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Human Development Index (HDI) Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) Coefficient of human inequality Inequality in life expectancy Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index Inequality in education a Inequality-adjusted education index Inequality in income a Inequality-adjusted income index Income shares (%) held by Gini Coefficient
HDI rank Country Value Value Overall loss (%) Difference from HDI rank b (%) Value (%) Value (%) Value Poorest 40 percent Richest 10 percent  Richest 1% (%)
2018 2018 2018 2018 2018 2015-2020 c 2018 2018 d 2018 2018 d 2018 2010-2017 e 2010-2017 e 2010-2016 e 2010-2017 e
VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
1 Norway 0.954 0.889 6.8 0 6.7 3.0 0.929 4.4 0.879 12.7 0.860 23.1 22.3 8.4 27.5
2 Switzerland 0.946 0.882 6.8 -1 6.6 3.5 0.945 1.9 0.879 14.5 0.825 20.3 25.2 11.9 32.3
3 Ireland 0.942 0.865 8.2 -6 8.0 3.4 0.923 3.5 0.885 16.9 0.793 20.9 25.4 12.8 31.8
4 Germany 0.939 0.861 8.3 -7 8.1 3.8 0.905 2.7 0.920 17.7 0.765 20.7 24.8 11.1 31.7
4 Hong Kong, China (SAR) 0.939 0.815 13.2 -17 12.6 2.5 0.970 9.8 0.776 25.6 0.720 .. .. .. ..
6 Australia 0.938 0.862 8.1 -4 7.9 3.7 0.938 2.7 0.898 17.3 0.761 18.8 27.8 9.1 35.8
6 Iceland 0.938 0.885 5.7 4 5.6 2.4 0.944 2.8 0.892 11.7 0.822 23.2 23.5 6.8 27.8
8 Sweden 0.937 0.874 6.7 2 6.6 2.9 0.936 3.8 0.880 13.0 0.811 22.1 22.9 8.3 29.2
9 Singapore 0.935 0.810 13.3 -14 12.8 2.5 0.952 11.0 0.745 25.0 0.750 .. .. 14.0 ..
10 Netherlands 0.933 0.870 6.8 2 6.7 3.1 0.926 4.9 0.862 12.1 0.826 22.8 23.0 6.2 28.2
11 Denmark 0.930 0.873 6.1 4 6.0 3.6 0.901 3.0 0.892 11.4 0.829 23.3 23.8 12.8 28.2
12 Finland 0.925 0.876 5.3 7 5.2 3.0 0.921 2.3 0.894 10.4 0.816 23.4 22.4 7.3 27.1
13 Canada 0.922 0.841 8.8 -4 8.5 4.6 0.915 2.7 0.867 18.2 0.751 18.9 25.3 13.6 34.0
14 New Zealand 0.921 0.836 9.2 -4 9.1 4.3 0.915 6.4 0.863 16.4 0.740 .. .. 8.2 ..
15 United Kingdom 0.920 0.845 8.2 0 8.0 4.1 0.903 2.8 0.890 17.0 0.750 19.7 25.4 11.7 33.2
15 United States 0.920 0.797 13.4 -13 12.8 6.3 0.848 5.5 0.849 26.6 0.702 15.2 30.6 20.2 41.5
17 Belgium 0.919 0.849 7.6 3 7.6 3.6 0.912 7.7 0.824 11.4 0.814 22.6 22.2 6.7 27.7
18 Liechtenstein 0.917 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19 Japan 0.915 0.882 3.6 15 3.6 2.9 0.963 1.6 0.836 6.3 0.851 20.3 f 24.7 f 10.4 32.1 f
20 Austria 0.914 0.843 7.7 3 7.5 3.7 0.910 3.0 0.845 15.9 0.780 21.1 23.8 8.2 30.5
21 Luxembourg 0.909 0.822 9.5 1 9.3 3.4 0.923 8.0 0.738 16.6 0.817 19.3 25.4 9.1 33.8
22 Israel 0.906 0.809 10.8 -3 10.2 3.3 0.935 3.7 0.844 23.7 0.671 15.9 27.7 .. 38.9
22 Korea (Republic of) 0.906 0.777 14.3 -9 13.9 3.0 0.938 18.5 0.702 20.2 0.712 20.3 23.8 12.2 31.6
24 Slovenia 0.902 0.858 4.8 11 4.7 2.9 0.914 2.2 0.874 9.1 0.792 24.1 21.0 6.7 25.4
25 Spain 0.893 0.765 14.3 -13 14.0 3.0 0.947 17.1 0.683 21.9 0.692 17.5 26.2 9.8 36.2
26 Czechia 0.891 0.850 4.6 12 4.5 3.0 0.884 1.4 0.880 9.2 0.789 24.4 22.1 9.5 25.9
26 France 0.891 0.809 9.2 1 9.1 3.8 0.926 9.1 0.737 14.4 0.777 20.7 26.6 10.8 32.7
28 Malta 0.885 0.815 8.0 6 7.9 4.6 0.915 6.7 0.763 12.5 0.774 21.9 23.6 11.7 29.4
29 Italy 0.883 0.776 12.1 -4 11.8 3.1 0.944 11.0 0.706 21.3 0.700 18.0 25.7 7.5 35.4
30 Estonia 0.882 0.818 7.2 9 7.0 3.6 0.869 2.1 0.862 15.5 0.730 20.0 24.4 7.0 32.7
31 Cyprus 0.873 0.788 9.7 1 9.6 3.6 0.902 11.0 0.722 14.3 0.751 20.0 27.4 8.6 34.0
32 Greece 0.872 0.766 12.2 -5 11.9 3.5 0.922 12.8 0.727 19.5 0.671 17.7 26.2 10.8 36.0
32 Poland 0.872 0.801 8.1 4 8.0 4.3 0.862 5.2 0.821 14.4 0.727 21.3 24.6 12.5 30.8
34 Lithuania 0.869 0.775 10.9 -1 10.5 5.5 0.810 4.3 0.852 21.8 0.673 17.7 28.6 7.0 37.4
35 United Arab Emirates 0.866 .. .. .. 5.2 0.843 18.2 0.608 .. .. .. .. 22.8 ..
36 Andorra 0.857 .. .. .. .. .. 10.0 0.637 .. .. .. .. .. ..
36 Saudi Arabia 0.857 .. .. .. 6.4 0.792 18.0 0.651 .. .. .. .. 19.7 ..
36 Slovakia 0.857 0.804 6.2 8 6.1 5.0 0.839 1.6 0.811 11.7 0.764 23.1 20.9 5.2 26.5
39 Latvia 0.854 0.776 9.1 3 8.8 5.4 0.803 2.6 0.849 18.5 0.686 19.4 26.1 7.6 34.2
40 Portugal 0.850 0.742 12.7 -6 12.4 3.5 0.918 15.8 0.639 18.1 0.697 18.7 27.3 7.4 35.5
41 Qatar 0.848 .. .. .. 5.7 0.872 11.8 0.583 .. .. .. .. 29.0 ..
42 Chile 0.847 0.696 17.8 -14 17.0 6.3 0.866 12.0 0.711 32.7 0.548 14.4 37.9 23.7 46.6
43 Brunei Darussalam 0.845 .. .. .. 7.6 0.792 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
43 Hungary 0.845 0.777 8.0 8 7.8 4.2 0.836 3.2 0.790 16.1 0.711 21.1 23.8 7.7 30.4
45 Bahrain 0.838 .. .. .. 5.5 0.831 22.7 0.570 .. .. .. .. 18.0 ..
46 Croatia 0.837 0.768 8.3 4 8.1 4.3 0.859 4.9 0.757 15.2 0.697 20.4 23.2 7.6 31.1
47 Oman 0.834 0.725 13.1 -3 12.9 6.7 0.827 11.9 0.644 20.1 0.714 .. .. 19.5 ..
48 Argentina 0.830 0.714 14.0 -4 13.6 8.6 0.795 6.2 0.790 25.8 0.579 15.3 29.4 .. 40.6
49 Russian Federation 0.824 0.743 9.9 1 9.6 7.1 0.749 3.1 0.807 18.7 0.679 18.0 29.7 20.2 37.7
50 Belarus 0.817 0.765 6.4 6 6.3 4.4 0.803 3.7 0.806 10.8 0.692 24.1 21.3 .. 25.4
50 Kazakhstan 0.817 0.759 7.1 4 7.1 7.7 0.756 3.2 0.791 10.3 0.732 23.4 23.0 .. 27.5
52 Bulgaria 0.816 0.714 12.5 0 12.1 6.1 0.793 6.3 0.754 23.9 0.607 17.8 28.8 8.4 37.4
52 Montenegro 0.816 0.746 8.6 5 8.5 3.6 0.842 7.4 0.738 14.6 0.667 20.8 25.7 6.4 31.9
52 Romania 0.816 0.725 11.1 2 10.8 6.3 0.806 5.3 0.722 20.7 0.656 16.9 24.7 6.8 35.9
55 Palau 0.814 .. .. .. .. .. 1.9 0.829 .. .. .. .. .. ..
56 Barbados 0.813 0.675 17.0 -10 15.9 8.7 0.830 5.5 0.730 33.6 0.509 .. .. .. ..
57 Kuwait 0.808 .. .. .. 5.9 0.802 22.1 0.487 .. .. .. .. 19.9 ..
57 Uruguay 0.808 0.703 13.0 0 12.7 7.9 0.819 8.2 0.684 22.0 0.621 16.5 29.7 14.0 39.5
59 Turkey 0.806 0.675 16.2 -8 16.1 9.0 0.804 16.5 0.594 22.6 0.645 15.6 32.1 23.4 41.9
60 Bahamas 0.805 .. .. .. 6.8 0.771 6.3 0.694 .. .. .. .. .. ..
61 Malaysia 0.804 .. .. .. 6.1 0.809 12.1 0.627 .. .. 15.9 31.3 14.5 41.0
62 Seychelles 0.801 .. .. .. 9.6 0.742 .. .. 29.3 0.590 15.2 39.9 .. 46.8
HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
63 Serbia 0.799 0.685 14.4 -4 13.7 4.9 0.817 8.1 0.719 28.1 0.546 22.5 23.1 6.4 28.5
63 Trinidad and Tobago 0.799 .. .. .. 14.9 0.699 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
65 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 0.797 0.706 11.5 5 11.3 9.2 0.789 5.0 0.706 19.7 0.631 16.6 30.9 16.3 40.0
66 Mauritius 0.796 0.688 13.7 0 13.6 9.4 0.765 13.2 0.634 18.2 0.671 19.2 29.0 7.1 35.8
67 Panama 0.795 0.626 21.2 -13 20.3 12.0 0.790 12.5 0.610 36.5 0.510 11.5 37.7 .. 49.9
68 Costa Rica 0.794 0.645 18.7 -7 18.0 7.1 0.859 14.7 0.611 32.2 0.511 12.8 37.0 .. 48.3
69 Albania 0.791 0.705 10.9 8 10.9 7.2 0.835 12.3 0.665 13.2 0.631 22.1 22.9 6.4 29.0
70 Georgia 0.786 0.692 12.0 5 11.6 7.9 0.759 3.2 0.828 23.6 0.526 17.4 28.9 .. 37.9
71 Sri Lanka 0.780 0.686 12.1 4 11.8 7.0 0.813 7.4 0.700 21.0 0.567 17.7 32.9 .. 39.8
72 Cuba 0.778 .. .. .. 5.1 0.857 10.9 0.704 .. .. .. .. .. ..
73 Saint Kitts and Nevis 0.777 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
74 Antigua and Barbuda 0.776 .. .. .. 5.8 0.824 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
75 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.769 0.658 14.4 -2 14.2 5.4 0.833 17.0 0.586 20.2 0.584 19.8 25.1 6.2 33.0
76 Mexico 0.767 0.595 22.5 -17 21.8 10.5 0.757 18.5 0.558 36.3 0.498 15.5 34.8 .. 43.4
77 Thailand 0.765 0.635 16.9 -4 16.7 7.9 0.807 18.3 0.543 23.8 0.585 18.4 28.4 20.2 36.5
78 Grenada 0.763 .. .. .. 11.2 0.716 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
79 Brazil 0.761 0.574 24.5 -23 23.8 10.9 0.763 23.8 0.525 36.7 0.473 10.6 41.9 28.3 53.3
79 Colombia 0.761 0.585 23.1 -16 22.4 10.7 0.785 20.3 0.545 36.2 0.468 12.4 39.0 20.5 49.7
81 Armenia 0.760 0.685 9.9 9 9.7 8.7 0.772 2.9 0.737 17.4 0.565 20.8 28.4 .. 33.6
82 Algeria 0.759 0.604 20.4 -8 19.7 14.1 0.749 33.7 0.448 11.4 0.658 23.1 22.9 .. 27.6
82 North Macedonia 0.759 0.660 13.1 5 12.9 7.9 0.789 10.5 0.623 20.3 0.585 17.3 24.8 5.8 35.6
82 Peru 0.759 0.612 19.4 -5 19.1 10.8 0.776 18.1 0.567 28.3 0.521 14.4 32.3 .. 43.3
85 China 0.758 0.636 16.1 4 15.7 7.9 0.803 11.7 0.573 27.4 0.558 17.0 29.4 13.9 38.6
85 Ecuador 0.758 0.607 19.9 -4 19.5 11.5 0.773 16.5 0.596 30.5 0.485 14.1 33.8 .. 44.7
87 Azerbaijan 0.754 0.683 9.4 13 9.3 13.9 0.700 5.3 0.657 8.9 0.692 .. .. .. ..
88 Ukraine 0.750 0.701 6.5 21 6.5 7.4 0.740 3.6 0.768 8.5 0.605 24.5 21.2 .. 25.0
89 Dominican Republic 0.745 0.584 21.5 -8 21.4 17.0 0.688 19.1 0.532 28.1 0.545 13.9 35.4 .. 45.7
89 Saint Lucia 0.745 0.617 17.2 4 16.9 10.6 0.771 12.6 0.584 27.4 0.521 11.0 38.6 .. 51.2
91 Tunisia 0.739 0.585 20.8 -4 20.2 9.0 0.791 32.8 0.442 18.9 0.573 20.1 25.6 .. 32.8
92 Mongolia 0.735 0.635 13.6 10 13.6 13.1 0.664 11.9 0.646 15.7 0.596 20.4 25.6 .. 32.3
93 Lebanon 0.730 .. .. .. 7.4 0.839 6.2 0.566 .. .. 20.6 24.8 23.4 31.8
94 Botswana 0.728 .. .. .. 19.4 0.611 .. .. .. .. 10.9 41.5 .. 53.3
94 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0.728 .. .. .. 11.3 0.715 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
96 Jamaica 0.726 0.604 16.7 3 15.9 10.0 0.753 5.6 0.653 32.0 0.449 .. .. .. ..
96 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 0.726 0.600 17.3 1 17.0 17.1 0.665 8.8 0.638 25.2 0.510 .. .. .. ..
98 Dominica 0.724 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
98 Fiji 0.724 .. .. .. 14.9 0.620 .. .. .. .. 18.8 29.7 .. 36.7
98 Paraguay 0.724 0.545 24.7 -14 23.8 13.8 0.718 18.1 0.519 39.5 0.435 13.2 39.2 .. 48.8
98 Suriname 0.720 0.557 22.7 -9 21.9 12.8 0.692 15.6 0.551 37.3 0.453 .. .. .. ..
102 Jordan 0.723 0.617 14.7 11 14.7 10.6 0.748 15.4 0.574 17.9 0.547 20.3 27.5 16.1 33.7
103 Belize 0.720 0.558 22.6 -8 21.6 11.1 0.745 15.9 0.582 37.9 0.400 .. .. .. ..
104 Maldives 0.719 0.568 21.0 -5 20.4 6.0 0.848 29.3 0.399 25.8 0.541 17.4 g 29.9 g .. 38.4 g
105 Tonga 0.717 .. .. .. 10.4 0.700 4.5 0.736 .. .. 18.2 29.7 .. 37.6
106 Philippines 0.712 0.582 18.2 1 17.8 15.3 0.666 10.1 0.599 28.1 0.495 16.8 31.3 .. 40.1
107 Moldova (Republic of) 0.711 0.638 10.4 21 10.3 9.6 0.721 7.3 0.656 14.0 0.549 24.1 21.7 6.1 25.9
108 Turkmenistan 0.710 0.579 18.5 1 17.9 23.4 0.567 3.6 0.606 26.8 0.564 .. .. .. ..
108 Uzbekistan 0.710 .. .. .. 13.9 0.683 0.7 0.713 .. .. .. .. .. ..
110 Libya 0.708 .. .. .. 9.1 0.737 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
111 Indonesia 0.707 0.584 17.4 6 17.4 13.9 0.682 18.2 0.511 20.1 0.570 17.5 29.5 .. 38.1
111 Samoa 0.707 .. .. .. 10.0 0.736 4.9 0.666 .. .. 17.9 31.3 .. 38.7
113 South Africa 0.705 0.463 34.4 -17 31.4 19.2 0.545 17.3 0.596 57.7 0.305 7.2 50.5 19.2 63.0
114 Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 0.703 0.533 24.2 -6 24.1 22.5 0.611 20.0 0.552 29.7 0.449 13.6 31.7 .. 44.0
115 Gabon 0.702 0.544 22.5 -4 22.5 22.8 0.549 23.5 0.486 21.2 0.602 16.8 27.7 .. 38.0
116 Egypt 0.700 0.492 29.7 -8 28.7 11.6 0.705 38.1 0.376 36.5 0.449 21.9 27.8 19.1 31.8
MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
117 Marshall Islands 0.698 .. .. .. .. .. 4.3 0.677 .. .. .. .. .. ..
118 Viet Nam 0.693 0.580 16.3 8 16.2 12.9 0.741 17.6 0.515 18.1 0.511 18.8 27.1 .. 35.3
119 Palestine, State of 0.690 0.597 13.5 16 13.5 12.0 0.730 11.9 0.582 16.6 0.500 19.2 25.2 15.8 33.7
120 Iraq 0.689 0.552 19.8 3 19.4 15.9 0.653 29.7 0.389 12.7 0.664 21.9 23.7 22.0 29.5
121 Morocco 0.676 .. .. .. 13.0 0.756 .. .. 21.7 0.510 17.4 31.9 .. 39.5
122 Kyrgyzstan 0.674 0.610 9.5 23 9.5 11.3 0.700 5.0 0.697 12.2 0.465 23.6 23.3 .. 27.3
123 Guyana 0.670 0.546 18.5 4 18.3 19.0 0.620 10.7 0.537 25.1 0.490 .. .. .. ..
124 El Salvador 0.667 0.521 21.9 1 21.6 12.5 0.715 29.1 0.401 23.2 0.492 17.4 29.1 .. 38.0
125 Tajikistan 0.656 0.574 12.5 12 12.4 16.7 0.652 6.0 0.632 14.5 0.459 19.4 26.4 .. 34.0
126 Cabo Verde 0.651 .. .. .. 12.2 0.713 23.7 0.410 .. .. .. .. .. 47.2
126 Guatemala 0.651 0.472 27.4 -2 26.9 14.6 0.710 30.8 0.353 35.4 0.420 13.1 38.0 .. 48.3
126 Nicaragua 0.651 0.501 23.0 1 22.7 13.1 0.726 25.7 0.420 29.2 0.414 14.3 37.2 .. 46.2
129 India 0.647 0.477 26.3 1 25.7 19.7 0.610 38.7 0.342 18.8 0.518 19.8 30.1 21.3 35.7
130 Namibia 0.645 0.417 35.3 -14 33.6 22.1 0.520 25.0 0.437 53.6 0.321 8.6 47.3 .. 59.1
131 Timor-Leste 0.626 0.450 28.0 -5 26.7 21.7 0.593 44.9 0.273 13.6 0.564 22.8 24.0 .. 28.7
132 Honduras 0.623 0.464 25.5 0 25.0 13.3 0.735 26.6 0.369 34.9 0.369 11.0 37.7 .. 50.5
132 Kiribati 0.623 .. .. .. 24.7 0.557 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
134 Bhutan 0.617 0.450 27.1 -3 26.3 17.1 0.656 41.7 0.257 20.0 0.539 17.5 27.9 .. 37.4
135 Bangladesh 0.614 0.465 24.3 4 23.6 17.3 0.666 37.7 0.320 15.7 0.472 21.0 26.8 .. 32.4
135 Micronesia (Federated States of) 0.614 .. .. .. 16.1 0.616 .. .. 26.4 0.402 16.2 29.7 .. 40.1
137 Sao Tome and Principe 0.609 0.507 16.7 10 16.7 17.0 0.641 18.3 0.463 14.9 0.438 21.1 24.2 .. 30.8
138 Congo 0.608 0.456 25.0 2 24.9 22.8 0.526 20.9 0.426 31.0 0.423 12.4 37.9 .. 48.9
138 Eswatini (Kingdom of) 0.608 0.430 29.3 -4 29.0 25.1 0.454 24.1 0.411 37.9 0.426 11.5 g 40.0 g .. 51.5 g
140 Lao People's Democratic Republic 0.604 0.454 24.9 3 24.7 22.6 0.567 31.3 0.330 20.3 0.499 19.1 29.8 .. 36.4
141 Vanuatu 0.597 .. .. .. 14.4 0.663 .. .. 19.7 0.405 17.8 29.4 .. 37.6
142 Ghana 0.596 0.427 28.3 -3 28.1 24.2 0.511 34.9 0.364 25.3 0.419 14.3 32.2 .. 43.5
143 Zambia 0.591 0.394 33.4 -6 32.3 26.5 0.492 21.7 0.448 48.6 0.278 8.9 44.4 .. 57.1
144 Equatorial Guinea 0.588 .. .. .. 34.6 0.386 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
145 Myanmar 0.584 0.448 23.2 3 23.2 22.8 0.557 26.9 0.330 19.9 0.490 18.6 31.7 .. 38.1
146 Cambodia 0.581 0.465 20.1 12 19.9 18.1 0.625 27.3 0.346 14.3 0.464 .. .. .. ..
147 Kenya 0.579 0.426 26.3 0 26.2 22.5 0.553 22.9 0.406 33.1 0.345 16.5 31.6 .. 40.8
147 Nepal 0.579 0.430 25.8 3 24.9 17.5 0.641 40.9 0.296 16.3 0.419 20.4 26.4 .. 32.8
149 Angola 0.574 0.392 31.8 -2 31.7 32.0 0.427 34.3 0.327 28.9 0.432 15.0 f 32.3 f .. 42.7 f
150 Cameroon 0.563 0.371 34.1 -6 34.1 33.5 0.398 33.0 0.378 35.9 0.338 13.0 35.0 .. 46.6
150 Zimbabwe 0.563 0.435 22.8 7 22.7 24.2 0.480 16.8 0.473 27.0 0.362 15.3 33.8 .. 43.2
152 Pakistan 0.560 0.386 31.1 -1 30.2 29.9 0.508 43.5 0.230 17.2 0.494 21.1 28.9 .. 33.5
153 Solomon Islands 0.557 .. .. .. 12.1 0.714 .. .. 19.4 0.366 18.4 29.2 .. 37.1
LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
154 Syrian Arab Republic 0.549 .. .. .. 13.0 0.693 .. .. .. .. .. .. 14.7 ..
155 Papua New Guinea 0.543 .. .. .. 24.1 0.517 11.5 0.382 .. .. 15.1 g 31.0 g .. 41.9 g
156 Comoros 0.538 0.294 45.3 -22 44.2 28.9 0.483 47.6 0.249 56.0 0.212 13.6 33.7 .. 45.3
157 Rwanda 0.536 0.382 28.7 -1 28.4 19.5 0.603 29.3 0.324 36.4 0.286 15.8 35.6 .. 43.7
158 Nigeria 0.534 0.349 34.6 -5 34.5 37.1 0.332 38.1 0.301 28.2 0.426 15.1 g 32.7 g .. 43.0 g
159 Tanzania (United Republic of) 0.528 0.397 24.9 7 24.9 25.3 0.517 27.0 0.309 22.4 0.391 18.5 31.0 .. 37.8
159 Uganda 0.528 0.387 26.7 4 26.7 27.2 0.481 27.9 0.371 24.9 0.325 15.9 34.2 .. 42.8
161 Mauritania 0.527 0.358 32.1 1 31.8 30.0 0.481 40.8 0.230 24.6 0.413 19.9 24.9 .. 32.6
162 Madagascar 0.521 0.386 25.8 6 25.5 21.1 0.567 35.0 0.320 20.4 0.318 15.7 33.5 .. 42.6
163 Benin 0.520 0.327 37.1 -6 36.9 34.9 0.415 43.7 0.268 32.0 0.315 12.8 37.6 .. 47.8
164 Lesotho 0.518 0.350 32.5 3 32.0 33.1 0.347 21.9 0.398 41.1 0.310 9.6 40.9 .. 54.2
165 Côte d'Ivoire 0.516 0.331 35.8 -3 35.0 33.3 0.384 47.4 0.232 24.4 0.409 15.9 31.9 17.1 41.5
166 Senegal 0.514 0.347 32.5 2 31.6 21.2 0.578 46.0 0.190 27.7 0.381 16.4 31.0 .. 40.3
167 Togo 0.513 0.350 31.7 6 31.5 30.5 0.436 38.9 0.314 25.1 0.313 14.5 31.6 .. 43.1
168 Sudan 0.507 0.332 34.6 1 34.3 27.4 0.504 42.5 0.195 33.0 0.372 18.5 g 26.7 g .. 35.4 g
169 Haiti 0.503 0.299 40.5 -7 40.0 32.2 0.455 37.3 0.279 50.4 0.211 15.8 31.2 .. 41.1
170 Afghanistan 0.496 .. .. .. 28.3 0.491 45.4 0.225 .. .. .. .. .. ..
171 Djibouti 0.495 .. .. .. 23.4 0.549 .. .. 27.7 0.391 15.8 32.3 .. 41.6
172 Malawi 0.485 0.346 28.7 5 28.6 25.1 0.505 28.4 0.328 32.4 0.250 16.2 38.1 .. 44.7
173 Ethiopia 0.470 0.337 28.4 5 27.3 24.9 0.534 43.5 0.189 13.4 0.377 17.6 31.4 .. 39.1
174 Gambia 0.466 0.293 37.2 -8 36.4 28.5 0.459 49.3 0.195 31.5 0.279 19.0 28.7 .. 35.9
174 Guinea 0.466 0.310 33.4 -1 32.2 31.3 0.435 48.3 0.176 17.1 0.388 19.8 26.4 .. 33.7
176 Liberia 0.465 0.314 32.3 2 31.8 29.8 0.472 42.9 0.241 22.7 0.273 18.8 27.1 .. 35.3
177 Yemen 0.463 0.316 31.8 5 30.9 24.7 0.534 46.1 0.187 21.8 0.315 18.8 29.4 15.7 36.7
178 Guinea-Bissau 0.461 0.288 37.5 -5 37.4 32.3 0.396 41.9 0.233 37.9 0.260 12.8 42.0 .. 50.7
179 Congo (Democratic Republic of the) 0.459 0.316 31.0 7 30.9 36.1 0.397 28.5 0.354 28.2 0.225 15.5 32.0 .. 42.1
180 Mozambique 0.446 0.309 30.7 4 30.7 29.8 0.434 33.8 0.257 28.4 0.265 11.8 45.5 .. 54.0
181 Sierra Leone 0.438 0.282 35.7 -3 34.6 39.0 0.322 46.9 0.214 17.7 0.326 19.8 26.9 .. 34.0
182 Burkina Faso 0.434 0.303 30.1 5 29.5 32.0 0.431 39.2 0.183 17.3 0.354 20.0 29.6 .. 35.3
182 Eritrea 0.434 .. .. .. 21.4 0.556 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
184 Mali 0.427 0.294 31.2 3 30.4 36.7 0.379 39.2 0.176 15.4 0.381 20.1 g 25.7 g .. 33.0 g
185 Burundi 0.423 0.296 30.1 5 29.6 28.5 0.454 39.5 0.253 20.9 0.225 17.9 31.0 .. 38.6
186 South Sudan 0.413 0.264 36.1 -1 36.0 36.2 0.369 39.6 0.182 32.3 0.274 12.5 g 33.2 g .. 46.3 g
187 Chad 0.401 0.250 37.7 -1 37.4 40.9 0.309 43.0 0.164 28.4 0.307 14.6 32.4 .. 43.3
188 Central African Republic 0.381 0.222 41.6 -1 41.3 40.1 0.302 34.5 0.231 49.2 0.157 10.3 f 46.2 f .. 56.2 f
189 Niger 0.377 0.272 27.9 3 27.4 30.9 0.447 35.0 0.161 16.4 0.279 19.6 27.0 .. 34.3
OTHER COUNTRIES OR TERRITORIES
Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of) .. .. .. .. .. 11.5 0.709 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Monaco .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Nauru .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 23.9 0.592 .. .. .. ..
San Marino .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Somalia .. .. .. .. .. 38.9 0.348 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
Tuvalu .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10.5 .. .. .. 17.4 30.7 .. 39.1
Human development groups
Very high human development 0.892 0.796 10.7 - 10.5 5.2 0.868 7.0 0.796 19.3 0.730 18.2 27.6 14.9 -
High human development 0.750 0.615 17.9 - 17.6 10.0 0.764 14.8 0.563 27.9 0.541 16.6 31.1 .. -
Medium human development 0.634 0.470 25.9 - 25.4 20.5 0.604 36.3 0.342 19.6 0.502 19.4 29.9 .. -
Low human development 0.507 0.349 31.1 - 30.9 30.4 0.442 37.4 0.261 25.0 0.368 16.4 32.1 .. -
Developing countries 0.686 0.533 22.3 - 22.2 16.6 0.655 25.6 0.435 24.3 0.532 17.6 30.8 .. -
Regions
Arab States 0.703 0.531 24.5 - 24.2 15.0 0.679 32.5 0.386 25.0 0.571 20.6 26.9 .. -
East Asia and the Pacific 0.741 0.618 16.6 - 16.3 9.8 0.766 13.5 0.550 25.6 0.560 17.2 29.5 .. -
Europe and Central Asia 0.779 0.688 11.7 - 11.6 9.7 0.753 8.3 0.682 16.8 0.634 19.9 26.7 .. -
Latin America and the Caribbean 0.759 0.589 22.3 - 21.7 11.6 0.754 19.5 0.553 34.1 0.491 13.1 37.3 .. -
South Asia 0.642 0.476 25.9 - 25.3 20.2 0.611 37.5 0.340 18.4 0.520 19.9 29.7 .. -
Sub-Saharan Africa 0.541 0.376 30.5 - 30.4 29.7 0.445 34.0 0.308 27.6 0.387 15.4 33.8 .. -
Least developed countries 0.528 0.377 28.6 - 28.4 26.3 0.510 36.3 0.275 22.5 0.383 17.6 31.1 .. -
Small island developing states 0.723 0.549 24.0 - 23.6 16.6 0.665 19.7 0.503 34.3 0.496 .. .. .. -
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 0.895 0.791 11.7 - 11.4 5.3 0.880 8.0 0.783 20.9 0.717 18.0 28.0 14.2 -
World 0.731 0.584 20.2 - 20.1 14.7 0.690 22.3 0.492 23.3 0.586 17.7 30.2 .. -
NOTES
a. See http://hdr.undp.org/en/composite/IHDI for the list of surveys used to estimate inequalities.
b. Based on countries for which an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index value is calculated.
c. Calculated by HDRO from the 2015-2020 period life tables from UNDESA (2019b).
d. Data refer to 2018 or the most recent year available.
e. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
f. Refers to 2008.
g. Refers to 2009.
DEFINITIONS
Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development?a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2019_technical_notes.pdf  for details on how the HDI is calculated.
Inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI): HDI value adjusted for inequalities in the three basic dimensions of human development. See Technical note 2 at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2019_technical_notes.pdf  for details on how the IHDI is calculated.
Overall loss: Percentage difference between the IHDI value and the HDI value.
Difference from HDI rank: Difference in ranks on the IHDI and the HDI, calculated only for countries for which an IHDI value is calculated.
Coefficient of human inequality: Average inequality in three basic dimensions of human development.
Inequality in life expectancy: Inequality in distribution of expected length of life based on data from life tables estimated using the Atkinson inequality index. 
Inequality-adjusted life expectancy index: HDI life expectancy index value adjusted for inequality in distribution of expected length of life based on data from life tables listed in Main data sources.
Inequality in education: Inequality in distribution of years of schooling based on data from household surveys estimated using the Atkinson inequality index.
Inequality-adjusted education index: HDI education index value adjusted for inequality in distribution of years of schooling based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources.
Inequality in income: Inequality in income distribution based on data from household surveys estimated using the Atkinson inequality index.
Inequality-adjusted income index: HDI income index value adjusted for inequality in income distribution based on data from household surveys listed in Main data sources.
Income shares (%): Percentage share of income (or consumption) is the share that accrues to indicated subgroups of population.
Income share held by richest 1%: Share of pre-tax national income held by the richest 1 percent of the population. Pre-tax national income  is the sum of all pre-tax personal income flows accruing to the owners of the production factors, labour and capital, before taking into account the tax/transfer system, and after taking into account the pension system.
Gini coefficient: Measure of the deviation of the distribution of income among individuals or households within a country from a perfectly equal distribution. A value of 0 represents absolute equality, a value of 100 absolute inequality.
MAIN DATA SOURCES
Column 1: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2019b), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2019), United Nations Statistics Division (2019b), World Bank (2019a), Barro and Lee (2018) and IMF (2019).
Column 2: Calculated as the geometric mean of the values in inequality-adjusted life expectancy index, inequality-adjusted education index and inequality-adjusted income index using the methodology in Technical note 2 (available at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2019_technical_notes.pdf).
Column 3: Calculated based on data in columns 1 and 2.
Column 4: Calculated based on IHDI values and recalculated HDI ranks for countries for which an IHDI value is calculated.
Column 5: Calculated as the arithmetic mean of the values in inequality in life expectancy, inequality in education and inequality in income using the methodology in Technical note 2 (available at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2019_technical_notes.pdf).
Column 6: Calculated based on abridged life tables from UNDESA (2019b). World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. New York. https://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/. 
Column 7: Calculated based on inequality in life expectancy and the HDI life expectancy index.
Columns 8 and 10: Calculated based on data from the Luxembourg Income Study database, Eurostat?s European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions, the World Bank?s International Income Distribution Database, the Center for Distributive, Labor and Social Studies and the World Bank?s Socio-Economic Database for Latin America and the Caribbean, ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys and United Nations Children?s Fund Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys using the methodology in Technical note 2 (available at http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2019_technical _notes.pdf).
Column 9: Calculated based on inequality in education and the HDI education index.
Source

Human Development Indices: A statistical update 2019

Source:  United Nations Development Programme

The Human Development Report is a reliable source and an alternative perspective on critical issues for human development worldwide. Featuring the Human Development Index, every report presents agenda-setting data and analysis and calls international attention to issues and policy options that put people at the center of strategies to meet the challenges of development today - economic, social, political, and cultural.
Last update in UNdata: 2020/02/06
Next update in UNdata: 2021/02/01