44625 45885 44518 43272 48084 53054 54163 58497 58459 61597 64078 57358 23.8 24.8 25.4 25.8 24.1 23.4 24.0 23.5 23.9 23.0 22.1 24.3 26.6 26.9 28.8 28.6 29.9 30.8 27.4
Americas Caribbean British Virgin Islands MD 1 1 2 4 2 4.8 4.7 9.2 17.9 8.3
Asia South-Eastern Asia Brunei Darussalam WHO,MD 4 3 2 2 3 3 1 3 1 1 4 2 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.3 0.8 0.3 0.3 1.0 0.5
Europe Eastern Europe Bulgaria UNSDC,EUR,CTS 332 308 255 247 244 199 186 177 172 150 148 128 141 109 114 126 79 103 92 4.2 3.9 3.2 3.2 3.2 2.6 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.1 1.5 1.3
Africa Western Africa Burkina Faso NSO,MOJ 78 81 78 63 69 94 151 135 123 90 115 121 130 117 209 240 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.3
Africa Eastern Africa Burundi CTS,SDG 341 376 347 349 500 520 564 461 635 4.2 4.5 4.0 3.9 5.4 5.5 5.7 4.5 6.1
Africa Western Africa Cabo Verde NP,CTS 15 21 44 35 29 34 38 39 53 56 54 65 46 62 38 37 3.3 4.6 9.5 7.5 6.1 7.1 7.8 7.9 10.6 11.1 10.6 12.5 8.8 11.7 7.1 6.8
Asia South-Eastern Asia Cambodia JP,WHO 571 407 425 509 511 448 400 393 333 331 331 268 4.7 3.3 3.4 4.0 3.9 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.4 2.3 2.3 1.8
Africa Middle Africa Cameroon NSO,SDG,CTS 459 755 1031 1002 776 1277 999 835 880 212 269 276 341 3.0 4.7 6.3 6.0 4.0 6.5 4.9 4.0 4.1 0.9 1.2 1.2 1.4
Americas Northern America Canada NSO,OAS,SDG,CTS,NP 546 554 582 549 625 664 608 597 614 610 556 606 548 509 522 610 612 660 651 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.7 2.0 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Americas Caribbean Cayman Islands MD,NSO,WHO 4 2 0 3 5 3 1 2 4 8 9 5 5 9.5 4.6 0.0 6.4 10.4 6.1 2.0 3.8 7.4 14.5 15.9 8.3 8.2
Africa Middle Africa Central African Republic CTS 913 20.1
Africa Middle Africa Chad  
Europe Northern Europe Channel Islands NP 1 2 1 0 0.7 1.3 0.6 0.0
Americas South America Chile CTS,MOI,NSO,OAS 513 576 590 616 588 630 541 636 434 556 438 610 612 779 825 3.2 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.7 3.2 3.7 2.5 3.2 2.5 3.4 3.4 4.2 4.4
Asia Eastern Asia China NSO,UNSDC 26276 24393 24711 20770 17973 16119 14811 14667 13410 12015 11286 10640 10083 9200 8634 7990 7525 2.0 1.9 1.9 1.6 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Asia Eastern Asia China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region GSHRevision,CTS,NP,UNSDC 43 66 69 52 45 34 35 18 36 47 35 17 27 62 27 22 28 24 48 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.7
Asia Eastern Asia China, Macao Special Administrative Region CTS,NP,UNSDC 10 8 2 8 4 4 10 6 4 6 2 4 4 1 0 1 1 2 2 2.3 1.8 0.4 1.7 0.8 0.8 2.0 1.2 0.8 1.1 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Asia Eastern Asia China, Taiwan Province of China SDG
Americas South America Colombia CTS,OAS,UNSDC 26539 27840 28387 23523 20210 18111 17479 17198 16140 15817 15459 16127 16440 15419 13343 12782 12402 12237 12586 67.0 69.2 69.4 56.7 48.0 42.5 40.5 39.3 36.5 35.3 34.2 35.3 35.7 33.2 28.4 26.9 25.7 25.0 25.3
Africa Eastern Africa Comoros  
Africa Middle Africa Congo  
Oceania Polynesia Cook Islands SDG 1 3.5
Americas Central America Costa Rica CTS,MOJ,NSO,UNSDC 249 257 258 300 280 335 351 369 512 525 527 474 407 411 477 557 578 603 563 6.3 6.4 6.3 7.2 6.6 7.8 8.1 8.4 11.5 11.6 11.5 10.2 8.7 8.7 9.9 11.5 11.8 12.2 11.3
Africa Western Africa Cote d'Ivoire  
Europe Southern Europe Croatia CTS,MOI  101 81 73 69 83 68 74 62 71 49 62 49 51 46 36 37 44 46 24 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.6 1.1 1.4 1.1 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.6
Americas Caribbean Cuba MD,MOH 587 605 661 642 660 684 576 568 515 565 505 534 621 674 600 619 572 5.3 5.4 5.9 5.7 5.9 6.1 5.1 5.0 4.6 5.0 4.5 4.8 5.5 6.0 5.3 5.5 5.0
Americas Caribbean Curacao PAHO 10 39 43 41 26 18 26 7.7 30.2 33.5 31.9 20.0 13.6 19.0
Asia Western Asia Cyprus CTS,EUR,UNSDC 8 7 2 14 16 20 15 13 9 19 8 9 22 12 11 15 13 7 15 0.8 0.7 0.2 1.4 1.6 1.9 1.4 1.2 0.8 1.7 0.7 0.8 1.9 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.1 0.6 1.3
Europe Eastern Europe Czechia CTS,EUR,GSHRevision,UNSDC 191 135 139 163 134 108 130 126 114 94 103 86 105 90 81 88 65 66 1.9 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6
Asia Eastern Asia Democratic People's Republic of Korea  
Africa Middle Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo  
Europe Northern Europe Denmark CTS,GSHRevision,UNSDC 58 52 48 65 43 53 29 39 54 47 42 46 47 48 74 62 56 71 58 1.1 1.0 0.9 1.2 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.0
Africa Eastern Africa Djibouti  
Americas Caribbean Dominica CTS,OAS,UNSDC 2 1 9 8 8 8 5 7 7 13 15 6 9 9 16 19 2.9 1.4 12.9 11.4 11.4 11.3 7.1 9.9 9.9 18.3 21.2 8.5 12.7 12.6 22.4 26.6
Americas Caribbean Dominican Republic CTS,NGO,RIC,SES 1210 1095 1279 1902 2239 2394 2144 2111 2394 2375 2474 2513 2268 1978 1810 1616 1216 1068 14.3 12.7 14.7 21.5 24.9 26.3 23.3 22.6 25.3 24.8 25.5 25.6 22.8 19.7 17.8 15.5 11.6 10.0
Americas South America Ecuador CTS,INTP,NSO,OAS,UNSDC,WHO 1833 1658 1906 1937 2390 2121 2385 2273 2607 2625 2623 2344 1923 1725 1311 1052 963 972 991 14.5 12.8 14.5 14.5 17.6 15.3 17.0 15.9 17.9 17.8 17.5 15.4 12.4 11.0 8.2 6.5 5.8 5.8 5.8
Africa Northern Africa Egypt CTS,UNSDC 471 322 522 549 680 967 912 1839 2703 2207 0.6 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.2 1.1 2.2 3.2 2.6
Americas Central America El Salvador PAHO,CTS 3551 3590 2835 3356 3897 3882 3927 3497 3179 4382 3987 4371 2594 2513 3921 6656 5276 3942 3340 60.3 60.6 47.6 56.0 64.7 64.1 64.6 57.3 51.8 71.2 64.5 70.4 41.6 40.1 62.3 105.2 83.0 61.7 52.0
Africa Middle Africa Equatorial Guinea CTS,NP,OAS
Africa Eastern Africa Eritrea  
Europe Northern Europe Estonia CTS,EUR,UNSDC 143 137 142 147 91 113 91 96 86 70 70 65 63 52 41 45 33 29 28 10.2 9.8 10.3 10.7 6.7 8.3 6.7 7.1 6.4 5.2 5.3 4.9 4.8 3.9 3.1 3.4 2.5 2.2 2.1
Africa Southern Africa Eswatini GSHRevision,UNSDC,WHO 128 184 134 135 146 139 127 121 217 187 208 172 104 102 118 112 116 130 12.7 18.2 13.1 13.2 14.2 13.5 12.3 11.6 20.7 17.7 19.5 16.0 9.6 9.4 10.8 10.1 10.4 11.6
Africa Eastern Africa Ethiopia GOV 8153 8.8
Americas South America Falkland Islands (Malvinas)  
Europe Northern Europe Faroe Islands  
Oceania Melanesia Fiji INTP,NSO,UNSDC 25 23 23 22 21 17 29 20 20 20 19 20 3.1 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.5 2.0 3.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.3
Europe Northern Europe Finland CTS,GSHRevision,UNSDC 148 156 132 103 148 119 119 129 133 120 119 110 88 89 88 82 74 69 90 2.9 3.0 2.5 2.0 2.8 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.6
Europe Western Europe France CTS,EUR,GSHRevision,UNSDC 1051 1047 1119 987 990 976 879 993 1021 819 796 856 784 777 792 1012 874 824 779 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.2
Americas South America French Guiana NP 58 45 42 28 32 30 29.7 22.2 20.0 13.0 14.4 13.2
Oceania Polynesia French Polynesia NP 3 7 9 1 1.1 2.7 3.4 0.4
Africa Middle Africa Gabon  
Africa Western Africa Gambia  
Asia Western Asia Georgia CTS,TSMNEE,UNSDC 239 263 292 302 298 403 323 330 263 210 187 108 39 89 5.5 6.1 6.9 7.1 7.1 9.6 7.7 7.9 6.3 5.1 4.6 2.7 1.0 2.2
Europe Western Europe Germany CTS,EUR,NP,UNSDC,WHO 1015 925 955 859 868 869 808 757 722 803 793 738 659 682 716 682 963 813 788 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.2 1.0 0.9
Africa Western Africa Ghana NP,WHO 433 401 436 452 393 412 399 430 427 422 423 560 551 543 525 549 609 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7 1.7 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.9 2.1
Europe Southern Europe Gibraltar NP 0 1 0.0 3.0
Europe Southern Europe Greece CTS,EUR,UNSDC 132 94 122 111 132 110 130 144 152 176 184 166 153 107 93 84 86 99 1.2 0.8 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9
Americas Northern America Greenland NSO 13 17 12 5 11 10 8 8 8 10 11 1 8 7 4 4 3 23.1 30.2 21.2 8.8 19.3 17.6 14.0 14.1 14.1 17.6 19.4 1.8 14.2 12.4 7.1 7.1 5.3
Americas Caribbean Grenada CTS,OAS 15 6 14 9 6 11 12 11 16 7 10 4 14 6 8 6 11 12 14.6 5.8 13.5 8.7 5.8 10.5 11.4 10.5 15.2 6.6 9.4 3.7 13.0 5.5 7.3 5.5 10.0 10.8
Americas Caribbean Guadeloupe GOV,NP 26 23 24 29 32 36 27 31 35 21 39 23 6.4 5.7 6.0 7.2 7.9 8.9 6.7 7.7 8.7 5.2 9.7 5.8
Oceania Micronesia Guam NP 2 8 2 8 9 7 11 1 1 5 3 4 1.3 5.1 1.3 5.1 5.7 4.4 6.9 0.6 0.6 3.1 1.9 2.5
Americas Central America Guatemala CTS,NP,UNSDC 2904 3230 3631 4237 4507 5338 5885 5781 6292 6498 5960 5681 5155 5253 4998 4778 4520 4410 3881 24.9 27.1 29.7 33.9 35.2 40.8 43.9 42.2 44.9 45.4 40.7 38.0 33.8 33.7 31.4 29.4 27.3 26.1 22.5
Africa Western Africa Guinea  
Africa Western Africa Guinea-Bissau CTS 81 65 48 64 21 4.9 3.8 2.8 3.6 1.1
Americas South America Guyana CTS,NSO,OAS 76 80 143 209 131 142 153 115 158 117 140 130 139 155 149 149 142 115 111 10.2 10.7 19.2 28.0 17.6 19.0 20.5 15.4 21.2 15.6 18.7 17.3 18.4 20.4 19.5 19.4 18.4 14.8 14.2
Americas Caribbean Haiti DPKO,OAS 486 498 598 677 914 1033 1039 980 1071 1028 743 5.1 5.2 6.1 6.8 9.0 10.1 10.0 9.3 10.0 9.5 6.7
Europe Southern Europe Holy See CTS 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Americas Central America Honduras CTS,INTP,NSO,OCAVI,RSC 3176 3488 3623 4073 3639 3212 3118 3588 4455 5280 6236 7104 7172 6431 5891 5148 5150 3864 3732 48.3 51.7 52.3 57.3 50.0 43.1 40.8 45.9 55.8 64.8 75.0 83.8 83.0 73.1 65.8 56.5 55.6 41.0 38.9
Europe Eastern Europe Hungary CTS,UNSDC 205 254 203 228 209 164 174 154 181 139 138 145 124 154 146 221 202 242 2.0 2.5 2.0 2.2 2.1 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.5 2.3 2.1 2.5
Europe Northern Europe Iceland CTS,EUR,UNSDC 5 1 4 0 3 3 0 2 0 1 2 3 1 1 2 3 1 3 3 1.8 0.4 1.4 0.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.9 0.3 0.9 0.9
Asia Southern Asia India MOI 48167 46420 45736 44331 46490 45095 44961 45362 45999 45824 46460 47640 47478 45878 47356 44373 42678 41832 41651 4.6 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.1 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.1 3.1
Asia South-Eastern Asia Indonesia CTS,INTP,UNSDC 2204 1635 1419 1372 1311 1058 1467 1456 1386 1277 1491 1292 1150 1.0 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4
Asia Southern Asia Iran (Islamic Republic of) CTS,MD,NSO 1803 2015 2215 2037 1936 2.6 2.9 3.0 2.7 2.5
Asia Western Asia Iraq** CTS,UNSDC 4596 2554 2691 2634 2697 3339 3029 16.2 8.8 9.0 8.6 8.5 10.1 10.1
Asia Western Asia Iraq (Central Iraq)** CTS
Asia Western Asia Iraq (Kurdistan Region)** CTS
Europe Northern Europe Ireland CTS,NP,NSO,UNSDC 37 52 52 37 30 52 62 78 51 53 55 42 52 51 52 31 37 41 42 1.0 1.4 1.3 0.9 0.7 1.3 1.5 1.8 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
Europe Northern Europe Isle of Man NP 1 2 2 3 1 0 1.2 2.4 2.4 3.6 1.2 0.0
Asia Western Asia Israel NSO,UNSDC 154 193 208 171 159 169 153 135 120 144 150 147 128 127 108 110 104 123 2.6 3.2 3.4 2.7 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.0 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5
Europe Southern Europe Italy CTS,UNSDC 766 709 644 719 714 610 625 631 615 590 529 552 530 502 475 469 400 371 345 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6
Americas Caribbean Jamaica CTS,NP,NSO,OAS,UNSDC 887 1139 1045 975 1471 1674 1340 1584 1619 1683 1447 1133 1099 1201 1005 1208 1354 1647 1287 33.4 42.6 38.8 36.0 54.0 61.1 48.6 57.2 58.2 60.2 51.5 40.1 38.7 42.0 35.0 41.8 46.6 56.4 43.9
Asia Eastern Asia Japan CTS,GSHRevision,MOI,SDG 678 697 662 697 699 643 619 574 654 506 465 442 429 370 395 363 362 306 334 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
Asia Western Asia Jordan CTS,MNS,SDG,UNSDC 67 100 112 120 102 116 141 161 144 170 151 131 133 1.2 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.7 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.4
Asia Central Asia Kazakhstan* CTS,TSMNEE,UNSDC 2325 2160 1967 1991 2091 1807 1771 1387 1420 1266 1120 904 853 915 15.6 14.5 13.1 13.2 13.7 11.4 11.0 8.5 8.6 7.6 6.6 5.2 4.9 5.1
Africa Eastern Africa Kenya CTS 1200 1084 1106 1102 1215 1907 1926 2271 2374 2450 2305 2261 2363 2466 2533 3.4 3.0 2.9 2.8 3.1 4.7 4.6 5.3 5.4 5.4 4.9 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.9
Oceania Micronesia Kiribati MD,WHO 3 4 7 1 4 11 8 3.6 4.7 7.1 1.0 3.9 10.5 7.5
Europe Southern Europe Kosovo under UNSCR 1244 CTS
Asia Western Asia Kuwait CTS,NP,UNSDC 39 23 29 43 41 45 59 38 49 60 59 61 1.9 1.1 1.3 2.0 1.8 1.9 2.4 1.4 1.7 2.0 1.9 1.8
Asia Central Asia Kyrgyzstan CTS,NSO,TSMNEE,UNECE,UNSDC 430 386 411 420 419 491 446 416 417 419 909 467 380 301 320 305 267 256 138 8.7 7.8 8.2 8.4 8.3 9.7 8.7 8.0 7.9 7.9 16.8 8.5 6.8 5.3 5.5 5.1 4.4 4.1 2.2
Asia South-Eastern Asia Lao People's Democratic Republic  
Europe Northern Europe Latvia CTS,UNSDC 238 219 214 202 181 126 128 94 99 108 70 69 70 50 64 67 69 81 84 10.0 9.3 9.2 8.8 7.9 5.6 5.8 4.3 4.6 5.0 3.3 3.3 3.4 2.4 3.2 3.4 3.5 4.2 4.4
Asia Western Asia Lebanon CTS 183 145 163 168 194 236 240 231 235 246 171 3.8 3.0 3.3 3.2 3.5 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.5 3.6 2.5
Africa Southern Africa Lesotho CTS,NSO,UNSDC 895 752 723 764 712 641 658 897 45.0 37.8 36.3 38.3 35.5 31.8 32.4 43.6
Africa Western Africa Liberia UNMIL 100 177 145 129 161 135 2.9 4.9 3.9 3.3 4.0 3.3
Africa Northern Africa Libya  
Europe Western Europe Liechtenstein CTS,EUR,NSO 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.8 0.0 2.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.7 0.0 0.0 2.6 2.6
Europe Northern Europe Lithuania CTS,UNSDC 370 353 293 344 343 372 288 277 298 252 219 211 202 198 159 172 153 129 128 10.6 10.2 8.5 10.1 10.1 11.1 8.7 8.5 9.3 8.0 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.6 5.4 5.9 5.3 4.5 4.6
Europe Western Europe Luxembourg CTS,EUR,UNECE 4 9 6 3 2 4 7 7 8 5 10 4 0 1 4 5 5 2 0.9 2.0 1.4 0.7 0.4 0.9 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.0 2.0 0.8 0.0 0.2 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.3
Africa Eastern Africa Madagascar  
Africa Eastern Africa Malawi NP 700 900 567 300 411 200 821 690 780 320 520 343 279 6.3 7.9 4.8 2.5 3.3 1.6 6.3 5.2 5.7 2.3 3.6 2.3 1.8
Asia South-Eastern Asia Malaysia NP,UNSDC,WHO 551 517 565 565 497 604 588 652 597 561 540 530 602 627 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.3 2.0 2.4 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.8 2.1 2.1
Asia Southern Asia Maldives CTS,UNSDC 7 8 4 3 5 6 6 3 10 3 2.4 2.7 1.3 0.9 1.5 1.7 1.6 0.8 2.5 0.7
Africa Western Africa Mali  
Europe Southern Europe Malta CTS,EUR,NSO,UNSDC 4 6 6 0 7 4 0 4 6 4 4 3 12 7 6 4 5 9 7 1.0 1.5 1.5 0.0 1.7 1.0 0.0 1.0 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.7 2.8 1.6 1.4 0.9 1.1 2.1 1.6
Oceania Micronesia Marshall Islands UNSDC
Americas Caribbean Martinique NP 19 19 23 23 17 11 4.8 4.8 5.8 5.8 4.3 2.8
Africa Western Africa Mauritania  
Africa Eastern Africa Mauritius CTS,NSO,UNSDC 26 39 35 37 50 45 48 38 33 32 28 35 19 21 21 33 37 2.2 3.2 2.9 3.0 4.1 3.6 3.9 3.1 2.6 2.6 2.2 2.8 1.5 1.7 1.7 2.6 2.9
Africa Eastern Africa Mayotte NP 27 5 12 14.2 2.5 5.9
Americas Central America Mexico CTS,NSO 10737 10285 10088 10087 9329 9921 10452 8867 14006 19803 25757 27213 25967 23063 20010 20762 24559 32079 36685 10.9 10.3 9.9 9.8 8.9 9.4 9.7 8.1 12.6 17.6 22.6 23.5 22.1 19.4 16.6 17.0 19.9 25.7 29.1
Oceania Micronesia Micronesia (Federated States of)  
Europe Western Europe Monaco CTS,UNSDC 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Asia Eastern Asia Mongolia CTS,NSO 343 333 398 336 295 212 219 239 266 199 205 213 214 184 191 196 13.9 13.3 15.8 13.1 11.4 8.1 8.2 8.8 9.6 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.1 6.0 6.1 6.2
Europe Southern Europe Montenegro CTS,EUR 27 20 14 22 25 12 24 21 15 21 17 10 20 17 28 15 14 4.4 3.3 2.3 3.6 4.0 1.9 3.9 3.4 2.4 3.4 2.7 1.6 3.2 2.7 4.5 2.4 2.2
Americas Caribbean Montserrat MD,PAHO,WHO 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 20.7 20.4 20.4 20.3
Africa Northern Africa Morocco CTS,UNSDC 461 543 462 510 470 469 498 517 426 432 451 441 383 429 355 431 594 761 510 1.6 1.9 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.7 2.1 1.4
Africa Eastern Africa Mozambique SDG,WHO 1100 1040 1044 1130 1089 894 849 995 823 875 849 6.0 5.5 5.4 5.7 5.3 4.2 3.9 4.5 3.6 3.7 3.5
Asia South-Eastern Asia Myanmar CTS,NSO 1041 916 814 764 743 676 777 749 791 879 801 1055 1436 1238 1230 1152 1198 2.2 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 2.1 2.8 2.4 2.4 2.2 2.3
Africa Southern Africa Namibia INTP,NP 380 353 346 352 354 388 314 308 388 21.2 19.4 18.7 18.5 17.3 18.6 14.8 14.3 17.7
Oceania Micronesia Nauru  
Asia Southern Asia Nepal CTS,NSO,UNSDC 635 848 858 757 936 878 610 841 892 806 813 679 642 606 558 627 2.7 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.7 3.4 2.3 3.2 3.3 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.3
Europe Western Europe Netherlands CTS,MD,NSO 180 202 195 202 191 174 128 143 150 154 144 143 145 125 123 104 94 132 100 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.6
Oceania Melanesia New Caledonia NP 8 12 11 8 3.3 4.9 4.5 3.2
Oceania Australia and New Zealand New Zealand# CTS,NP,UNSDC,WHO 52 51 60 44 45 61 49 48 51 67 43 39 41 46 43 48 50 35 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.5 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.7
Americas Central America Nicaragua NP 476 537 554 635 646 729 722 714 736 802 785 738 673 594 525 524 453 9.4 10.4 10.6 12.0 12.0 13.4 13.1 12.8 13.0 14.0 13.5 12.5 11.2 9.8 8.5 8.4 7.2
Africa Western Africa Niger WHO 831 788 4.9 4.4
Africa Western Africa Nigeria UNODC 64201 34.5
Oceania Polynesia Niue  
Europe Southern Europe North Macedonia   47 55 60 70 49 44 46 42 35 35 43 30 29 22 35 25 19 31 25 2.3 2.7 2.9 3.4 2.4 2.1 2.2 2.0 1.7 1.7 2.1 1.4 1.4 1.1 1.7 1.2 0.9 1.5 1.2
Oceania Micronesia Northern Mariana Islands  
Europe Northern Europe Norway CTS,EUR,GSHRevision,UNSDC,SDG 48 37 46 51 36 33 33 30 34 29 29 111 27 46 29 24 27 28 25 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 2.2 0.5 0.9 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Asia Western Asia Oman CTS,NSO 28 35 42 53 121 37 47 37 48 34 39 97 12 16 18 24 13 1.2 1.5 1.7 2.1 4.7 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.6 1.0 1.1 2.6 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3
Asia Southern Asia Pakistan CTS,NP,NSO,UNSDC 8906 9593 9466 9346 9614 9782 10048 10556 12059 12491 13190 13860 13846 13937 13276 9486 8516 8235 8241 6.3 6.6 6.3 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.3 7.0 7.1 7.4 7.6 7.4 7.3 6.8 4.8 4.2 4.0 3.9
Oceania Micronesia Palau NSO 3 0 0 2 17.0 0.0 0.0 11.2
Americas Central America Panama CTS,NSO 299 306 376 337 308 364 221 279 493 562 460 549 637 663 604 471 405 397 392 9.9 9.9 11.9 10.5 9.4 10.9 6.5 8.1 14.0 15.7 12.6 14.8 16.9 17.3 15.5 11.9 10.0 9.7 9.4
Oceania Melanesia Papua New Guinea NP,UNSDC 465 436 470 609 603 610 520 603 697 713 8.0 7.3 7.7 9.8 9.3 9.2 7.6 8.6 9.8 9.8
Americas South America Paraguay CTS,OAS 995 1314 1372 1285 1209 887 742 783 833 821 741 657 649 604 578 617 669 541 497 18.7 24.2 24.8 22.8 21.1 15.2 12.5 13.1 13.7 13.3 11.9 10.4 10.1 9.3 8.8 9.2 9.9 7.9 7.1
Americas South America Peru CTS 1617 1968 2013 2076 2247 2435 2487 5.5 6.7 6.8 6.9 7.4 7.9 7.9
Asia South-Eastern Asia Philippines* CTS,GSHRevision,NP,UNSDC 5735 5852 6553 6436 6344 6434 6200 5962 5820 9088 8645 8489 8484 9153 9756 9646 11379 8826 6895 7.4 7.3 8.1 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.1 6.7 6.4 9.8 9.2 8.9 8.7 9.3 9.7 9.4 11.0 8.4 6.5
Europe Eastern Europe Poland# CTS,EUR,UNSDC 855 776 716 662 633 555 490 525 326 387 384 422 409 305 287 298 260 287 277 2.2 2.0 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.4 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7
Europe Southern Europe Portugal CTS,EUR,MD,SDG 116 105 119 149 144 135 155 185 124 130 124 114 122 144 92 100 66 76 81 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.7 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 0.9 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.8
Americas Caribbean Puerto Rico CTS,NP,NSO 734 802 820 818 843 825 783 774 874 956 1030 1179 1015 924 704 614 704 729 641 20.0 21.9 22.4 22.4 23.1 22.7 21.6 21.4 24.2 26.6 28.8 33.1 28.7 26.4 20.4 18.2 21.4 23.0 21.1
Asia Western Asia Qatar MD,UNSDC 1 5 5 6 5 9 12 8 4 4 7 9 9 0.2 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4
Asia Eastern Asia Republic of Korea GSHRevision,CTS,NP,SDG,UNSDC 370 407 371 387 420 411 416 430 430 532 485 403 435 352 377 375 361 301 309 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Europe Eastern Europe Republic of Moldova CTS,UNSDC 433 411 401 319 277 296 262 217 236 246 267 304 229 169 130 189 200 141 158 10.3 9.8 9.6 7.6 6.6 7.1 6.3 5.3 5.7 6.0 6.5 7.5 5.6 4.1 3.2 4.6 4.9 3.5 3.9
Africa Eastern Africa Reunion NP 23 25 19 24 18 15 2.9 3.2 2.4 3.0 2.2 1.8
Europe Eastern Europe Romania# CTS,EUR,UNSDC 556 699 656 696 487 433 357 379 302 258 266 205 212 218 325 339 306 255 250 2.5 3.2 3.0 3.2 2.3 2.0 1.7 1.8 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.6 1.7 1.5 1.3 1.3
Europe Eastern Europe Russian Federation## CTS,GSHRevision,NSO 41090 42921 44252 41764 39256 35636 28844 25377 18188 17659 16690 16175 16247 16033 16516 16646 15864 13293 11964 28.1 29.4 30.5 28.9 27.2 24.8 20.1 17.7 12.7 12.3 11.6 11.3 11.3 11.1 11.4 11.5 10.9 9.1 8.2
Africa Eastern Africa Rwanda NSO 319 268 144 291 256 359 428 293 3.5 2.9 1.5 2.9 2.4 3.3 3.9 2.6
Africa Western Africa Saint Helena NSO 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Americas Caribbean Saint Kitts and Nevis CTS,NP,OAS 3 6 5 10 11 8 17 16 23 27 21 34 18 6.8 13.5 11.1 21.9 23.7 17.1 35.9 33.5 47.7 55.6 42.8 68.8 36.1
Americas Caribbean Saint Lucia GSHRevision,MD,NSO,OAS 23 34 42 36 37 41 43 29 39 39 44 46 39 33 34 28 30 53 39 14.7 21.5 26.4 22.4 22.9 25.1 26.0 17.3 22.9 22.6 25.3 26.2 22.1 18.6 19.1 15.6 16.7 29.3 21.4
Americas Caribbean Saint Martin (French Part) GOV 8 2 8 8 6 10 21.4 5.4 21.9 22.2 16.7 27.7
Americas Northern America Saint Pierre and Miquelon NP 0 0 1 1 0.0 0.0 15.9 15.8
Americas Caribbean Saint Vincent and the Grenadines CTS,NGO,OAS 20 12 20 18 29 26 20 40 16 23 25 21 28 40 18.6 11.1 18.5 16.6 26.7 23.9 18.4 36.9 14.8 21.2 23.1 19.4 25.8 36.5
Oceania Polynesia Samoa WHO 16 16 6 8.7 8.6 3.1
Europe Southern Europe San Marino WHO 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.0 0.0 3.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Africa Middle Africa Sao Tome and Principe CTS,UNSDC 4 4 14 5 6 6 2.5 2.4 8.2 2.8 3.3 3.3
Asia Western Asia Saudi Arabia CTS,NSO 173 229 285 250 301 297 255 265 472 419 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.5 1.3
Africa Western Africa Senegal CTS 39 0.3
Europe Southern Europe Serbia CTS,EUR 228 243 200 176 164 147 156 171 113 73 106 62 90 41 55 42 38 48 44 2.4 2.6 2.1 1.9 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.9 6.5 4.1 6.0 3.5 5.0 2.2 3.0 2.3 2.1 2.6 2.4
Africa Eastern Africa Seychelles INTP,NSO 10 9 8 6 14 9 16 4 18 16 7 12 11.4 10.1 8.9 6.6 15.4 9.9 17.4 4.3 19.3 17.0 7.4 12.5
Africa Western Africa Sierra Leone NP,SDG,UNSDC 112 99 101 134 184 158 163 187 113 124 2.1 1.8 1.7 2.2 3.0 2.5 2.5 2.8 1.7 1.7
Asia South-Eastern Asia Singapore CTS,GSHRevision 41 32 31 27 20 21 17 18 27 20 19 16 11 17 14 14 18 11 9 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
Americas Caribbean Sint Maarten (Dutch part)  
Europe Eastern Europe Slovakia CTS,SDG,TSMNEE,UNSDC 129 118 121 137 108 93 82 82 86 78 82 88 63 71 69 44 57 80 62 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.0 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.2 1.3 1.3 0.8 1.0 1.5 1.1
Europe Southern Europe Slovenia CTS,UNSDC 36 28 36 21 27 20 12 24 10 13 15 16 14 12 16 20 10 19 10 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.1 1.4 1.0 0.6 1.2 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 1.0 0.5 0.9 0.5
Oceania Melanesia Solomon Islands CTS 20 26 23 26 19 4.4 5.5 4.8 5.3 3.8
Africa Eastern Africa Somalia  
Africa Southern Africa South Africa NP 21758 21405 21553 19824 18793 18528 19106 18400 18084 16767 15893 15554 16213 17023 17805 18673 19016 20355 21036 48.4 47.0 46.7 42.4 39.7 38.7 39.4 37.5 36.3 33.2 31.0 29.9 30.7 31.7 32.6 33.7 33.8 35.7 36.4
Africa Eastern Africa South Sudan NP 1504 14.9
Europe Southern Europe Spain CTS,EUR,WHO 553 577 564 587 520 518 476 482 407 412 401 385 364 302 323 302 294 307 290 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
Asia Southern Asia Sri Lanka* CTS,GSHRevision,INTP,NP,UNSDC 1310 1377 1219 2044 2002 1099 763 732 676 619 553 487 530 486 514 6.8 7.1 6.2 10.4 10.0 5.5 3.8 3.6 3.3 3.0 2.7 2.3 2.5 2.3 2.4
Asia Western Asia State of Palestine CTS,NSO,SDG,UNSDC 42 56 85 94 96 83 47 44 32 24 26 24 24 54 19 34 24 1.3 1.7 2.5 2.7 2.7 2.3 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 1.2 0.4 0.7 0.5
Africa Northern Africa Sudan CTS 1511 1702 4.7 5.1
Americas South America Suriname CTS,OAS 68 79 57 60 46 69 62 45 43 29 32 34 41 31 14.4 16.6 11.8 12.3 9.3 13.8 12.3 8.8 8.3 5.3 5.8 6.1 7.3 5.4
Europe Northern Europe Sweden CTS,NCCP 96 87 101 85 107 83 91 111 82 93 91 81 68 87 87 112 106 113 108 1.1 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Europe Western Europe Switzerland CTS,EUR,UNSDC 69 86 86 73 78 75 60 51 54 51 52 46 45 57 41 57 45 45 50 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6
Asia Western Asia Syrian Arab Republic CTS,NSO 357 376 368 405 426 430 446 533 529 476 463 149 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.2 0.9
Asia Central Asia Tajikistan CTS,TSMNEE 283 233 180 164 142 157 194 132 100 97 181 126 4.6 3.7 2.8 2.5 2.1 2.3 2.8 1.9 1.4 1.3 2.4 1.6
Asia South-Eastern Asia Thailand CTS,NP,UNSDC,WHO 5142 5020 4538 6434 4273 4806 4687 4435 3974 3703 3654 3307 3323 2894 2649 2387 2229 1787 8.2 7.9 7.1 10.0 6.6 7.3 7.1 6.7 6.0 5.5 5.4 4.9 4.9 4.2 3.9 3.5 3.2 2.6
Asia South-Eastern Asia Timor-Leste NSO,UNMIT 23 46 49 62 35 32 39 49 2.4 4.6 4.8 6.0 3.3 3.0 3.6 4.1
Africa Western Africa Togo  
Oceania Polynesia Tokelau  
Oceania Polynesia Tonga NP,UNSDC 1 6 6 6 2 4 8 1 4 8 1 2 1 1.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 2.0 4.0 7.9 1.0 3.9 7.7 1.0 1.9 1.0
Americas Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago CTS,GSHRevision,OAS 120 151 171 229 260 386 371 391 547 507 473 352 380 407 405 420 9.5 11.9 13.4 17.8 20.2 29.8 28.5 29.9 41.6 38.4 35.6 26.3 28.3 30.1 29.7 30.6
Africa Northern Africa Tunisia WHO 195 260 249 273 280 255 286 332 1.9 2.6 2.4 2.6 2.7 2.4 2.7 3.1
Asia Western Asia Turkey CTS 2837 2914 3305 3168 3599 3257 3692 3064 3061 3216 2235 2665 2503 2133 4.3 4.3 4.9 4.6 5.2 4.6 5.2 4.2 4.2 4.3 2.8 3.3 3.1 2.6
Asia Central Asia Turkmenistan TSMNEE 267 248 241 233 209 206 203 5.9 5.4 5.2 5.0 4.4 4.3 4.2
Americas Caribbean Turks and Caicos Islands MD,PAHO 0 0 2 0 0 2 2 2 4 2 0.0 0.0 8.6 0.0 0.0 6.6 6.4 6.3 11.5 5.7
Oceania Polynesia Tuvalu WHO 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 9.5 9.4 18.6
Africa Eastern Africa Uganda CTS,NP,UNSDC 2136 2049 2492 2696 2645 2793 3233 3160 3753 4066 3857 4473 4482 4735 4497 8.2 7.6 9.0 9.4 9.0 9.2 10.3 9.7 11.2 11.8 10.8 12.1 11.3 11.5 10.5
Europe Eastern Europe Ukraine CTS,DMDB,TSMNEE,UNSDC 4418 4854 4296 4041 3487 3030 2958 2646 2466 2240 1988 2336 2845 2751 9.0 10.0 9.0 8.5 7.4 6.5 6.3 5.7 5.3 4.9 4.3 5.1 6.3 6.2
Asia Western Asia United Arab Emirates CTS 45 27 56 39 67 51 69 57 61 60 66 44 1.2 0.7 1.2 0.7 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.5
Europe Northern Europe United Kingdom (England and Wales) CTS,EUR,MD,SDG,UNSDC
Europe Northern Europe United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) CTS,EUR,MD,SDG,UNSDC 764 793 944 775 779 708 710 729 639 595 633 526 543 521 510 570 706 726 23 1.5 1.5 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.1 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2
Europe Northern Europe United Kingdom (Scotland) CTS,EUR,MD,SDG,UNSDC
Africa Eastern Africa United Republic of Tanzania CTS,INTP,NSO,UNSDC 2778 2926 3888 4149 4092 3697 3902 3746 3439 7.6 7.8 8.8 9.1 8.7 7.6 7.8 7.3 6.5
Americas Northern America United States of America CTS,FBI,GSHRevision,NP,UNSDC 15586 19033 16229 16528 16148 16740 17309 17128 16465 15399 14722 14661 14856 14319 14164 15883 17413 17284 16214 5.5 6.7 5.6 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.7 5.4 5.0 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.9 5.4 5.3 5.0
Americas Caribbean United States Virgin Islands MD 23 28 41 31 37 37 43 43 46 50 56 45 52 21.2 25.8 37.8 28.6 34.2 34.3 40.0 40.1 43.1 47.0 52.8 42.5 49.3
Americas South America Uruguay CTS,MOI 214 218 231 197 200 190 202 194 221 226 205 199 267 260 268 293 268 284 416 6.4 6.6 6.9 5.9 6.0 5.7 6.1 5.8 6.6 6.7 6.1 5.9 7.9 7.7 7.9 8.6 7.8 8.3 12.1
Asia Central Asia Uzbekistan CTS,NSO,TSMNEE 1068 1081 1058 963 962 910 861 815 831 450 506 444 363 4.3 4.3 4.2 3.7 3.7 3.4 3.2 3.0 3.0 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.1
Oceania Melanesia Vanuatu  
Americas South America Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) AG,CTS,NGO,OAS,UNSDC 8022 7960 9617 11342 9719 9964 12257 13156 14589 13985 13080 14098 16072 19030 15654 17778 14665 10598 33.2 32.3 38.3 44.4 37.4 37.7 45.6 48.3 52.8 49.9 46.0 48.8 54.7 63.3 52.0 59.6 49.9 36.7
Asia South-Eastern Asia Viet Nam WHO 1004 1067 1059 1063 1053 1048 1168 1092 1233 1336 1358 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Oceania Polynesia Wallis and Futuna Islands  
Africa Northern Africa Western Sahara  
Asia Western Asia Yemen CTS,NSO,UNSDC 697 704 646 945 895 850 874 990 1099 1375 1616 1703 4.0 3.7 3.3 4.7 4.3 4.0 4.0 4.4 4.7 5.8 6.6 6.8
Africa Eastern Africa Zambia NP,UNSDC,WHO 797 694 812 814 863 885 867 825 853 7.7 5.4 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.1 5.8 5.4 5.4
Africa Eastern Africa Zimbabwe WHO 1529 1623 1360 1356 1350 1072 711 981 12.8 13.6 11.4 11.3 11.2 8.8 5.6 7.5
Indicator Definition: Definitions: "Intentional Homicide" means unlawful death inflicted upon a person with the intent to cause death or serious injury. 
* Kazakhstan (after 2004), Philippines (2009), Sri Lanka (after 2006): Changes in definitions and/or counting rules are reported by the Member State to indicate a break in the time series.
**Iraq, Iraq (Central Iraq), Iraq (Kurdistan Region): Excluding victims of terrorist attacks
# Belgium: Data refer to offences, not victims, of intentional homicide; Romania: Data for 2000-2016 refer to offences, data for 2017 onwards refer to victims of intentional homicide; New Zealand: Data for 2000-2006 refer to offences, data for 2007 onwards refer to victims of intentional homicide; Poland: Data for 2000-2007 refer to offences, data for 2008 onwards refer to victims of intentional homicide
## Russian Federation: Data for until 2007 are from public health sources; data from 2008 onwards are from the Prosecutor-General of the Russian Federation
Source Label Source Text/Description
ABSP Anuario Brasileiro de Seguranca Publica
ADJ Data Adjusted by UNODC
Adjusted Obtained based on an a statistical modification of an original value
AG Attorney General
Attempt Indicates that the data may include attempted homicides
CTS National Criminal Justice Data as Collected through the United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)
CTS 2017 2017 Edition of the United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)
CTS_N Indicates that the disaggregation was partially or completely updated with data from the CTS 2017
DMDB European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB)
DPKO Department of Peacekeeping Operations (UN-DPKO)
EUR Eurostat
GEN User Generated Variables
GEO Gender Equality Observatory for Latin America and the Caribbean
GHD Estimate Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx, IHME)
GOV Government
GSHRevision Gloal Study on Homicide 2019 - Revision
IHME Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
INTP International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO; Interpol)
JP Judicial police
MD World Health Organization Mortality Database
MNS Ministry of National Security
MNTH United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
MOH Ministry of Health
MOI Ministry of Interior
MOJ Ministry of Justice
MSCO United Nations Stabilization Mission in the DR Congo (MONUSCO)
NBHW National Board of Health and Welfare
NCCP National Council for Crime Prevention
NGO Non-governmental Organization
NIFM National Institute of Forensic Medicine
NP National Police
NSC National Security Council (Guatemala)
NSO National Statistical Organization
OAS Organization of American States (OAS)
OCAVI Observatorio Centroamericano sobre Violencia (OCAVI)
PAHO Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
PPR Public Prosecution
RIC Regional System of Standardized Indicators in Peaceful Coexistence and Citizen Security (IDB)
RSC Research Center
SCJ Corte Suprema de Justica (EL Salvador)
SDG Sustainable Development Goals / SDG Pre-Pub
SDG_18 2018 Edition of the Sustainable Development Goals / SDG Pre-Pub
SES Sistema Regional de Indicadores Estandarizados en Convivencia y Seguridad Ciudadana (SES)
SO Statistical Organization
TMNE Transformative Monitoring for Enhanced Equity (TransMonEE)
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
UNMIT United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)
UNML United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
UNSDC Adhoc Collection of National Criminal Justice Data as collected by UNODC, referred to as UNODC Special Data Collection
VAL Validated Indicators
WHO World Health Organization (WHO)
WPP World Population Prospects 2017
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
MD Adjusted Obtained based on an a statistical modification of an original value from the World Health Organization Mortality Database
TSMNEE Transformative Monitoring for Enhanced Equity (TransMonEE)
WHO Adjusted Obtained based on an a statistical modification of an original value from the World Health Organization 
GOV Adjusted Obtained based on an a statistical modification of an original value from the Government
UNSDC Adjusted Obtained based on an a statistical modification of an original value from the Adhoc Collection of National Criminal Justice Data as collected by UNODC, referred to as UNODC Special Data Collection 
NP Adjusted Obtained based on an a statistical modification of an original value from the National Police
SDG Adjusted Obtained based on an a statistical modification of an original value from the Sustainable Development Goals
UNMIL United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
UNODC Estimate Obtained based on an a statistical modification of an original value from a UNODC Study 
UNODC Obtained based on an a statistical modification of an original value from a UNODC Study 
WPB World Prison Brief
Source

Homicide Statistics

Source:  United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNODC Homicide Statistics provide users with a reference for the largest number of countries and the longest time series on homicide data possible. A variety of national and international sources on homicide have been considered to compile UNODC Homicide Statistics and, in order to present accurate and comparable statistics, data have been selected which conform as much as possible to the definition of intentional homicide used by UNODC for statistical purpose: ‘‘unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person”. All existing data sources on intentional homicides, both at national and international level, stem from either criminal justice or public health systems. In the former case, data are generated by law enforcement or criminal justice authorities in the process of recording and investigating a crime event while, in the latter, data are produced by health authorities certifying the cause of death of an individual. Public health data on homicides were derived from databases on deaths by cause disseminated by WHO, both at central level and through some of its regional offices. Data included in the dataset correspond to the original value provided by the source of origin, since no statistical procedure or modelling was used to change collected values or to create new or revised figures.
Last update in UNdata: 2020/04/01
Next update in UNdata: 2021/04/01