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Country or TerritoryStation NameWMO Station NumberNational Station Id NumberPeriodElement-Statistic Qualifier CodeStatistic DescriptionUnitJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual Annual NCDC Computed Value 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFFaiz abad40904 1961-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm49.4 65.0 91.9 97.9 77.0 8.2 5.8 1.0 1.5 23.4 29.7 34.1 40.4 484.9 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFSheberghan40908 1959-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm42.3 44.3 56.4 25.9 11.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.2 6.6 13.6 29.8 19.2 230.5 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFMazar-i-Sharif40911 1958-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm28.9 34.8 43.8 28.3 11.2 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.1 3.9 13.5 21.7 15.5 186.4 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFKunduz40913 1968-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm44.0 56.5 76.7 54.4 29.8 0.1 1.3 0.3 0.1 7.3 23.7 28.4 26.8 322.6 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFMaimana40922 1964-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm49.9 60.5 82.2 60.5 25.6 1.0 0.5 0.0 0.2 9.6 20.9 44.7 29.6 355.6 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFNorth Salang40930 1959-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm108.7 142.0 185.9 197.8 123.7 10.0 6.8 6.7 7.5 30.2 68.4 104.3 82.7 992.0 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFJabulsaraj40932 1964-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm60.7 88.0 107.6 97.2 29.8 1.4 3.0 2.1 3.3 10.7 21.2 37.2 38.5 462.2 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFQalai naw40937 1962-1982 Mean Monthly Valuemm63.9 77.0 97.5 47.3 12.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.6 6.7 17.9 53.4 30.9 376.6 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFHerat40938 1959-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm51.6 44.8 55.1 29.2 9.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 10.9 35.8 19.9 238.9 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFChakhcharan40942 1964-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm30.9 32.2 40.0 35.3 20.1 0.4 0.1 0.5 0.0 11.0 15.8 18.1 17.0 204.4 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFBamiyan40945 1969-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm8.3 15.7 27.4 29.8 26.0 5.7 1.0 0.0 3.1 4.2 7.5 4.3 11.0 133.0 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFKabul40948 1956-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm34.3 60.1 67.9 71.9 23.4 1.0 6.2 1.6 1.7 3.7 18.6 21.6 26.0 312.0 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFJalal Abad40954 1964-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm18.1 24.3 39.2 36.4 16.0 1.4 6.9 7.7 8.3 3.2 8.3 12.1 -9999.91181.9 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFGhazni40968 1958-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm40.2 53.9 70.9 49.9 19.7 1.9 14.1 4.7 0.5 4.1 11.3 25.8 24.7 297.0 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFGardiz40970 1970-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm35.8 61.7 65.5 50.4 21.7 4.8 15.8 7.5 0.9 5.8 12.4 33.2 26.3 315.5 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFKhost40971 1972-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm25.9 53.6 61.8 65.2 39.8 21.6 75.9 62.0 30.5 7.7 11.6 20.9 39.7 476.5 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFFarah40974 1960-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm24.3 22.8 22.5 8.5 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.3 3.3 10.3 7.9 95.1 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFTrinkot40977 1960-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm48.9 61.7 62.2 18.3 8.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 0.0 4.8 12.6 30.3 20.7 248.2 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFZaranj40986 1960-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm19.7 9.9 11.2 2.4 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.2 1.4 5.1 4.3 51.5 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFBust40988 1958-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm26.2 27.5 29.2 8.4 2.5 0.0 0.3 0.1 0.0 2.0 3.9 14.9 9.6 115.0 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFKandahar40990 1960-1983 Mean Monthly Valuemm54.0 42.0 41.1 18.7 2.2 0.0 2.3 1.0 0.0 2.3 7.0 20.0 15.8 190.6 
ALBANIAVLORE13600 1961-1990 Mean Monthly Valuemm-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91879.6 -9999.91
ALBANIAVLORE13600 1961-1990 Minimum Monthly Valuemm10.5 19.1 7.4 13.6 0.8 0.7 0.0 0.0 1.1 0.2 29.5 23.7 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAVLORE13600 1961-1990 First Quintilemm41.6 28.9 35.5 32.6 16.3 3.7 0.1 1.7 14.8 34.1 54.3 59.8 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAVLORE13600 1961-1990 Second Quintilemm80.7 56.0 56.3 36.0 33.0 9.1 4.8 14.0 34.8 74.0 95.3 100.4 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAVLORE13600 1961-1990 Third Quintilemm113.5 86.3 90.4 65.3 56.8 19.1 12.4 21.1 69.2 124.1 138.4 145.0 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAVLORE13600 1961-1990 Fourth Quintilemm131.1 117.8 117.8 97.4 70.9 40.1 27.1 42.0 119.5 178.0 177.5 187.5 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAVLORE13600 1961-1990 Maximum Monthly Valuemm255.4 233.4 193.5 161.9 148.2 102.6 65.3 99.0 227.9 268.0 375.2 353.0 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAKUKES13610 1961-1990 Mean Monthly Valuemm-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91909.8 -9999.91
ALBANIAKUKES13610 1961-1990 Minimum Monthly Valuemm0.8 4.1 2.7 23.5 11.4 21.4 0.0 1.1 3.0 0.0 0.4 1.1 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAKUKES13610 1961-1990 First Quintilemm35.2 22.4 46.1 46.0 35.9 26.1 12.7 20.0 15.5 20.8 55.9 51.6 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAKUKES13610 1961-1990 Second Quintilemm51.6 50.9 67.8 66.0 57.0 37.3 30.2 32.3 36.4 47.2 87.2 90.8 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAKUKES13610 1961-1990 Third Quintilemm82.6 65.3 80.2 81.9 73.0 54.5 42.3 52.9 68.2 78.7 111.9 107.3 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAKUKES13610 1961-1990 Fourth Quintilemm136.9 96.6 103.3 99.4 85.5 74.6 70.4 77.4 85.9 115.0 172.0 154.7 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAKUKES13610 1961-1990 Maximum Monthly Valuemm275.3 205.4 167.4 159.4 181.5 126.5 167.2 136.6 231.0 275.2 400.3 241.0 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIATIRANE13615 1961-1990 Mean Monthly Valuemm-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.911219.1 -9999.91
ALBANIATIRANE13615 1961-1990 Minimum Monthly Valuemm2.4 18.6 14.4 26.9 7.2 4.6 0.0 0.0 11.5 0.0 17.1 21.4 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIATIRANE13615 1961-1990 First Quintilemm56.5 62.8 58.4 58.9 34.4 22.1 5.0 9.1 40.5 31.2 84.0 56.9 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIATIRANE13615 1961-1990 Second Quintilemm77.2 86.5 83.7 78.6 50.8 50.5 20.2 27.6 51.1 55.8 108.6 106.7 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIATIRANE13615 1961-1990 Third Quintilemm152.5 115.7 128.8 103.3 73.4 74.2 37.4 44.2 99.5 108.2 147.5 187.2 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIATIRANE13615 1961-1990 Fourth Quintilemm206.9 159.4 167.0 150.3 157.2 114.2 48.3 58.7 133.2 168.5 232.2 211.7 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIATIRANE13615 1961-1990 Maximum Monthly Valuemm304.3 288.4 308.7 214.5 228.4 167.1 168.3 178.7 175.3 340.5 390.9 257.8 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIASHKODER13622 1961-1990 Mean Monthly Valuemm-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.911884.4 -9999.91
ALBANIASHKODER13622 1961-1990 Minimum Monthly Valuemm0.3 32.1 21.4 29.2 4.3 8.7 0.0 4.8 6.6 0.0 17.9 46.3 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIASHKODER13622 1961-1990 First Quintilemm74.8 72.8 93.4 67.0 34.2 27.8 2.4 19.9 29.8 71.8 136.3 120.0 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIASHKODER13622 1961-1990 Second Quintilemm171.8 129.6 132.7 97.5 59.4 44.8 22.6 36.5 83.0 157.5 220.9 213.4 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIASHKODER13622 1961-1990 Third Quintilemm230.4 186.6 155.4 174.0 126.4 60.3 36.4 83.1 125.2 212.9 269.8 280.7 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIASHKODER13622 1961-1990 Fourth Quintilemm311.2 261.2 227.6 241.3 168.6 109.4 55.4 99.5 303.5 285.6 375.4 367.9 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIASHKODER13622 1961-1990 Maximum Monthly Valuemm493.2 394.2 366.4 382.2 305.8 246.6 130.5 339.5 504.0 465.9 617.2 523.5 -9999.91-9999.91
ALBANIAGJIROKASTRA13625 1961-1990 Mean Monthly Valuemm-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.911887.5 -9999.91

Footnotes

1 - code for missing value
Source

World Meteorological Organization Standard Normals

Source:  World Meteorological Organization

WMO data provide the basis for better understanding the climatology of severe weather and extreme events such as tropical cyclones, El Niño, floods, heat waves, cold waves, droughts and other natural hazards, contributing to saving both lives and property, and improving our understanding and monitoring of the climate system and environment. WMO has drawn attention to issues of major concern, such as ozone layer depletion, global warming, climate change and diminishing water resources.

WMO enhances the application of meteorological and hydrological information for the security and well-being of society. Such information is crucial for addressing major challenges such as food security, water resources management, reduction of pollution, decision-making related to the health sector, transport, tourism among others.

WMO provides guidelines to use procedures for analysing climate data for climate change purposes as well as for other applications. This includes, inter-alia, analysis of extremes in a changing climate, the role of climatological normals in a changing climate and climate data homogenisation. Description of processes, methodologies and practices in climatology are provided within a mandatory publication representing the WMO guide to climatological practices.

WMO defines climatological standard normals as "averages of climatological data computed for the following consecutive periods of 30 years: January 1, 1901 to December 31, 1930, January 1, 1931 to December 31, 1960, etc." (WMO, 1984).The latest global standard normals period is 1961-1990. The next standard normals periode is January 1991 – December 2020.
Last update in UNdata: 14 Jul 2010
Next update in UNdata: To be confirmed