Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback
HDI rank Human Development Index (HDI) Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index Inequality-adjusted education index Inequality-adjusted income index Quintile income ratio Income Gini coefficient
Value Value Overall loss (%) Difference in ranks Value Loss (%) Value Loss (%) Value Loss (%)
2012 2012 2012 2012 a 2012 2012 2012 b 2012 2012 b 2012 2000-2010 c 2000-2010 c
Very high human development
1 Norway 0.955 0.894 6.4 0 0.928 3.7 0.968 2.2 0.797 12.8 3.9 25.8
2 Australia 0.938 0.864 7.9 0 0.930 4.7 0.965 1.7 0.719 16.6 .. ..
3 United States 0.937 0.821 12.4 -13 0.863 6.6 0.941 5.3 0.681 24.1 d 8.4 40.8
4 Netherlands 0.921 0.857 6.9 0 0.916 4.3 0.897 3.9 0.766 12.3 .. ..
5 Germany 0.920 0.856 6.9 0 0.915 4.0 0.927 1.8 0.741 14.5 4.3 28.3
6 New Zealand 0.919 .. .. .. 0.907 5.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
7 Ireland 0.916 0.850 7.2 0 0.915 4.3 0.933 3.2 0.720 13.8 5.7 34.3
7 Sweden 0.916 0.859 6.2 3 0.937 3.3 0.878 3.8 0.772 11.2 4.0 25.0
9 Switzerland 0.913 0.849 7.0 1 0.942 4.1 0.856 2.0 0.760 14.3 5.5 33.7
10 Japan 0.912 .. .. .. 0.965 3.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
11 Canada 0.911 0.832 8.7 -4 0.913 5.0 0.879 3.2 0.718 17.1 5.5 32.6
12 Korea (Republic of) 0.909 0.758 16.5 -18 0.915 4.3 0.702 25.5 0.679 18.4 .. ..
13 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0.906 .. .. .. 0.962 2.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..
13 Iceland 0.906 0.848 6.4 3 0.945 3.0 0.889 2.5 0.727 13.2 .. ..
15 Denmark 0.901 0.845 6.2 3 0.887 4.4 0.891 3.1 0.764 11.0 .. ..
16 Israel 0.900 0.790 12.3 -8 0.935 3.9 0.840 7.9 0.627 23.7 7.9 39.2
17 Belgium 0.897 0.825 8.0 -1 0.903 4.4 0.822 7.6 0.756 11.9 4.9 33.0
18 Austria 0.895 0.837 6.6 3 0.919 4.2 0.838 2.5 0.760 12.7 4.4 29.2
18 Singapore 0.895 .. .. .. 0.935 2.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..
20 France 0.893 0.812 9.0 -2 0.930 4.2 0.788 9.4 0.732 13.3 .. ..
21 Finland 0.892 0.839 6.0 6 0.909 3.9 0.859 2.4 0.757 11.3 3.8 26.9
21 Slovenia 0.892 0.840 5.8 7 0.898 4.1 0.905 3.3 0.729 9.9 4.8 31.2
23 Spain 0.885 0.796 10.1 -1 0.930 4.1 0.823 5.5 0.659 19.7 6.0 34.7
24 Liechtenstein 0.883 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
25 Italy 0.881 0.776 11.9 -4 0.937 3.9 0.740 13.1 0.673 18.1 6.5 36.0
26 Luxembourg 0.875 0.813 7.2 4 0.913 3.5 0.729 6.3 0.807 11.6 4.6 30.8
26 United Kingdom 0.875 0.802 8.3 2 0.903 4.8 0.806 2.6 0.709 16.9 .. ..
28 Czech Republic 0.873 0.826 5.4 9 0.874 3.9 0.904 1.3 0.712 10.7 .. ..
29 Greece 0.860 0.760 11.5 -3 0.899 4.8 0.759 11.3 0.644 18.1 6.2 34.3
30 Brunei Darussalam 0.855 .. .. .. 0.862 5.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..
31 Cyprus 0.848 0.751 11.5 -4 0.901 4.1 0.672 16.3 0.698 13.6 .. ..
32 Malta 0.847 0.778 8.2 3 0.893 5.1 0.771 5.5 0.683 13.6 .. ..
33 Andorra 0.846 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
33 Estonia 0.846 0.770 9.0 2 0.813 6.0 0.894 2.6 0.627 17.7 6.4 36.0
35 Slovakia 0.840 0.788 6.3 6 0.825 5.7 0.856 1.5 0.692 11.3 3.6 26.0
36 Qatar 0.834 .. .. .. 0.854 7.2 .. .. .. .. 13.3 41.1
37 Hungary 0.831 0.769 7.4 3 0.810 5.7 0.854 4.1 0.658 12.2 4.8 31.2
38 Barbados 0.825 .. .. .. 0.814 9.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
39 Poland 0.821 0.740 9.9 0 0.834 5.8 0.767 6.3 0.634 17.1 5.5 34.1
40 Chile 0.819 0.664 19.0 -10 0.871 6.6 0.689 13.7 0.488 34.1 13.5 52.1
41 Lithuania 0.818 0.727 11.0 -1 0.767 7.2 0.830 5.0 0.605 20.1 6.7 37.6
41 United Arab Emirates 0.818 .. .. .. 0.836 6.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
43 Portugal 0.816 0.729 10.8 1 0.893 4.9 0.700 5.6 0.619 20.8 .. ..
44 Latvia 0.814 0.726 10.9 -1 0.784 7.1 0.837 3.6 0.583 20.9 6.6 36.6
45 Argentina 0.811 0.653 19.5 -8 0.796 9.7 0.716 12.1 0.487 34.4 11.3 44.5
46 Seychelles 0.806 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.8 65.8
47 Croatia 0.805 0.683 15.1 -3 0.845 5.5 0.703 10.4 0.537 27.8 5.2 33.7
High human development
48 Bahrain 0.796 .. .. .. 0.815 6.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
49 Bahamas 0.794 .. .. .. 0.783 10.9 .. .. .. .. .. ..
50 Belarus 0.793 0.727 8.3 3 0.737 7.4 0.819 5.4 0.636 12.1 4.0 27.2
51 Uruguay 0.792 0.662 16.4 -4 0.815 9.3 0.682 10.8 0.521 27.9 10.3 45.3
52 Montenegro 0.791 0.733 7.4 8 0.803 6.8 0.817 2.5 0.600 12.6 4.6 30.0
52 Palau 0.791 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
54 Kuwait 0.790 .. .. .. 0.803 6.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..
55 Russian Federation 0.788 .. .. .. 0.689 10.8 .. .. 0.647 11.9 7.3 40.1
56 Romania 0.786 0.687 12.6 2 0.770 9.6 0.779 5.0 0.540 22.2 4.6 30.0
57 Bulgaria 0.782 0.704 9.9 5 0.776 7.8 0.760 6.1 0.592 15.4 4.3 28.2
57 Saudi Arabia 0.782 .. .. .. 0.754 11.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
59 Cuba 0.780 .. .. .. 0.882 5.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..
59 Panama 0.780 0.588 24.6 -15 0.776 12.4 0.609 17.8 0.431 40.5 17.1 51.9
61 Mexico 0.775 0.593 23.4 -12 0.801 10.9 0.564 21.9 0.463 35.6 11.3 48.3
62 Costa Rica 0.773 0.606 21.5 -10 0.862 7.8 0.601 15.7 0.430 37.9 14.5 50.7
63 Grenada 0.770 .. .. .. 0.798 9.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..
64 Libya 0.769 .. .. .. 0.782 9.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..
64 Malaysia 0.769 .. .. .. 0.799 6.7 .. .. .. .. 11.3 46.2
64 Serbia 0.769 0.696 9.5 8 0.788 8.3 0.709 9.9 0.603 10.3 4.2 27.8
67 Antigua and Barbuda 0.760 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
67 Trinidad and Tobago 0.760 0.644 15.3 -3 0.660 16.6 0.652 6.6 0.621 21.9 .. ..
69 Kazakhstan 0.754 0.652 13.6 3 0.624 16.2 0.781 6.9 0.567 17.3 4.2 29.0
70 Albania 0.749 0.645 13.9 0 0.797 11.2 0.640 11.9 0.526 18.3 5.3 34.5
71 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.748 0.549 26.6 -17 0.754 12.2 0.571 18.1 0.385 44.9 11.5 44.8
72 Dominica 0.745 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
72 Georgia 0.745 0.631 15.3 -2 0.720 15.1 0.814 3.3 0.428 25.9 8.9 41.3
72 Lebanon 0.745 0.575 22.8 -9 0.718 13.5 0.531 24.1 0.498 30.0 .. ..
72 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.745 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
76 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.742 .. .. .. 0.703 16.1 .. .. .. .. 7.0 38.3
77 Peru 0.741 0.561 24.3 -10 0.727 14.8 0.538 24.6 0.452 32.5 13.5 48.1
78 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 0.740 0.631 14.7 2 0.784 9.4 0.612 12.3 0.524 21.8 9.5 43.2
78 Ukraine 0.740 0.672 9.2 13 0.687 10.5 0.808 6.1 0.548 10.9 3.8 26.4
80 Mauritius 0.737 0.639 13.3 5 0.760 9.8 0.570 13.5 0.602 16.6 .. ..
81 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.735 0.650 11.5 11 0.794 9.6 0.668 5.2 0.518 19.2 6.5 36.2
82 Azerbaijan 0.734 0.650 11.4 11 0.636 20.6 0.697 8.3 0.620 4.5 5.3 33.7
83 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.733 .. .. .. 0.710 14.0 .. .. .. .. .. ..
84 Oman 0.731 .. .. .. 0.777 7.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
85 Brazil 0.730 0.531 27.2 -12 0.725 14.4 0.503 25.3 0.411 39.7 20.6 54.7
85 Jamaica 0.730 0.591 19.1 2 0.710 15.3 0.669 10.6 0.434 30.1 9.6 45.5
87 Armenia 0.729 0.649 10.9 13 0.728 14.9 0.735 3.7 0.510 13.9 4.5 30.9
88 Saint Lucia 0.725 .. .. .. 0.773 10.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..
89 Ecuador 0.724 0.537 25.8 -8 0.754 14.1 0.529 22.1 0.390 38.8 12.5 49.3
90 Turkey 0.722 0.560 22.5 -1 0.743 12.8 0.442 27.4 0.534 26.5 7.9 39.0
91 Colombia 0.719 0.519 27.8 -11 0.732 13.7 0.523 21.5 0.366 44.5 20.1 55.9
92 Sri Lanka 0.715 0.607 15.1 11 0.786 9.4 0.618 14.6 0.461 20.8 6.9 40.3
93 Algeria 0.713 .. .. .. 0.717 14.5 .. .. .. .. .. ..
94 Tunisia 0.712 .. .. .. 0.752 12.6 .. .. .. .. 8.1 41.4
Medium human development
95 Tonga 0.710 .. .. .. 0.712 13.8 .. .. .. .. .. ..
96 Belize 0.702 .. .. .. 0.777 12.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
96 Dominican Republic 0.702 0.510 27.3 -15 0.708 16.0 0.458 26.8 0.410 37.6 11.3 47.2
96 Fiji 0.702 .. .. .. 0.676 13.0 .. .. .. .. 8.0 42.8
96 Samoa 0.702 .. .. .. 0.718 13.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..
100 Jordan 0.700 0.568 19.0 5 0.732 13.1 0.541 22.4 0.462 21.1 5.7 35.4
101 China 0.699 0.543 22.4 0 0.731 13.5 0.481 23.2 0.455 29.5 9.6 42.5
102 Turkmenistan 0.698 .. .. .. 0.521 26.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..
103 Thailand 0.690 0.543 21.3 0 0.768 10.1 0.491 18.0 0.424 34.0 7.1 40.0
104 Maldives 0.688 0.515 25.2 -8 0.834 7.3 0.335 41.2 0.489 23.2 6.8 37.4
105 Suriname 0.684 0.526 23.0 -2 0.680 15.0 0.504 20.1 0.426 32.8 .. ..
106 Gabon 0.683 0.550 19.5 6 0.489 27.8 0.611 7.3 0.556 22.1 7.8 41.5
107 El Salvador 0.680 0.499 26.6 -11 0.699 15.2 0.429 32.4 0.415 31.1 14.3 48.3
108 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.675 0.444 34.2 -12 0.553 25.1 0.537 27.6 0.294 47.4 27.8 56.3
108 Mongolia 0.675 0.568 15.9 13 0.623 18.8 0.661 8.9 0.444 19.7 6.2 36.5
110 Occupied Palestinian Territory 0.670 .. .. .. 0.725 13.1 .. .. .. .. 5.8 35.5
111 Paraguay 0.669 .. .. .. 0.681 17.8 .. .. 0.374 33.4 17.3 52.4
112 Egypt 0.662 0.503 24.1 -7 0.724 13.9 0.347 40.9 0.505 14.2 4.4 30.8
113 Moldova (Republic of) 0.660 0.584 11.6 18 0.693 11.2 0.670 6.1 0.429 17.0 5.3 33.0
114 Philippines 0.654 0.524 19.9 4 0.654 15.2 0.587 13.5 0.375 30.0 8.3 43.0
114 Uzbekistan 0.654 0.551 15.8 13 0.578 24.3 0.706 1.4 0.409 20.1 6.2 36.7
116 Syrian Arab Republic 0.648 0.515 20.4 3 0.793 10.0 0.372 31.5 0.464 18.3 5.7 35.8
117 Micronesia (Federated States of) 0.645 .. .. .. 0.625 19.2 .. .. .. .. 40.2 61.1
118 Guyana 0.636 0.514 19.1 2 0.618 21.7 0.559 10.5 0.393 24.4 .. ..
119 Botswana 0.634 .. .. .. 0.394 24.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
120 Honduras 0.632 0.458 27.5 -3 0.694 17.4 0.413 28.2 0.335 35.8 29.7 57.0
121 Indonesia 0.629 0.514 18.3 3 0.652 16.8 0.459 20.4 0.453 17.7 5.1 34.0
121 Kiribati 0.629 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
121 South Africa 0.629 .. .. .. 0.376 28.4 0.558 20.8 .. .. 25.3 63.1
124 Vanuatu 0.626 .. .. .. 0.681 15.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..
125 Kyrgyzstan 0.622 0.516 17.1 8 0.606 19.8 0.674 6.5 0.336 24.1 6.4 36.2
125 Tajikistan 0.622 0.507 18.4 2 0.548 27.2 0.623 12.2 0.383 15.0 4.7 30.8
127 Viet Nam 0.617 0.531 14.0 14 0.755 13.4 0.447 17.1 0.444 11.4 5.9 35.6
128 Namibia 0.608 0.344 43.5 -16 0.528 21.1 0.402 27.8 0.191 68.3 21.8 63.9
129 Nicaragua 0.599 0.434 27.5 1 0.735 13.9 0.351 33.3 0.317 33.6 7.6 40.5
130 Morocco 0.591 0.415 29.7 0 0.686 16.7 0.243 45.8 0.430 23.0 7.3 40.9
131 Iraq 0.590 .. .. .. 0.622 20.3 0.334 33.0 .. .. 4.6 30.9
132 Cape Verde 0.586 .. .. .. 0.746 12.7 .. .. .. .. 12.3 50.5
133 Guatemala 0.581 0.389 33.1 -3 0.659 18.6 0.280 36.1 0.318 42.5 19.6 55.9
134 Timor-Leste 0.576 0.386 33.0 -3 0.471 30.2 0.251 47.6 0.485 17.8 4.6 31.9
135 Ghana 0.558 0.379 32.2 -3 0.508 27.5 0.352 40.9 0.303 27.2 9.3 42.8
136 Equatorial Guinea 0.554 .. .. .. 0.270 45.4 .. .. .. .. .. ..
136 India 0.554 0.392 29.3 1 0.525 27.1 0.264 42.4 0.434 15.8 4.9 33.4
138 Cambodia 0.543 0.402 25.9 3 0.488 28.8 0.372 28.3 0.358 20.3 6.1 37.9
138 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.543 0.409 24.7 4 0.589 21.7 0.311 31.2 0.374 20.6 5.9 36.7
140 Bhutan 0.538 0.430 20.0 8 0.568 24.1 0.312 12.2 0.450 23.1 6.8 38.1
141 Swaziland 0.536 0.346 35.4 -3 0.296 35.0 0.409 29.8 0.343 40.9 14.0 51.5
Low human development
142 Congo 0.534 0.368 31.1 1 0.374 37.0 0.384 25.4 0.348 30.3 10.7 47.3
143 Solomon Islands 0.530 .. .. .. 0.602 20.7 .. .. .. .. .. ..
144 Sao Tome and Principe 0.525 0.358 31.7 1 0.503 28.8 0.379 20.0 0.241 44.2 10.8 50.8
145 Kenya 0.519 0.344 33.6 -2 0.390 34.1 0.405 30.7 0.259 36.0 11.0 47.7
146 Bangladesh 0.515 0.374 27.4 5 0.595 23.2 0.252 39.4 0.350 17.7 4.7 32.1
146 Pakistan 0.515 0.356 30.9 2 0.487 32.3 0.217 45.2 0.426 11.0 4.2 30.0
148 Angola 0.508 0.285 43.9 -12 0.267 46.1 0.303 34.6 0.286 50.0 30.9 58.6
149 Myanmar 0.498 .. .. .. 0.537 25.3 .. .. .. .. .. ..
150 Cameroon 0.495 0.330 33.4 -1 0.288 43.0 0.346 35.3 0.361 19.9 6.9 38.9
151 Madagascar 0.483 0.335 30.7 1 0.549 25.6 0.342 30.1 0.199 36.1 9.3 44.1
152 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.476 0.346 27.3 5 0.414 32.4 0.326 28.3 0.307 20.9 6.6 37.6
153 Nigeria 0.471 0.276 41.4 -13 0.286 43.8 0.250 45.2 0.295 34.5 12.2 48.8
154 Senegal 0.470 0.315 33.0 2 0.432 30.7 0.223 44.6 0.325 21.6 7.4 39.2
155 Mauritania 0.467 0.306 34.4 1 0.391 36.2 0.212 42.1 0.346 23.8 7.8 40.5
156 Papua New Guinea 0.466 .. .. .. 0.508 25.2 .. .. .. .. .. ..
157 Nepal 0.463 0.304 34.2 0 0.622 19.5 0.202 43.6 0.225 37.4 5.0 32.8
158 Lesotho 0.461 0.296 35.9 -1 0.297 34.3 0.379 24.3 0.229 47.0 19.0 52.5
159 Togo 0.459 0.305 33.5 3 0.371 37.2 0.291 41.5 0.263 20.0 5.6 34.4
160 Yemen 0.458 0.310 32.3 6 0.541 25.1 0.156 49.8 0.353 17.6 6.3 37.7
161 Haiti 0.456 0.273 40.2 -7 0.461 30.9 0.241 40.7 0.182 47.9 26.6 59.2
161 Uganda 0.456 0.303 33.6 3 0.331 39.1 0.327 32.2 0.257 29.1 8.7 44.3
163 Zambia 0.448 0.283 36.7 -2 0.269 41.9 0.383 23.8 0.221 42.6 e 16.6 54.6
164 Djibouti 0.445 0.285 36.0 1 0.380 36.9 0.166 47.0 0.365 21.7 7.7 40.0
165 Gambia 0.439 .. .. .. 0.404 33.9 .. .. .. .. 11.0 47.3
166 Benin 0.436 0.280 35.8 -1 0.343 40.3 0.213 42.0 0.301 23.6 6.6 38.6
167 Rwanda 0.434 0.287 33.9 6 0.330 41.3 0.285 29.4 0.251 30.2 12.7 53.1
168 Côte d'Ivoire 0.432 0.265 38.6 -3 0.352 37.8 0.197 43.2 0.268 34.4 8.5 41.5
169 Comoros 0.429 .. .. .. 0.440 32.6 0.189 47.4 .. .. 26.7 64.3
170 Malawi 0.418 0.287 31.4 7 0.329 39.9 0.309 30.2 0.232 23.1 6.6 39.0
171 Sudan 0.414 .. .. .. 0.440 33.0 .. .. .. .. 6.2 35.3
172 Zimbabwe 0.397 0.284 28.5 5 0.357 30.6 0.469 17.8 0.137 35.8 .. ..
173 Ethiopia 0.396 0.269 31.9 1 0.404 35.4 0.179 38.3 0.271 20.8 4.3 29.8
174 Liberia 0.388 0.251 35.3 0 0.367 37.6 0.230 46.4 0.188 19.0 7.0 38.2
175 Afghanistan 0.374 .. .. .. 0.225 50.9 0.205 39.3 .. .. 4.0 27.8
176 Guinea-Bissau 0.364 0.213 41.4 -3 0.224 50.1 0.185 40.3 0.234 32.5 5.9 35.5
177 Sierra Leone 0.359 0.210 41.6 -3 0.242 45.3 0.171 47.4 0.222 31.0 8.1 42.5
178 Burundi 0.355 .. .. .. 0.264 45.6 .. .. .. .. 4.8 33.3
178 Guinea 0.355 0.217 38.8 0 0.311 42.7 0.145 42.0 0.228 31.1 7.3 39.4
180 Central African Republic 0.352 0.209 40.5 -2 0.247 46.0 0.176 45.9 0.210 28.1 18.0 56.3
181 Eritrea 0.351 .. .. .. 0.485 26.6 .. .. .. .. .. ..
182 Mali 0.344 .. .. .. 0.269 46.3 0.162 36.9 .. .. 5.2 33.0
183 Burkina Faso 0.343 0.226 34.2 4 0.329 41.7 0.125 36.2 0.281 23.4 7.0 39.8
184 Chad 0.340 0.203 40.1 -1 0.226 52.0 0.126 43.4 0.295 21.0 7.4 39.8
185 Mozambique 0.327 0.220 32.7 5 0.286 40.8 0.182 18.2 0.205 37.0 f 9.8 45.7
186 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.304 0.183 39.9 -1 0.226 50.0 0.249 31.2 0.108 36.8 9.3 44.4
186 Niger 0.304 0.200 34.2 0 0.317 42.6 0.107 39.5 0.236 17.9 5.3 34.6
Other countries or territories
.. Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Marshall Islands .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Nauru .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. Somalia .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
.. South Sudan .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 45.5
.. Tuvalu .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Human Development Index groups
Very high human development 0.905 0.807 10.8 -- 0.897 5.2 0.851 6.8 0.688 19.8 -- --
High human development 0.758 0.602 20.6 -- 0.736 12.4 0.592 19.9 0.500 28.6 -- --
Medium human development 0.640 0.485 24.2 -- 0.633 19.3 0.395 30.2 0.456 22.7 -- --
Low human development 0.466 0.310 33.5 -- 0.395 35.7 0.246 38.7 0.307 25.6 -- --
Regions
Arab States 0.652 0.486 25.4 -- 0.669 16.7 0.320 39.6 0.538 17.5 -- --
East Asia and the Pacific 0.683 0.537 21.3 -- 0.711 14.2 0.480 21.9 0.455 27.2 -- --
Europe and Central Asia 0.771 0.672 12.9 -- 0.716 11.7 0.713 10.5 0.594 16.3 -- --
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.741 0.550 25.7 -- 0.744 13.4 0.532 23.0 0.421 38.5 -- --
South Asia 0.558 0.395 29.1 -- 0.531 27.0 0.267 42.0 0.436 15.9 -- --
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.475 0.309 35.0 -- 0.335 39.0 0.285 35.3 0.308 30.4 -- --
Least developed countries 0.449 0.303 32.5 -- 0.406 34.6 0.240 36.2 0.287 26.1 -- --
Small island developing states 0.648 0.459 29.2 -- 0.633 19.2 0.412 30.1 0.370 37.2 -- --
World 0.694 0.532 23.3 -- 0.638 19.0 0.453 27.0 0.522 23.5 -- --
NOTES
a. Based on countries for which the Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index is calculated.
b. The list of surveys used for estimation of inequalities is available at http://hdr.undp.org.
c. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
d. Based on the 2010 Current Population Survey (from the Luxembourg Income Study database). In the 2011 Human Development Report income inequality was based on the 2005 American Community Survey (from the World Bank's International Income Distribution Database). The two sources seem to be inconsistent.
e Based on simulated income distribution from the 2007 Demographic and Health Survey. In the 2011 Human Development Report the inequality in consumption was used based on the 2002-2003 Living Conditions Monitoring Survey.
f  Based on simulated income distribution from the 2009 Demographic and Health Survey. In the 2011 Human Development Report the inequality in consumption was used based on the 2003 National household survey of Living Conditions.
DEFINITIONS
Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development--a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 for details on how the HDI is calculated.
Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI): HDI value adjusted for inequalities in the three basic dimensions of human development. See Technical note 2 for details on how the IHDI is calculated.
Overall loss: The loss in potential human development due to inequality, calculated as the percentage difference between the HDI and the IHDI.
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index: The HDI life expectancy index adjusted for inequality in distribution of expected length of life based on data from life tables listed in Main data sources.
Inequality-adjusted education index: The HDI education index adjusted for inequality in distribution of years of schooling based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources.
Inequality-adjusted income index: The HDI income index adjusted for inequality in income distribution based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources.
Quintile income ratio: Ratio of the share of income of the richest 20 percent of the population to the share of income of the poorest 20 percent of the population.
Income Gini coefficient: Measure of the deviation of the distribution of income (or consumption) among individuals or households within a country from a perfectly equal distribution. A value of 0 represents absolute equality, a value of 100 absolute inequality.
MAIN DATA SOURCES
Column 1: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2011), Barro and Lee (2011), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2012), World Bank (2012a) and IMF (2012).
Column 2: Calculated as the geometric mean of the values in columns 5, 7 and 9 using the methodology in Technical note 2.
Column 3: Calculated based on data in columns 1 and 2.
Column 4: Calculated based on data in column 2 and recalculated HDI ranks for countries with the IHDI.
Column 5: Calculated based on abridged life tables from UNDESA (2011).
Column 6: Calculated based on data in column 5 and the unadjusted life expectancy index.
Columns 7 and 9: Calculated based on data from LIS (2012), Eurostat (2012), the World Bank (2012b),  UNICEF (2002-2012), and ICF Macro (2012) using the methodology  in Technical note 2.
Column 8: Calculated based on data in column 7 and the unadjusted education index.
Column 10: Calculated based on data in column 9 and the unadjusted income index.
Columns 11 and 12: World Bank (2012a).
Source

Human Development Indices: A statistical update 2012

Source:  United Nations Development Programme

The Human Development Report is a reliable source and an alternative perspective on critical issues for human development worldwide. Featuring the Human Development Index, every report presents agenda-setting data and analysis and calls international attention to issues and policy options that put people at the center of strategies to meet the challenges of development today - economic, social, political, and cultural.

Please click here for the Indicator definitions
Download Technical notes in pdf

FAQs about the:
    Gender Inequality Index
    Human Development Index
    Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index
    Multidimensional Poverty Index
Last update in UNdata: 27 Mar 2013
Next update in UNdata: 2014 release