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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 1267000  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 20715  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 16.4  
Capital city 2015 Niamey  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1090  
Currency 2015 CFA Franc (XOF)  
UN membership date 2013 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 8169  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5719  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 3369  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 6.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 8.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 7.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 427.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 351.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 249.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 39.2 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 43.8 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 45.5 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 20.9 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 16.7 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 11.8 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 39.9 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 39.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 42.7 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 56.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 11.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 31.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 2.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 2.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 40.2/89.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 39.8/90.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 39.2/90.7 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 134 African population. Niamey.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 128 African population. Niamey. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114 African population. Niamey.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 132 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 145  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 132 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 145  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -1150 2013.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1136  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -312  
Exports (million US$) 2015 1049.7 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 2151.1 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -1101.4 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 France (36.5), Burkina Faso (15.7), Nigeria (12.7) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (22.6), France (14.6), United States (5.3) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.0  
Urban population (%) 2015 18.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 7.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 61.6/59.9  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 113  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 189.3/1.0 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 135  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 202186  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 60  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.8  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.8  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 65.0/75.9  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 15.6/22.1  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 0.9/2.6 2012.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 4.5 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 13.3  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 44.4 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 2.0 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 31  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 0.9 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 1962/0.1  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 101  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 5.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 17.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/48.6  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 37.9/4.7  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 11.4  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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