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Country or TerritoryStation NameWMO Station NumberNational Station Id NumberPeriodElement-Statistic Qualifier CodeStatistic DescriptionUnitJan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual Annual NCDC Computed Value 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFFaiz abad40904 1964-1983 Mean Number of Hours*117.3 116.7 149.2 186.2 256.9 313.6 324.5 305.2 279.1 224.2 176.4 127.3 205.3 2576.6 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFSheberghan40908 1964-1983 Mean Number of Hours*115.3 124.1 162.3 198.2 297.9 364.3 365.9 346.1 304.6 242.9 175.8 125.7 236.9 2823.1 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFMazar-i-Sharif40911 1959-1983 Mean Number of Hours*122.2 118.4 158.1 193.8 299.9 352.9 364.4 332.7 298.2 223.2 173.6 125.5 229.9 2762.9 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFKunduz40913 1958-1983 Mean Number of Hours*114.4 114.6 158.9 201.0 276.5 332.1 340.2 315.5 289.7 221.8 169.3 118.3 229.5 2652.3 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFMaimana40922 1959-1983 Mean Number of Hours*136.6 117.7 169.3 195.9 306.0 370.0 381.2 352.5 303.5 237.2 159.1 137.9 239.6 2866.9 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFNorth Salang40930 1960-1983 Mean Number of Hours*112.8 105.8 128.4 154.5 215.1 269.9 287.6 276.6 226.5 184.3 149.4 118.5 188.2 2229.4 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFJabulsaraj40932 1961-1983 Mean Number of Hours*167.3 163.8 195.6 217.1 304.1 353.1 354.7 329.8 306.1 275.9 224.4 167.3 260.3 3059.2 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFQalai naw40937 1970-1983 Mean Number of Hours*127.4 120.8 170.9 162.5 264.0 344.8 367.2 334.0 310.8 197.0 175.4 110.2 201.4 2685.0 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFHerat40938 1958-1983 Mean Number of Hours*149.3 153.5 202.5 235.7 329.6 362.6 378.6 344.8 323.2 274.0 235.0 143.1 253.8 3131.9 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFChakhcharan40942 1968-1983 Mean Number of Hours*146.4 150.2 198.6 223.9 320.6 383.9 389.4 358.0 344.7 267.7 217.9 154.7 250.1 3156.0 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFBamiyan40945 1960-1983 Mean Number of Hours*196.7 174.6 210.7 239.4 28.6 356.9 372.9 357.8 325.3 276.7 245.5 198.0 272.5 2983.1 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFKabul40948 1956-1983 Mean Number of Hours*177.2 178.6 204.5 232.5 310.3 353.4 356.8 339.7 303.9 282.6 253.2 182.4 264.5 3175.1 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFJalal Abad40954 1959-1983 Mean Number of Hours*180.9 182.7 207.1 227.8 304.8 339.6 325.9 299.7 293.6 277.6 231.0 185.6 257.5 3056.3 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFGhazni40968 1958-1983 Mean Number of Hours*175.3 174.8 227.6 258.6 314.3 346.2 353.2 341.8 324.5 293.9 256.4 194.6 269.6 3261.2 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFGardiz40970 1964-1983 Mean Number of Hours*171.5 166.8 214.2 242.9 316.2 357.5 343.0 335.8 329.8 302.4 253.9 200.4 270.7 3234.4 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFKhost40971 1962-1982 Mean Number of Hours*207.7 189.9 220.1 226.7 292.2 285.3 252.8 250.3 274.8 256.1 248.0 180.9 239.5 2884.8 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFFarah40974 1960-1983 Mean Number of Hours*204.3 198.1 236.3 253.3 333.4 360.6 358.9 345.8 318.2 288.4 251.1 201.9 276.5 3350.3 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFTrinkot40977 1972-1982 Mean Number of Hours*194.4 167.2 219.1 260.8 341.1 378.3 359.5 349.3 327.2 288.1 260.9 200.4 281.4 3346.3 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFBust40988 1960-1983 Mean Number of Hours*200.5 194.5 236.9 267.6 335.5 348.2 336.8 313.3 322.7 283.4 253.7 208.9 278.1 3302.0 
AFGHANISTAN, ISLAMIC STATE OFKandahar40990 1964-1983 Mean Number of Hours*199.9 180.6 234.6 254.7 346.1 369.7 342.2 338.5 322.9 306.7 263.8 216.1 281.3 3375.8 
ALBANIAVLORE13600 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.912745.2 -9999.91
ALBANIAKUKES13610 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.911973.1 -9999.91
ALBANIATIRANE13615 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.912543.9 -9999.91
ALBANIASHKODER13622 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.912369.2 -9999.91
ALBANIAGJIROKASTRA13625 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.912456.8 -9999.91
ALBANIAKORCE13629 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.912339.9 -9999.91
ARGENTINAORAN AERO87016 1961-1990 Percent of Possible*46.0 43.0 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.9130.0 -9999.9149.0 -9999.91-9999.9144.0 42.0 -9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINAORAN AERO87016 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*192.2 156.8 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.9196.0 -9999.91173.6 -9999.91-9999.91174.0 179.8 -9999.91972.4 
ARGENTINAORAN AERO87016 1961-199006Mean Number of Hours*6.2 5.6 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.913.2 -9999.915.6 -9999.91-9999.915.8 5.8 -9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINAORAN AERO87016 1961-199037Number of Years used to Calculate Normal*26 26 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.9125 -9999.9126 -9999.91-9999.9126 26 -9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINASALTA AERO87047 1961-1990 Percent of Possible*39.0 37.0 28.0 33.0 40.0 -9999.9152.0 56.0 45.0 47.0 43.0 39.0 -9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINASALTA AERO87047 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*164.3 134.4 105.4 117.0 136.4 -9999.91173.6 195.3 162.0 182.9 171.0 164.3 -9999.911706.6 
ARGENTINASALTA AERO87047 1961-199006Mean Number of Hours*5.3 4.8 3.4 3.9 4.4 -9999.915.6 6.3 5.4 5.9 5.7 5.3 -9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINASALTA AERO87047 1961-199037Number of Years used to Calculate Normal*29 29 29 27 29 -9999.9126 27 26 26 29 29 -9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINALAS LOMITAS87078 1961-1990 Percent of Possible*64.0 68.0 62.0 59.0 56.0 51.0 58.0 60.0 57.0 63.0 64.0 62.0 60.0 -9999.91
ARGENTINALAS LOMITAS87078 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*272.8 246.4 235.6 210.0 192.2 162.0 192.2 213.9 207.0 260.4 261.0 263.5 2717.0 2717.0 
ARGENTINALAS LOMITAS87078 1961-199006Mean Number of Hours*8.8 8.8 7.6 7.0 6.2 5.4 6.2 6.9 6.9 8.4 8.7 8.5 7.5 -9999.91
ARGENTINALAS LOMITAS87078 1961-199037Number of Years used to Calculate Normal*29 29 30 29 29 29 29 28 28 28 28 29 -9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINASANTIAGO DEL ESTERO AERO87129 1961-1990 Percent of Possible*54.0 58.0 48.0 47.0 44.0 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.9152.0 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINASANTIAGO DEL ESTERO AERO87129 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*229.4 210.0 182.9 162.0 148.8 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91213.0 -9999.91-9999.911146.1 
ARGENTINASANTIAGO DEL ESTERO AERO87129 1961-199006Mean Number of Hours*7.4 7.5 5.9 5.4 4.8 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.917.1 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINASANTIAGO DEL ESTERO AERO87129 1961-199037Number of Years used to Calculate Normal*26 25 27 27 26 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.91-9999.9125 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINAPRESIDENCIA R S PE%A AERO87149 1961-1990 Percent of Possible*-9999.91-9999.9158.0 51.0 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.9157.0 55.0 62.0 62.0 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINAPRESIDENCIA R S PE%A AERO87149 1961-1990 Mean Number of Hours*-9999.91-9999.91223.2 174.0 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91198.4 198.0 248.0 249.0 -9999.91-9999.911290.6 
ARGENTINAPRESIDENCIA R S PE%A AERO87149 1961-199006Mean Number of Hours*-9999.91-9999.917.2 5.8 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.916.4 6.6 8.0 8.3 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINAPRESIDENCIA R S PE%A AERO87149 1961-199037Number of Years used to Calculate Normal*-9999.91-9999.9126 26 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.9126 25 27 26 -9999.91-9999.91-9999.91
ARGENTINAFORMOSA AERO87162 1963-1990 Percent of Possible*66.0 65.0 60.0 58.0 60.0 54.0 58.0 52.0 52.0 59.0 64.0 67.0 60.0 -9999.91
ARGENTINAFORMOSA AERO87162 1963-1990 Mean Number of Hours*279.0 235.2 229.4 201.0 201.5 171.0 192.2 179.8 186.0 232.5 255.0 282.1 2644.7 2644.7 
ARGENTINAFORMOSA AERO87162 1963-199006Mean Number of Hours*9.0 8.4 7.4 6.7 6.5 5.7 6.2 5.8 6.2 7.5 8.5 9.1 7.3 -9999.91
ARGENTINAFORMOSA AERO87162 1963-199037Number of Years used to Calculate Normal*28 28 26 28 27 28 27 28 26 27 28 26 -9999.91-9999.91

Footnotes

1 - code for missing value
Source

World Meteorological Organization Standard Normals

Source:  World Meteorological Organization

WMO data provide the basis for better understanding the climatology of severe weather and extreme events such as tropical cyclones, El Niño, floods, heat waves, cold waves, droughts and other natural hazards, contributing to saving both lives and property, and improving our understanding and monitoring of the climate system and environment. WMO has drawn attention to issues of major concern, such as ozone layer depletion, global warming, climate change and diminishing water resources.

WMO enhances the application of meteorological and hydrological information for the security and well-being of society. Such information is crucial for addressing major challenges such as food security, water resources management, reduction of pollution, decision-making related to the health sector, transport, tourism among others.

WMO provides guidelines to use procedures for analysing climate data for climate change purposes as well as for other applications. This includes, inter-alia, analysis of extremes in a changing climate, the role of climatological normals in a changing climate and climate data homogenisation. Description of processes, methodologies and practices in climatology are provided within a mandatory publication representing the WMO guide to climatological practices.

WMO defines climatological standard normals as "averages of climatological data computed for the following consecutive periods of 30 years: January 1, 1901 to December 31, 1930, January 1, 1931 to December 31, 1960, etc." (WMO, 1984).The latest global standard normals period is 1961-1990. The next standard normals periode is January 1991 – December 2020.
Last update in UNdata: 14 Jul 2010
Next update in UNdata: To be confirmed