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Intentional homicide victims, total counts and rates per 100,000 populationGo toSearch glossaries

Source: Homicide Statistics | United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Region Subregion UNODC Name Source 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Africa Eastern Africa Burundi CTS/SDG            341            376            347            349            500            520            564            461            635          4.2          4.4          4.0          3.9          5.4          5.4          5.7          4.5          6.0
Africa Eastern Africa Comoros WHO Estimate             56             58             59             60        10.4          9.5          8.5          7.7
Africa Eastern Africa Djibouti WHO Estimate             64             63             63             60          8.9          8.1          7.4          6.5
Africa Eastern Africa Eritrea WHO Estimate            335            382            389            390          9.9          9.6          8.9          8.0
Africa Eastern Africa Ethiopia WHO Estimate         7,113         7,214         7,419         7,552        10.7          9.4          8.5          7.6
Africa Eastern Africa Kenya CTS         1,200         1,084         1,106         1,102         1,215         1,907         1,926         2,271         2,374         2,450         2,305         2,261         2,363          3.4          3.0          3.0          2.9          3.1          4.7          4.7          5.3          5.4          5.5          5.0          4.8          4.9
Africa Eastern Africa Madagascar WHO Estimate         1,793         1,842         1,941         1,863        11.4        10.0          9.2          7.7
Africa Eastern Africa Malawi NP            700            900            567            300            411            200            821            690            780            320            520            343            279          6.2          7.7          4.7          2.4          3.2          1.5          6.1          5.0          5.5          2.2          3.4          2.2          1.7
Africa Eastern Africa Mauritius UNSDC/CTS/NSO             26             39             35             37             50             45             48             38             33             34             29             35             19             21             23          2.2          3.2          2.9          3.0          4.1          3.6          3.9          3.1          2.6          2.7          2.3          2.8          1.5          1.7          1.8
Africa Eastern Africa Mayotte NP             27               5             12        14.2          2.5          5.9
Africa Eastern Africa Mozambique WHO/SDG         1,100         1,040         1,044         1,130         1,089            894            849            995            823            875            849          5.9          5.4          5.3          5.6          5.2          4.1          3.8          4.4          3.5          3.6          3.4
Africa Eastern Africa Réunion NP             23             25             19             24             18             15          2.9          3.2          2.4          3.0          2.2          1.8
Africa Eastern Africa Rwanda NSO            319            268            144            291            256            359            428            293          3.5          2.8          1.5          2.8          2.4          3.2          3.8          2.5
Africa Eastern Africa Seychelles INTP/NSO             10               9               8               6             14               9             16               4             18             16               7             12        11.4        10.0          8.9          6.6        15.4          9.8        17.4          4.3        19.4        17.2          7.5        12.7
Africa Eastern Africa Somalia WHO Estimate            490            517            636            599          5.4          5.0          5.3          4.3
Africa Eastern Africa South Sudan NP         1,504        13.9
Africa Eastern Africa Uganda CTS/NP         2,136         2,049         2,492         2,696         2,645         2,793         3,233         3,160         3,753         4,066         3,857         4,473          8.0          7.4          8.7          9.1          8.6          8.8          9.9          9.3        10.7        11.2        10.3        11.5
Africa Eastern Africa United Republic of Tanzania INTP/CTS         2,778         2,926         3,888         4,149         4,092         3,697         3,902         3,746          7.5          7.6          8.4          8.7          8.3          7.3          7.5          7.0
Africa Eastern Africa Zambia UNSDC/WHO/NP            797            694            812            814            863            885            867            825            853          7.6          5.3          6.0          5.9          6.0          6.0          5.7          5.3          5.3
Africa Eastern Africa Zimbabwe WHO         1,529         1,623         1,360         1,356         1,350         1,072            711            981        12.4        13.0        10.8        10.6        10.4          8.2          5.0          6.7
Africa Middle Africa Angola NSO         1,055         1,217          4.4          4.8
Africa Middle Africa Cameroon NSO/SDG            459            755         1,031         1,002            776         1,277            999            835            880          3.0          4.8          6.4          6.1          4.1          6.6          5.0          4.1          4.2
Africa Middle Africa Central African Republic CTS            913        19.8
Africa Middle Africa Chad WHO Estimate            949         1,079         1,151         1,266        11.4        10.7          9.7          9.0
Africa Middle Africa Congo WHO Estimate            366            396            433            466        11.3        10.6          9.9          9.3
Africa Middle Africa Democratic Republic of the Congo WHO Estimate         6,617         8,021         9,213       10,322        14.1        14.6        14.3        13.5
Africa Middle Africa Equatorial Guinea WHO Estimate             20             22             25             27          3.3          2.9          2.6          2.3
Africa Middle Africa Gabon WHO Estimate            134            154            143            155        10.8        11.0          8.7          8.0
Africa Middle Africa Sao Tome and Principe CTS               4               4             14               5               6               6          2.5          2.5          8.4          2.9          3.4          3.4
Africa Northern Africa Algeria CTS            650            449            204            312            271            328            277            254            280            523            480            577            542          2.0          1.4          0.6          0.9          0.8          0.9          0.8          0.7          0.8          1.4          1.3          1.5          1.4
Africa Northern Africa Egypt CTS            471            322            522            549            680            967            912         1,839         2,703         2,207          0.6          0.4          0.7          0.7          0.9          1.2          1.1          2.2          3.1          2.5
Africa Northern Africa Libya WHO Estimate            198            212            192            156          3.7          3.7          3.1          2.5
Africa Northern Africa Morocco UNSDC/CTS            461            543            462            510            470            469            498            517            426            432            451            441            383            429            355            431          1.6          1.9          1.6          1.7          1.6          1.5          1.6          1.7          1.3          1.4          1.4          1.3          1.1          1.3          1.0          1.2
Africa Northern Africa Sudan CTS         1,511         1,702          4.7          5.2
Africa Northern Africa Tunisia WHO            195            260            249            273            280            255            286            332          1.9          2.6          2.4          2.7          2.7          2.4          2.7          3.0
Africa Southern Africa Botswana WHO            213            255            312            259            291            261            280            281            289            303        12.1        14.3        17.3        14.2        15.7        13.9        14.6        14.4        14.6        15.0
Africa Southern Africa Lesotho CTS/NSO            895            752            723            764            712            641            658            897        45.1        37.6        35.8        37.4        34.5        30.7        31.1        41.2
Africa Southern Africa Namibia NP/INTP            380            353            346            352            354            388            314            308            388        20.0        18.3        17.6        17.5        16.8        18.2        14.4        13.9        17.1
Africa Southern Africa South Africa NP       21,758       21,405       21,553       19,824       18,793       18,528       19,106       18,400       18,084       16,767       15,893       15,554       16,213       17,023       17,805       18,673       19,016        47.6        46.1        45.8        41.6        39.0        38.0        38.7        36.9        35.9        32.9        30.8        29.8        30.6        31.7        32.6        33.8        34.0
Africa Southern Africa Swaziland WHO            202            140            144            146            152            121            170            217            187            208        18.8        13.0        13.2        13.3        13.7        10.8        14.9        18.7        15.8        17.3
Africa Western Africa Benin WHO Estimate            502            574            604            654          7.3          7.2          6.6          6.2
Africa Western Africa Burkina Faso NSO             78             81             78             63             69             94            108             77             93             82             84            122            138             67          0.6          0.6          0.6          0.5          0.5          0.7          0.7          0.5          0.6          0.5          0.5          0.7          0.8          0.4
Africa Western Africa Cabo Verde NP/CTS             15             21             44             35             29             34             38             39             53             56             54             65             46             62          3.3          4.5          9.3          7.3          6.0          6.9          7.6          7.8        10.4        10.9        10.4        12.3          8.6        11.5
Africa Western Africa Côte d'Ivoire WHO Estimate         2,681         2,696         2,576         2,688        16.1        14.7        12.6        11.6
Africa Western Africa Gambia WHO Estimate            153            142            166            181        12.4          9.8          9.8          9.1
Africa Western Africa Ghana WHO            433            401            436            452            393            412            399            430            427            422            423          2.2          2.0          2.1          2.2          1.8          1.9          1.8          1.8          1.8          1.7          1.7
Africa Western Africa Guinea WHO Estimate            956            973         1,019         1,067        10.9        10.1          9.4          8.8
Africa Western Africa Guinea-Bissau WHO Estimate            162            161            163            169        13.0        11.7        10.5          9.5
Africa Western Africa Liberia UNMIL            100            177            145            129            161            135          2.8          4.8          3.8          3.3          4.0          3.2
Africa Western Africa Mali WHO Estimate         1,413         1,623         1,836         1,905        12.9        12.7        12.2        10.9
Africa Western Africa Mauritania WHO Estimate            371            388            392            416        13.7        12.4        10.9          9.9
Africa Western Africa Niger WHO            831            788          4.9          4.4
Africa Western Africa Nigeria WHO Estimate       15,605       16,423       16,996       17,843        12.8        11.8        10.7          9.8
Africa Western Africa Saint Helena NSO              -                -                -                -                 1              -                -                -                -                -             -             -             -             -          22.7           -             -             -             -             -  
Africa Western Africa Senegal WHO Estimate            984         1,047         1,099         1,105        10.0          9.3          8.5          7.4
Africa Western Africa Sierra Leone UNSDC/NP/SDG            112             99            101            134            184            158            163            187            113            124          2.1          1.7          1.7          2.2          3.0          2.5          2.5          2.8          1.7          1.7
Africa Western Africa Togo WHO Estimate            522            606            625            668        10.5        10.7          9.6          9.0
Americas Caribbean Anguilla NSO/SDG/PAHO               1              -                 2               2               1              -                 5               4               1               1              -                -                 5               1               4          9.0           -          17.1        16.6          8.1           -          38.8        30.4          7.5          7.4           -             -          35.4          7.0        27.7
Americas Caribbean Antigua and Barbuda OAS               5               7               5               5               4               3             11             17             16             16               6             10          6.0          8.2          5.8          5.7          4.5          3.4        12.2        18.6        17.3        17.1          6.3        10.3
Americas Caribbean Aruba MD               4               5               4               2               6               5               3               5               4               4               2               4               6               2          4.3          5.3          4.1          2.0          6.0          5.0          3.0          4.9          3.9          3.9          2.0          3.9          5.8          1.9
Americas Caribbean Bahamas OAS/CTS/NP             74             43             52             50             44             52             61             78             73             87             94            127            111            119            123            146            111        24.8        14.2        16.8        15.8        13.6        15.8        18.2        22.8        20.9        24.5        26.1        34.6        29.8        31.5        32.2        37.7        28.4
Americas Caribbean Barbados OAS/CTS             20             25             25             33             22             29             35             25             23             19             31             27             22             24             25             31          7.4          9.2          9.2        12.1          8.1        10.6        12.7          9.1          8.3          6.8        11.1          9.6          7.8          8.5          8.8        10.9
Americas Caribbean British Virgin Islands MD               1               1               2               4               2          4.7          4.6          9.1        17.7          8.4
Americas Caribbean Cayman Islands MD/WHO/NSO               4               2              -                 3               5               3               1               2               4               8               9               5               5          9.6          4.6           -            6.5        10.6          6.2          2.0          3.9          7.6        14.7        16.2          8.6          8.4
Americas Caribbean Cuba MD/MOH            587            605            661            642            660            684            576            568            515            565            505            534            621            674            600            619            572          5.3          5.4          5.9          5.7          5.9          6.1          5.1          5.0          4.6          5.0          4.5          4.7          5.5          5.9          5.2          5.4          5.0
Americas Caribbean Curaçao PAHO             10             39             43             41             26             18             26          7.7        30.3        33.6        32.0        20.1        13.6        19.2
Americas Caribbean Dominica UNSDC/OAS               2               1               9               8               8               8               5               7               7             13             15               6          2.9          1.4        12.9        11.4        11.4        11.3          7.1          9.9          9.8        18.3        21.0          8.4
Americas Caribbean Dominican Republic NGO/SES/CTS/RIC         1,210         1,095         1,279         1,902         2,239         2,394         2,144         2,111         2,394         2,375         2,474         2,513         2,268         1,978         1,810         1,616        14.1        12.6        14.5        21.2        24.6        25.9        22.9        22.2        24.8        24.3        25.0        25.1        22.3        19.2        17.4        15.2
Americas Caribbean Grenada OAS/CTS             15               6             14               9               6             11             12             11             16               7             10               4             14               6               8               6             11        14.8          5.9        13.7          8.8          5.8        10.7        11.6        10.6        15.4          6.7          9.6          3.8        13.3          5.7          7.5          5.6        10.2
Americas Caribbean Guadeloupe NP             26             23             24             29             32             36          6.0          5.2          5.4          6.5          7.2          8.0
Americas Caribbean Haiti OAS            486            498            598            677            914         1,033          5.1          5.1          6.1          6.8          9.0        10.0
Americas Caribbean Jamaica OAS/CTS            887         1,139         1,045            975         1,471         1,674         1,340         1,584         1,619         1,683         1,447         1,133         1,099         1,201         1,005         1,208         1,354        33.4        42.5        38.8        35.9        53.9        61.0        48.5        57.1        58.0        60.0        51.4        40.0        38.7        42.1        35.1        42.1        47.0
Americas Caribbean Martinique NP             19             19             23             23             17             11          4.8          4.8          5.8          5.8          4.3          2.8
Americas Caribbean Montserrat PAHO/WHO/MD              -                -                -                -                -                 1               1               1               1           -             -             -             -             -          20.9        20.6        20.4        19.9
Americas Caribbean Puerto Rico NP/NSO            695            747            781            787            797            771            748            730            815            901         1,017         1,164         1,004            902            700            619            679        18.3        19.7        20.6        20.8        21.1        20.5        19.9        19.5        21.8        24.2        27.4        31.4        27.2        24.5        19.0        16.8        18.5
Americas Caribbean Saint Kitts and Nevis OAS/CTS               3               6               5             10             11               8             17             16             23             27             21             34             18          6.6        13.0        10.7        21.1        22.9        16.5        34.5        32.1        45.7        53.1        40.8        65.4        34.2
Americas Caribbean Saint Lucia OAS/MD             23             34             42             36             37             41             43             29             39             39             44             46             39             33             34        14.7        21.5        26.3        22.4        22.8        25.0        26.0        17.3        23.0        22.8        25.5        26.5        22.3        18.8        19.3
Americas Caribbean Saint Vincent and the Grenadines OAS/CTS             20             12             20             18             29             26             20             40             16             23             25             21             28             40        18.5        11.1        18.5        16.6        26.7        23.9        18.4        36.7        14.7        21.1        22.9        19.2        25.6        36.5
Americas Caribbean Trinidad and Tobago OAS/CTS            120            151            171            229            260            386            371            391            547            507            473            352            380            408            405            420          9.5        11.9        13.4        17.8        20.1        29.8        28.5        29.9        41.6        38.4        35.6        26.4        28.3        30.3        29.9        30.9
Americas Caribbean Turks and Caicos Islands PAHO/MD              -                -                 2              -                -                 2               2               2               4               2           -             -            9.2           -             -            7.0          6.8          6.6        12.1          5.9
Americas Caribbean United States Virgin Islands MD             23             28             41             31             37             37             43             43             46             50             56             45             52        21.2        25.8        37.8        28.6        34.2        34.3        40.0        40.1        43.1        47.0        52.8        42.5        49.3
Americas Central America Belize OAS/CTS             41             64             87             67             79             81             92             97            103             97            129            124            145             99            123            119            138        16.6        25.1        33.2        24.9        28.6        28.6        31.6        32.5        33.6        30.9        40.1        37.7        43.1        28.8        35.0        33.1        37.6
Americas Central America Costa Rica UNSDC/MOJ/CTS            249            257            258            300            280            335            351            369            512            525            527            474            407            411            477            557            578          6.3          6.4          6.3          7.3          6.7          7.9          8.1          8.4        11.6        11.7        11.6        10.3          8.7          8.7        10.0        11.6        11.9
Americas Central America El Salvador OAS/CTS/RSC         3,551         3,590         2,835         3,356         3,897         3,882         3,927         3,497         3,179         4,382         3,987         4,371         2,594         2,513         3,921         6,656         5,257        60.5        60.8        47.7        56.2        64.9        64.4        64.8        57.5        52.0        71.4        64.7        70.6        41.7        40.2        62.4      105.4        82.8
Americas Central America Guatemala UNSDC/NP/CTS         2,904         3,230         3,631         4,237         4,507         5,338         5,885         5,781         6,292         6,498         5,960         5,681         5,155         5,253         4,998         4,778         4,520        24.9        27.1        29.7        33.9        35.2        40.8        43.9        42.2        44.9        45.4        40.7        38.0        33.8        33.7        31.4        29.4        27.3
Americas Central America Honduras OCAVI/NSO/CTS         3,176         3,488         3,623         4,073         3,639         3,212         3,118         3,588         4,455         5,280         6,236         7,104         7,172         6,431         5,891         5,148         5,150        48.7        52.1        52.8        57.9        50.5        43.6        41.3        46.5        56.6        65.7        76.1        85.1        84.3        74.3        66.9        57.5        56.5
Americas Central America Mexico NSO       10,737       10,285       10,088       10,087         9,329         9,921       10,452         8,867       14,006       19,803       25,757       27,213       25,967       23,063       20,010       20,762       24,559        10.6        10.0          9.7          9.5          8.7          9.1          9.5          7.9        12.3        17.1        22.0        22.9        21.5        18.8        16.1        16.5        19.3
Americas Central America Nicaragua NP            476            537            554            635            646            729            722            714            736            802            785            738            673            594            525            524            453          9.5        10.5        10.7        12.1        12.2        13.6        13.2        12.9        13.2        14.2        13.7        12.7        11.5        10.0          8.7          8.6          7.4
Americas Central America Panama NSO/CTS            299            306            376            337            308            364            221            279            493            562            460            549            637            663            568            447            390          9.9          9.9        11.9        10.5          9.4        10.9          6.5          8.1        14.0        15.7        12.6        14.8        16.9        17.3        14.5        11.3          9.7
Americas Northern America Bermuda NP/CTS              -                 3               1               2               1               2               3               3               5               6               7               8               6               5               4               4               8           -            4.7          1.5          3.1          1.5          3.1          4.6          4.6          7.7          9.3        10.9        12.6          9.5          8.0          6.4          6.5        13.0
Americas Northern America Canada OAS/CTS/SDG            546            554            582            549            625            664            608            597            614            610            556            606            548            509            521            604            611          1.8          1.8          1.9          1.7          2.0          2.1          1.9          1.8          1.8          1.8          1.6          1.8          1.6          1.4          1.5          1.7          1.7
Americas Northern America Greenland NSO             13             17             12               5             11             10               8               8               8             10             11               1               8               7               4               4               3        23.1        30.2        21.2          8.8        19.3        17.6        14.0        14.1        14.1        17.6        19.4          1.8        14.2        12.4          7.1          7.1          5.3
Americas Northern America Saint Pierre and Miquelon NP              -                -                 1               1           -             -          16.0        15.9
Americas Northern America United States of America NP/UNSDC/CTS       15,586       19,033       16,229       16,528       16,148       16,740       17,309       17,128       16,485       15,399       14,722       14,661       14,856       14,319       14,164       15,883       17,250          5.5          6.7          5.6          5.7          5.5          5.7          5.8          5.7          5.4          5.0          4.8          4.7          4.7          4.5          4.5          5.0          5.4
Americas South America Argentina CTS         3,227         2,837         2,605          7.5          6.5          5.9
Americas South America Bolivia (Plurinational State of) CTS            478            482            770            828            819         1,273         1,236         1,221            932            942            671            686          5.2          5.2          8.2          8.6          8.4        12.8        12.3        11.9          9.0          8.9          6.3          6.3
Americas South America Brazil MD Adjusted/NGO       41,595       43,975       45,585       46,828       44,379       43,645       45,086       44,625       45,885       44,518       43,272       48,084       53,054       54,163       57,091       58,459       61,283        23.7        24.7        25.3        25.7        24.0        23.3        23.9        23.4        23.8        22.8        22.0        24.2        26.5        26.8        28.0        28.4        29.5
Americas South America Chile CTS/OAS            513            576            590            616            588            630            541            636            434            556            638            534            620          3.2          3.6          3.6          3.7          3.5          3.7          3.2          3.7          2.5          3.2          3.6          3.0          3.5
Americas South America Colombia UNSDC/OAS/CTS       26,539       27,840       28,387       23,523       20,210       18,111       17,479       17,198       16,140       15,817       15,459       16,127       16,440       15,419       13,343       12,782       12,402        65.7        67.9        68.3        55.8        47.3        41.8        39.9        38.8        35.9        34.8        33.7        34.8        35.1        32.6        27.9        26.5        25.5
Americas South America Ecuador OAS/CTS         1,833         1,658         1,906         1,937         2,390         2,121         2,385         2,273         2,607         2,625         2,623         2,344         1,923         1,725         1,311         1,055            959        14.5        12.9        14.6        14.6        17.7        15.4        17.1        16.0        18.0        17.9        17.6        15.4        12.5        11.0          8.2          6.5          5.9
Americas South America French Guiana NP             58             45             42             28             32             30        29.6        22.1        19.9        12.9        14.4        13.2
Americas South America Guyana OAS/CTS/NSO             76             80            143            209            131            142            153            115            158            117            140            130            139            155            149            149            142        10.1        10.6        19.0        27.8        17.4        18.9        20.4        15.4        21.2        15.7        18.8        17.4        18.5        20.4        19.5        19.4        18.4
Americas South America Paraguay OAS/CTS            995         1,314         1,372         1,285         1,209            887            742            783            833            821            741            657            649            604            578            617        18.8        24.3        24.9        22.9        21.2        15.3        12.6        13.1        13.8        13.4        11.9        10.4        10.2          9.3          8.8          9.3
Americas South America Peru CTS         1,617         1,968         2,013         2,076         2,247         2,435          5.4          6.5          6.6          6.7          7.2          7.7
Americas South America Suriname OAS             68             79             57             60             46             69             62             45             43        14.4        16.5        11.8        12.3          9.3        13.8        12.3          8.8          8.3
Americas South America Uruguay MOI/CTS            214            218            231            197            200            190            202            194            221            226            205            199            267            260            268            293            265          6.4          6.6          6.9          5.9          6.0          5.7          6.1          5.8          6.6          6.7          6.1          5.9          7.9          7.6          7.8          8.5          7.7
Americas South America Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) UNSDC/NGO/OAS/AG         8,022         7,960         9,617       11,342         9,719         9,964       12,257       13,156       14,589       13,985       13,080       14,098       16,072       19,030       17,778        32.8        31.9        37.8        43.8        36.9        37.2        45.0        47.5        51.8        48.9        45.1        47.8        53.8        61.9        56.3
Asia Central Asia Kazakhstan* TSMNEE/CTS         2,325         2,160         1,967         1,991         2,091         1,807         1,771         1,387         1,420         1,266         1,120            904            853        15.4        14.4        13.0        13.1        13.6        11.3        10.9          8.5          8.5          7.5          6.5          5.2          4.8
Asia Central Asia Kyrgyzstan UNECE/CTS            430            386            411            421            420            419            422            426            429            419         1,072            494            301            206            216            304            267          8.7          7.8          8.2          8.4          8.3          8.3          8.2          8.2          8.2          7.8        19.8          9.0          5.4          3.6          3.7          5.2          4.5
Asia Central Asia Tajikistan TSMNEE/CTS            283            233            180            164            142            157            194            132            100             97            181            126          4.6          3.7          2.8          2.5          2.1          2.3          2.8          1.8          1.4          1.3          2.4          1.6
Asia Central Asia Turkmenistan TSMNEE            267            248            241            233            209            206            203          5.9          5.4          5.2          5.0          4.4          4.3          4.2
Asia Central Asia Uzbekistan TSMNEE/NSO         1,068         1,081         1,058            963            962            910            861            815            831          4.3          4.3          4.1          3.7          3.7          3.4          3.2          3.0          3.0
Asia Eastern Asia China NSO Adjusted/NSO       26,858       25,939       26,276       24,393       24,711       20,770       17,973       16,119       14,811       14,667       13,410       12,015       11,286       10,640       10,083         9,200         8,634          2.1          2.0          2.0          1.9          1.9          1.6          1.4          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.0          0.9          0.8          0.8          0.7          0.7          0.6
Asia Eastern Asia China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region UNSDC/NP/CTS             38             66             69             52             45             34             35             18             36             47             35             17             27             62             27             22             28          0.6          1.0          1.0          0.8          0.7          0.5          0.5          0.3          0.5          0.7          0.5          0.2          0.4          0.9          0.4          0.3          0.4
Asia Eastern Asia China, Macao Special Administrative Region NP/CTS             10               8               2               8               4               4             10               6               4               6               2               4               4               1              -                 1               1          2.3          1.8          0.4          1.7          0.8          0.8          2.0          1.2          0.8          1.1          0.4          0.7          0.7          0.2           -            0.2          0.2
Asia Eastern Asia China, Taiwan Province of China SDG            306            228            176            191            181            179            179            168            192          1.4          1.0          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.7          0.8
Asia Eastern Asia Democratic People's Republic of Korea### WHO Estimate         1,521         1,206         1,179         1,110          6.6          5.0          4.8          4.4
Asia Eastern Asia Japan SDG/CTS            678            697            662            697            699            643            619            574            654            506            465            442            429            370            395            363            362          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.5          0.4          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3
Asia Eastern Asia Mongolia CTS            343            333            398            336            293            212            219            239            266            199            205            213            184            171        13.9        13.3        15.8        13.1        11.3          8.1          8.2          8.8          9.6          7.1          7.1          7.3          6.2          5.7
Asia Eastern Asia Republic of Korea UNSDC/NP/CTS            427            411            342            372            365            356          0.9          0.8          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7
Asia South-Eastern Asia Brunei Darussalam WHO/MD               4               3               2               2               3               3               1               3               1               1               4               2          1.2          0.8          0.6          0.5          0.8          0.8          0.3          0.8          0.3          0.3          1.0          0.5
Asia South-Eastern Asia Cambodia JP/WHO            571            407            425            509            511            448            400            393            333            331            331            268          4.7          3.3          3.4          4.0          3.9          3.4          3.0          2.9          2.4          2.3          2.3          1.8
Asia South-Eastern Asia Indonesia UNSDC/INTP/CTS         2,204         1,635         1,419         1,372         1,311         1,058         1,467         1,456         1,386         1,277         1,491         1,292          1.0          0.7          0.6          0.6          0.5          0.4          0.6          0.6          0.5          0.5          0.6          0.5
Asia South-Eastern Asia Lao People's Democratic Republic WHO Estimate            572            553            502            467        10.7          9.6          8.0          7.0
Asia South-Eastern Asia Malaysia UNSDC/WHO/NP            551            517            565            565            497            604            588            652            597            561            540            530            602            627          2.4          2.2          2.3          2.3          2.0          2.4          2.2          2.4          2.2          2.0          1.9          1.9          2.1          2.1
Asia South-Eastern Asia Myanmar NSO/CTS         1,041            916            814            764            743            676            777            749            791            879            801         1,055         1,436         1,238         1,230         1,152         1,198          2.3          2.0          1.7          1.6          1.5          1.4          1.6          1.5          1.6          1.8          1.6          2.1          2.8          2.4          2.4          2.2          2.3
Asia South-Eastern Asia Philippines* UNSDC/CTS/NSO         5,735         5,852         6,553         6,436         6,344         6,434         6,200         5,962         5,820         9,088         8,897         8,674         8,484         9,153         9,756         9,643       11,385          7.4          7.3          8.1          7.8          7.5          7.5          7.1          6.7          6.4          9.9          9.5          9.1          8.8          9.3          9.7          9.5        11.0
Asia South-Eastern Asia Singapore UNSDC/NP/CTS             37             30             22             24             21             21             17             18             27             20             19             16             11             17             14             14             18          0.9          0.7          0.5          0.6          0.5          0.5          0.4          0.4          0.6          0.4          0.4          0.3          0.2          0.3          0.3          0.3          0.3
Asia South-Eastern Asia Thailand NP/CTS         5,142         5,020         4,538         6,434         4,273         4,806         4,687         4,435         3,974         3,703         3,654         3,307         3,323         2,894         2,649         2,387         2,229          8.2          7.9          7.1        10.0          6.6          7.3          7.1          6.7          6.0          5.5          5.4          4.9          4.9          4.2          3.9          3.5          3.2
Asia South-Eastern Asia Timor-Leste UNMIT/NSO             23             46             49             62             35             32             39             49          2.3          4.5          4.7          5.8          3.2          2.9          3.5          3.9
Asia South-Eastern Asia Viet Nam WHO         1,004         1,067         1,059         1,063         1,053         1,048         1,168         1,092         1,233         1,336         1,358          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.4          1.3          1.4          1.5          1.5
Asia Southern Asia Afghanistan NSO         1,115            983         1,231         1,948          4.0          3.4          4.1          6.3
Asia Southern Asia Bangladesh NP         3,343         3,678         3,503         3,471         3,902         3,592         4,166         3,863         4,099         4,219         3,988         3,966         4,114         4,393         4,514         4,035          2.5          2.7          2.6          2.5          2.8          2.5          2.9          2.6          2.8          2.8          2.6          2.6          2.6          2.8          2.8          2.5
Asia Southern Asia Bhutan NSO/CTS             18             19             19               5             15             11               9             14             18             16             16             32             33             24             12               9          3.1          3.2          3.1          0.8          2.3          1.7          1.3          2.0          2.6          2.2          2.2          4.3          4.4          3.1          1.5          1.1
Asia Southern Asia India MOI       51,344       49,403       48,711       44,331       46,490       45,095       45,099       45,362       45,999       45,824       46,460       47,640       47,478       45,878       47,356       44,385       42,678          4.9          4.6          4.5          4.0          4.1          3.9          3.9          3.8          3.8          3.8          3.8          3.8          3.8          3.6          3.7          3.4          3.2
Asia Southern Asia Iran (Islamic Republic of) CTS/NSO/MD         1,803         2,015         2,215         2,037         1,936          2.6          2.9          3.0          2.6          2.5
Asia Southern Asia Maldives UNSDC/CTS               7               8               4               3               5               6               6               3             10               3          2.4          2.7          1.3          0.9          1.4          1.7          1.6          0.8          2.6          0.8
Asia Southern Asia Nepal NSO/CTS            635            848            858            757            936            878            610            841            892            806            813            679            642            606            558            627          2.7          3.5          3.5          3.0          3.7          3.4          2.4          3.2          3.4          3.0          3.0          2.5          2.3          2.2          2.0          2.2
Asia Southern Asia Pakistan NSO         8,906         9,593         9,466         9,346         9,614         9,782       10,048       10,556       12,059       12,491       13,190       13,860       13,846       13,937       13,276         9,486         8,516          6.4          6.8          6.5          6.3          6.4          6.4          6.4          6.6          7.4          7.5          7.7          8.0          7.8          7.7          7.2          5.0          4.4
Asia Southern Asia Sri Lanka* CTS/NP         1,310         1,377         1,219         2,044         2,002         1,099            763            732            676            619            553            487            530          6.8          7.1          6.2        10.4        10.0          5.5          3.8          3.6          3.3          3.0          2.7          2.4          2.5
Asia Western Asia Armenia TSMNEE/CTS             91             88             69             76             83             58             79             77             97             97             56             71             65             63             72             75             87          3.0          2.9          2.3          2.5          2.8          1.9          2.7          2.6          3.3          3.4          1.9          2.5          2.3          2.2          2.5          2.6          3.0
Asia Western Asia Azerbaijan UNSDC/CTS            226            218            212            183            201            192            190            189            192            206            202            221            236            208          2.8          2.7          2.6          2.2          2.4          2.2          2.2          2.2          2.2          2.3          2.2          2.4          2.5          2.1
Asia Western Asia Bahrain UNSDC/CTS/NP/MD               9               8               3               7               4               7               4               6             13             11               7               4               5               7          1.3          1.1          0.4          0.8          0.4          0.7          0.4          0.5          1.1          0.9          0.5          0.3          0.4          0.5
Asia Western Asia Cyprus EUR/UNSDC/CTS               8               7               2             14             16             20             15             13               9             19               8               9             22             12             11             15             13          0.8          0.7          0.2          1.4          1.6          1.9          1.4          1.2          0.8          1.7          0.7          0.8          1.9          1.0          1.0          1.3          1.1
Asia Western Asia Georgia UNSDC/TSMNEE/CTS            239            263            292            302            298            403            323            330            263            210            187            108             39          5.1          5.6          6.3          6.6          6.6          9.0          7.3          7.5          6.1          4.9          4.4          2.7          1.0
Asia Western Asia Iraq** CTS         4,596         2,554         2,691         2,634         2,697         3,339        15.8          8.5          8.7          8.3          8.2          9.9
Asia Western Asia Iraq (Central Iraq)** CTS         4,452         2,458         2,553         2,518         2,594         3,228         3,029        17.9          9.6          9.7          9.3          9.2        11.1        10.1
Asia Western Asia Iraq (Kurdistan Region)** CTS            144             96            138            116            103            111          3.3          2.2          3.0          2.5          2.1          2.2
Asia Western Asia Israel NSO/CTS/SDG            147            223            227            195            173            166            182            125            136            128            145            151            134            118            110          2.4          3.6          3.6          3.1          2.7          2.5          2.7          1.8          1.9          1.8          2.0          2.0          1.7          1.5          1.4
Asia Western Asia Jordan CTS/SDG/NP             67            100            112            120            102            116            141            161            144            176            159            145          1.2          1.7          1.8          1.8          1.5          1.6          1.9          2.0          1.7          2.0          1.7          1.5
Asia Western Asia Kuwait UNSDC/NP/CTS             39             23             29             43             41             45             59             38             49             60             59             61          1.8          1.1          1.3          1.9          1.8          1.9          2.4          1.4          1.7          2.0          1.8          1.8
Asia Western Asia Lebanon CTS            183            145            163            168            194            236            240            231            235          4.5          3.5          3.8          3.7          3.9          4.5          4.3          3.9          4.0
Asia Western Asia Oman NSO             28             35             42             53            121             37             47             37             48             34             39             97             26          1.2          1.5          1.7          2.1          4.7          1.4          1.7          1.3          1.6          1.1          1.1          2.6          0.7
Asia Western Asia Qatar UNSDC/MD               1               5               5               6               5               9             12               8               4               4               7               9               9          0.2          0.8          0.7          0.7          0.5          0.8          0.9          0.5          0.2          0.2          0.3          0.4          0.4
Asia Western Asia Saudi Arabia NSO/CTS            173            229            285            250            301            297            255            265            472          0.8          1.1          1.3          1.1          1.3          1.2          1.0          1.0          1.5
Asia Western Asia State of Palestine CTS/SDG             94             96             86             48             44             32             24             26             24             35             45             33          2.7          2.7          2.4          1.2          1.1          0.8          0.6          0.6          0.5          0.8          1.0          0.7
Asia Western Asia Syrian Arab Republic NSO            357            376            368            405            426            430            446            533            529            476            463          2.2          2.2          2.2          2.3          2.4          2.4          2.4          2.7          2.6          2.3          2.2
Asia Western Asia Turkey CTS         2,837         2,914         3,305         3,168         3,599         3,257         3,692         3,064         3,061         3,216          4.3          4.3          4.9          4.6          5.2          4.6          5.2          4.2          4.2          4.3
Asia Western Asia United Arab Emirates CTS             45             27             56             39             67             51             69             57             61             60             83          1.2          0.7          1.2          0.7          0.8          0.6          0.8          0.6          0.7          0.7          0.9
Asia Western Asia Yemen UNSDC/NSO/CTS            697            704            646            945            895            850            874            990         1,099         1,375         1,616         1,703          3.9          3.6          3.2          4.6          4.2          3.9          3.9          4.3          4.7          5.7          6.5          6.7
Europe Eastern Europe Belarus UNSDC/CTS         1,013            969            989            879            815            825            734            649            541            487            401            373            340            333            340        10.2          9.8        10.1          9.0          8.4          8.6          7.7          6.8          5.7          5.1          4.2          3.9          3.6          3.5          3.6
Europe Eastern Europe Bulgaria UNSDC/EUR/CTS            332            308            255            247            244            199            186            177            172            150            148            128            141            109            116            129             81          4.2          3.9          3.2          3.2          3.2          2.6          2.4          2.3          2.3          2.0          2.0          1.7          1.9          1.5          1.6          1.8          1.1
Europe Eastern Europe Czechia UNSDC/CTS            181            142            149            163            134            108            130            126            114             94            103             86            105             90             81             88             65          1.8          1.4          1.5          1.6          1.3          1.1          1.3          1.2          1.1          0.9          1.0          0.8          1.0          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.6
Europe Eastern Europe Hungary UNSDC/CTS            205            254            203            228            209            164            174            154            181            139            138            145            124            154            146            221            202          2.0          2.5          2.0          2.2          2.1          1.6          1.7          1.5          1.8          1.4          1.4          1.5          1.3          1.6          1.5          2.3          2.1
Europe Eastern Europe Poland# EUR/UNSDC/CTS            855            776            716            662            633            555            490            525            460            493            436            449            377            296            282            287            256          2.2          2.0          1.9          1.7          1.6          1.4          1.3          1.4          1.2          1.3          1.1          1.2          1.0          0.8          0.7          0.8          0.7
Europe Eastern Europe Republic of Moldova UNSDC/CTS            433            411            401            319            277            296            262            217            236            246            267            304            229            169            130        10.3          9.8          9.6          7.6          6.6          7.1          6.3          5.3          5.7          6.0          6.5          7.5          5.6          4.2          3.2
Europe Eastern Europe Romania# SDG/UNSDC/CTS            581            597            563            551            516            453            438            416            470            397            404            335            378            336            298            291            247          2.6          2.7          2.6          2.5          2.4          2.1          2.1          2.0          2.3          1.9          2.0          1.7          1.9          1.7          1.5          1.5          1.2
Europe Eastern Europe Russian Federation## NSO/CTS       41,090       42,921       44,252       41,764       39,256       35,636       28,844       25,377       23,738       21,371       15,763       16,260       16,519       15,561        28.1        29.4        30.5        28.9        27.3        24.8        20.1        17.7        16.6        14.9        11.0        11.3        11.5        10.8
Europe Eastern Europe Slovakia SDG            129            118            121            137            108             93             82             82             86             78             82             88             63             71             69             44             57          2.4          2.2          2.2          2.5          2.0          1.7          1.5          1.5          1.6          1.4          1.5          1.6          1.2          1.3          1.3          0.8          1.0
Europe Eastern Europe Ukraine UNSDC/TSMNEE/CTS/DMDB         4,418         4,854         4,296         4,041         3,487         3,030         2,958         2,646         2,466         2,240         1,988         2,336         2,845          9.0        10.0          9.0          8.5          7.4          6.5          6.3          5.7          5.3          4.9          4.3          5.2          6.3
Europe Northern Europe Channel Islands NP               1               2               1              -            0.6          1.3          0.6           -  
Europe Northern Europe Denmark UNSDC/CTS             58             52             56             65             43             53             29             39             54             47             42             46             47             48             73             56             56          1.1          1.0          1.0          1.2          0.8          1.0          0.5          0.7          1.0          0.9          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.9          1.3          1.0          1.0
Europe Northern Europe Estonia UNSDC/EUR/CTS            143            137            142            147             91            113             91             96             86             70             70             65             63             52             41             42        10.2          9.8        10.3        10.7          6.7          8.3          6.7          7.1          6.4          5.2          5.3          4.9          4.8          3.9          3.1          3.2
Europe Northern Europe Finland UNSDC/CTS            148            156            132            103            148            119            119            129            133            120            119            110             88             89             88             82             78          2.9          3.0          2.5          2.0          2.8          2.3          2.3          2.4          2.5          2.2          2.2          2.0          1.6          1.6          1.6          1.5          1.4
Europe Northern Europe Iceland UNSDC/CTS               5               1               4              -                 3               3              -                 2              -                 1               2               3               1               1               2               3               1          1.8          0.4          1.4           -            1.0          1.0           -            0.7           -            0.3          0.6          0.9          0.3          0.3          0.6          0.9          0.3
Europe Northern Europe Ireland NP/NSO/CTS             37             52             52             37             30             52             62             78             50             56             53             42             53             52             52             29             38          1.0          1.3          1.3          0.9          0.7          1.2          1.4          1.8          1.1          1.2          1.1          0.9          1.1          1.1          1.1          0.6          0.8
Europe Northern Europe Isle of Man NP               1               2               2               3               1              -            1.2          2.5          2.4          3.6          1.2           -  
Europe Northern Europe Latvia UNSDC/CTS            238            219            214            202            181            126            128             94             99            108             70             69             70             50             64             67        10.0          9.3          9.2          8.8          7.9          5.6          5.8          4.3          4.6          5.0          3.3          3.3          3.4          2.5          3.2          3.4
Europe Northern Europe Lithuania UNSDC/CTS            370            353            293            344            343            372            288            277            298            252            219            211            202            198            159            172            153        10.6        10.2          8.5        10.1        10.1        11.1          8.7          8.5          9.3          8.0          7.0          6.9          6.7          6.6          5.4          5.9          5.2
Europe Northern Europe Norway SDG/EUR/CTS             48             37             46             51             36             33             33             30             34             29             29            111             27             46             29             24             27          1.1          0.8          1.0          1.1          0.8          0.7          0.7          0.6          0.7          0.6          0.6          2.2          0.5          0.9          0.6          0.5          0.5
Europe Northern Europe Sweden NCCP/CTS             96             87            101             85            107             83             91            111             82             93             91             81             68             87             87            112            106          1.1          1.0          1.1          0.9          1.2          0.9          1.0          1.2          0.9          1.0          1.0          0.9          0.7          0.9          0.9          1.1          1.1
Europe Northern Europe United Kingdom (England and Wales) UNSDC/SDG/CTS            764            793            944            775            779            708            710            729            639            595            633            526            543            521            511            568            709          1.5          1.5          1.8          1.5          1.5          1.3          1.3          1.3          1.2          1.1          1.1          0.9          1.0          0.9          0.9          1.0          1.2
Europe Northern Europe United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) SDG/CTS             45             57             38             42             34             31             30             29             24             29             23             22             21             20             17             23             18          2.7          3.4          2.2          2.5          2.0          1.8          1.7          1.6          1.3          1.6          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.1          0.9          1.2          1.0
Europe Northern Europe United Kingdom (Scotland) SDG/CTS            106            116            125            109            137             95            120            115             99             82            100             93             63             62             62             58             64          2.1          2.3          2.5          2.2          2.7          1.9          2.3          2.2          1.9          1.6          1.9          1.8          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.1          1.2
Europe Northern Europe United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland CTS            915            966         1,107            926            950            834            860            873            762            706            756            641            627            603            590            649            791          1.6          1.6          1.9          1.6          1.6          1.4          1.4          1.4          1.2          1.1          1.2          1.0          1.0          0.9          0.9          1.0          1.2
Europe Southern Europe Albania MD/CTS            131            220            216            166            131            154             95            105             93             85            127            142            157            124            117             66             79          4.2          7.0          6.9          5.3          4.2          5.0          3.1          3.5          3.1          2.9          4.3          4.9          5.4          4.2          4.0          2.3          2.7
Europe Southern Europe Andorra INTP/CTS               1              -                 1              -                -                 1              -                -                -                -            1.3           -            1.2           -             -            1.2           -             -             -             -  
Europe Southern Europe Bosnia and Herzegovina UNECE/INTP/CTS             99             82             90             68             70             73             66             66             71             56             51             63             46             50             57             45          2.6          2.2          2.4          1.8          1.9          1.9          1.7          1.8          1.9          1.5          1.4          1.7          1.3          1.4          1.6          1.3
Europe Southern Europe Croatia MOI/CTS            101             81             73             69             83             68             74             62             71             49             62             49             51             46             36             37             44          2.3          1.8          1.7          1.6          1.9          1.6          1.7          1.4          1.6          1.1          1.4          1.1          1.2          1.1          0.8          0.9          1.0
Europe Southern Europe Gibraltar NP              -                 1           -            3.0
Europe Southern Europe Greece EUR/CTS            132             94            122            111            132            110            130            144            152            176            184            166            153            107             93             84          1.2          0.8          1.1          1.0          1.2          1.0          1.1          1.3          1.3          1.5          1.6          1.5          1.4          0.9          0.8          0.8
Europe Southern Europe Holy See CTS              -                -                -                -                -                -                -             -             -             -             -             -             -             -  
Europe Southern Europe Italy UNSDC/CTS            766            709            644            719            714            610            625            631            615            590            529            552            530            502            475            469            400          1.3          1.2          1.1          1.2          1.2          1.0          1.1          1.1          1.0          1.0          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.8          0.8          0.8          0.7
Europe Southern Europe Kosovo under UNSCR 1244 CTS            113             73            106             62             90             41             41             30             29          6.5          4.1          6.0          3.5          5.0          2.2          2.3          1.7          1.6
Europe Southern Europe Malta EUR/UNSDC/CTS               4               6               6              -                 7               4              -                 4               6               4               4               3             12               7               6               4          1.0          1.5          1.5           -            1.7          1.0           -            1.0          1.5          1.0          1.0          0.7          2.9          1.7          1.4          0.9
Europe Southern Europe Montenegro EUR/CTS             27             20             14             22             25             12             24             21             15             21             17             10             20             17             28          4.4          3.3          2.3          3.6          4.0          1.9          3.9          3.4          2.4          3.4          2.7          1.6          3.2          2.7          4.5
Europe Southern Europe Portugal EUR/CTS/SDG            116            105            119            149            144            135            155            185            124            130            124            114            122            144             92            100             66          1.1          1.0          1.1          1.4          1.4          1.3          1.5          1.7          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.1          1.2          1.4          0.9          1.0          0.6
Europe Southern Europe San Marino WHO              -                -                 1              -                -                -                -                -                -                -                -                -             -             -            3.6           -             -             -             -             -             -             -             -             -  
Europe Southern Europe Serbia EUR/CTS            228            243            200            176            164            147            156            171            140            154            130            135            111            142            120            104            123          2.4          2.6          2.1          1.9          1.8          1.6          1.7          1.9          1.5          1.7          1.4          1.5          1.2          1.6          1.4          1.2          1.4
Europe Southern Europe Slovenia UNSDC/CTS/SDG             36             28             36             21             27             20             12             24             10             13             15             16             14             12             17             20             10          1.8          1.4          1.8          1.1          1.4          1.0          0.6          1.2          0.5          0.6          0.7          0.8          0.7          0.6          0.8          1.0          0.5
Europe Southern Europe Spain EUR/CTS            553            577            564            587            520            518            476            482            407            412            401            385            364            302            323            302            294          1.4          1.4          1.3          1.4          1.2          1.2          1.1          1.1          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.8          0.8          0.6          0.7          0.7          0.6
Europe Southern Europe The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia UNSDC/EUR/CTS             47             55             60             70             49             44             46             42             35             35             43             30             29             22             33          2.3          2.7          2.9          3.4          2.4          2.1          2.2          2.0          1.7          1.7          2.1          1.4          1.4          1.1          1.6
Europe Western Europe Austria EUR/UNSDC/CTS             82             70             65             50             59             54             61             45             58             51             58             75             79             62             45             46             57          1.0          0.9          0.8          0.6          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.5          0.7          0.6          0.7          0.9          0.9          0.7          0.5          0.5          0.7
Europe Western Europe Belgium# EUR/CTS            212            282            319            230            268            221            221            211            203            189            189            214            205            205            208            220          2.1          2.7          3.1          2.2          2.6          2.1          2.1          2.0          1.9          1.7          1.7          1.9          1.8          1.8          1.9          1.9
Europe Western Europe France UNSDC/EUR/CTS         1,051         1,047         1,119            987            990            976            879            993         1,021            819            796            856            784            777            792         1,017            875          1.8          1.7          1.9          1.6          1.6          1.6          1.4          1.6          1.6          1.3          1.3          1.4          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.6          1.4
Europe Western Europe Germany UNSDC/CTS         1,015            925            955            859            868            869            808            757            722            803            793            738            659            682            716            682            963          1.2          1.1          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.0          0.9          0.9          1.0          1.0          0.9          0.8          0.8          0.9          0.8          1.2
Europe Western Europe Liechtenstein EUR/CTS              -                -                -                -                 1              -                -                -                 1              -                 1              -                -                -                 1              -                -             -             -             -             -            2.9           -             -             -            2.8           -            2.8           -             -             -            2.7           -             -  
Europe Western Europe Luxembourg EUR/UNECE/CTS               4               9               6               3               2               4               7               7               8               5             10               4              -                 1               4          0.9          2.0          1.4          0.7          0.4          0.9          1.5          1.5          1.6          1.0          2.0          0.8           -            0.2          0.7
Europe Western Europe Monaco UNSDC/CTS               1               1               1               1              -                -                -                -                -                -                -                -            3.1          3.0          3.0          2.9           -             -             -             -             -             -             -             -  
Europe Western Europe Netherlands NSO/CTS            180            202            195            202            191            174            128            143            150            154            144            143            145            125            123            104             94          1.1          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.1          0.8          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.9          0.7          0.7          0.6          0.6
Europe Western Europe Switzerland UNSDC/EUR/CTS             69             86             86             73             78             75             60             51             54             51             52             46             45             57             41             57             45          1.0          1.2          1.2          1.0          1.1          1.0          0.8          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.7          0.6          0.6          0.7          0.5          0.7          0.5
Oceania Australia and New Zealand Australia EUR/CTS/UNSDC            362            347            366            341            302            259            281            255            261            263            231            248            243            245            243            236            227          1.9          1.8          1.9          1.7          1.5          1.3          1.4          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.0          1.1          1.1          1.1          1.0          1.0          0.9
Oceania Australia and New Zealand New Zealand# NP/CTS             52             51             60             44             45             61             49             48             51             67             43             39             41             46             45          1.3          1.3          1.5          1.1          1.1          1.5          1.2          1.1          1.2          1.5          1.0          0.9          0.9          1.0          1.0
Oceania Melanesia Fiji INTP/NSO             25             23             23             22             21             17             29             20             20             20             19             20          3.1          2.8          2.8          2.7          2.5          2.0          3.4          2.3          2.3          2.3          2.2          2.3
Oceania Melanesia New Caledonia NP               8             12             11               8          3.4          5.0          4.5          3.2
Oceania Melanesia Papua New Guinea UNSDC/NP            465            610            520          8.3          9.4          7.8
Oceania Melanesia Solomon Islands CTS             20             26             23             26             19          4.4          5.5          4.8          5.3          3.8
Oceania Melanesia Vanuatu WHO Estimate               5               5               5               6          2.9          2.5          2.3          2.1
Oceania Micronesia Guam NP               2               8               2               8               9               7             11               1               1               5               3               4          1.3          5.1          1.3          5.1          5.7          4.4          6.9          0.6          0.6          3.1          1.9          2.5
Oceania Micronesia Kiribati MD/WHO               3               4               7               1               4             11               8          3.6          4.7          7.1          1.0          3.9        10.5          7.5
Oceania Micronesia Micronesia (Federated States of) WHO Estimate               4               5               5               5          4.0          4.6          4.5          4.7
Oceania Micronesia Nauru WHO Estimate              -             -  
Oceania Micronesia Palau WHO Estimate               1          3.1
Oceania Polynesia American Samoa NSO/SDG               1               7               3               4               6               4               1               3               2               5               5               2               3               3               4               3          1.7        11.9          5.1          6.7        10.1          6.8          1.7          5.3          3.6          9.0          9.0          3.6          5.4          5.4          7.2          5.4
Oceania Polynesia Cook Islands SDG               1          3.5
Oceania Polynesia French Polynesia NP               3               7               9               1          1.2          2.7          3.4          0.4
Oceania Polynesia Niue WHO Estimate              -             -  
Oceania Polynesia Samoa WHO             16             16               6          8.7          8.6          3.1
Oceania Polynesia Tonga NP               1               6               6               6               2               4               8               1               4               8               1               2               1          1.0          6.1          6.0          6.0          2.0          4.0          7.9          1.0          3.9          7.7          1.0          1.9          1.0
Oceania Polynesia Tuvalu WHO              -                -                -                -                -                -                -                -                 1               1               2           -             -             -             -             -             -             -             -            9.5          9.4        18.6
Indicator Definition: Definitions: "Intentional Homicide" means unlawful death inflicted upon a person with the intent to cause death or serious injury. 
Notes
* Kazakhstan, Philippines, Sri Lanka: Changes in definitions and/or counting rules are reported by the Member State to indicate a break in the time series.
** Iraq (Central Iraq) and Iraq (Kurdistan Region): excluding victims of terrorist attacks.
# Belgium, Romania: Data refer to offences, not victims, of intentional homicide; New Zealand: Data for 2000-2006 refer to offences, data for 2007 onwards refer to victims of intentional homicide; Poland: Data refer to offences of intentional homicide until 2015, then victims
## Russian Federation: Data for 2000-2009 are from WHO; break in series; data from 2013-2016 are from the Prosecutor-General of the Russian Federation and include victims of attempted homicide
### Democratic People's Republic of Korea: In the absence of other data, the estimate provided by WHO is reproduced here. Please note that the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is not in agreement with the WHO estimate.
Source Code Source Label
ABSP Anuario Brasileiro de Seguranca Publica
AG Attorney General
CTS United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (UN-CTS)
DMDB European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB)
EUR Eurostat
GEN User Generated
GEO Gender Equality Observatory for Latin America and the Caribbean
GHD Estimate Global Health Data Exchange (GHDx, IHME)
GOV Government
IHME Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation
INTP International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO; Interpol)
JP Judicial police
MD World Health Organization Mortality Database
MNS Ministry of National Security
MNTH United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
MOH Ministry of Health
MOI Ministry of Interior
MOJ Ministry of Justice
MSCO United Nations Stabilization Mission in the DR Congo (MONUSCO)
NBHW National Board of Health and Welfare
NCCP National Council for Crime Prevention
NGO Non-governmental Organization
NIFM National Institute of Forensic Medicine
NP National Police
NSO National Statistical Organization
OAS Organization of American States (OAS)
OCAVI Observatorio Centroamericano sobre Violencia (OCAVI)
PAHO Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
PPR Public Prosecution
RIC Regional System of Standardized Indicators in Peaceful Coexistence and Citizen Security (IDB)
RSC Research Center
SDG Sustainable Development Goals
SES Sistema Regional de Indicadores Estandarizados en Convivencia y Seguridad Ciudadana (SES)
SO Statistical Organization
TSMNEE Transformative Monitoring for Enhanced Equity (TransMonEE)
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE)
UNMIT United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT)
UNMIL United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL)
UNODC United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
UNSDC UNODC Special Data Collection
VAL Validated
WHO World Health Organization (WHO)
WPP World Population Prospects 2017
Adjusted Obtained based on an adjusted value from an external source
Attempt Indicates that the data may include attempted homicides
_N Indicates data obtained in the 2017 search for external sources
CTS_N Indicates that the disaggregation was partially or completely updated with data from the CTS 2017
Source

Homicide Statistics

Source:  United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNODC Homicide Statistics provide users with a reference for the largest number of countries and the longest time series on homicide data possible. A variety of national and international sources on homicide have been considered to compile UNODC Homicide Statistics and, in order to present accurate and comparable statistics, data have been selected which conform as much as possible to the definition of intentional homicide used by UNODC for statistical purpose: ‘‘unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person”. All existing data sources on intentional homicides, both at national and international level, stem from either criminal justice or public health systems. In the former case, data are generated by law enforcement or criminal justice authorities in the process of recording and investigating a crime event while, in the latter, data are produced by health authorities certifying the cause of death of an individual. Public health data on homicides were derived from databases on deaths by cause disseminated by WHO, both at central level and through some of its regional offices. Data included in the dataset correspond to the original value provided by the source of origin, since no statistical procedure or modelling was used to change collected values or to create new or revised figures.
Last update in UNdata: 2019/04/01
Next update in UNdata: 2020/04/01