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Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 17363  
Population (est., 000) 1268  
Pop. density (per sq km) 73.0  
Capital city Mbabane Mbabane is the administrative capital and Lobamba is the legislative capital.  
Capital city pop. (000) 66  
Currency Lilangeni (SZL)  
UN membership date 24 September 1968  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 3523  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 3892  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2584  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 2819.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3261.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2339.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 2930.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3303.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2500.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 10.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 9.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 10.49 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.63 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6.32 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 239  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -388  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -103  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 121 2009. Index base 2007=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 22.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 22.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 22.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 43.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 42.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 71.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 70.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 968  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 868  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 837  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 37 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 39  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 36  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 71.5 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 60.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 18.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 24.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 11.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.7 ITU estimate.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population (%) 2014 21.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 37.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 6.2/4.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 48.5/49.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 64.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 65.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 25.5/2.0 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 1133  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 7.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 88.9/95.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 50.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 33.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 6.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 34  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 33.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 4.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 74.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 57.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 1049/0.9  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 38.0  
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