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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 118484  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 17750  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 188.3  
Capital city 2015 Lilongwe  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 905  
Currency 2015 Malawi Kwacha (MWK)  
UN membership date 2013 1 December 1964  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 5720  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 6960  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 3656  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 6.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 4.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 4.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 342.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 471.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 286.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 29.0 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 31.9 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 37.1 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 15.7 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 16.4 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 16.8 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 55.3 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 51.7 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 46.1 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 64.1 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 7.4 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 28.5 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 6.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 81.2/80.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 83.6/80.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 78.7/85.8 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 636 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 309  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 199  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 187 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 155  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 85  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 193 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 157  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 85  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -1078  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -969  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -507  
Exports (million US$) 2015 1341.9 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 2774.4 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -1432.5 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Belgium (12.8), Mozambique (9.7), South Africa (7.8) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 South Africa (19.0), Mozambique (11.8), India (11.8) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Urban population (%) 2015 16.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 62.0/59.9  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 95  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 215.2/1.3 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 795 2013. Departures.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 22632  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 60  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 11.4  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.9  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 148.0/145.1  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 37.5/41.4  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 0.6/1.0 2011.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 1.8 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 16.7  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 30.5 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 5.8 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 171  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 33.8 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 1272/0.1  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 87  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 6.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 16.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 95.7/89.1  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 47.3/39.8  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 22.8  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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