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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 390757  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 15967  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 41.3  
Capital city 2015 Harare  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1501  
Currency 2015 Zimbabwe Dollar (ZWL)  
UN membership date 2013 25 August 1980  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 14719  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9422  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6223  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 3.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 11.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 -4.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 965.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 674.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 479.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 13.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 14.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 12.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 31.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 30.7  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 41.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 55.7  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 54.9  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 45.9  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 65.8 2011.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 64.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2004.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 9.1 2011.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 9.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2004.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 25.0 2011.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 15.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. 2004.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 11.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 77.6/87.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 78.0/88.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 82.5/90.2 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 112 Index base: 2009=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 103 Break in the time series. Index base: 2009=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Annual average is calculated as geometric mean of monthly indices. Index base: 2005=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 107 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 98 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 91  
Exports (million US$) 2015 2704.1  
Imports (million US$) 2015 6002.2  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -3298.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 South Africa (71.1), Mozambique (15.1), United Arab Emirates (5.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 South Africa (38.4), Singapore (22.3), China (7.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Urban population (%) 2015 32.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 56.0/53.6  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 80  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 398.9/2.6 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1905 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 308091 Estimate.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 48  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.4 Estimates should be viewed with caution as these are derived from scarce data.  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 0.1 2011.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 99.1/100.8 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 47.1/48.1 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 5.4/6.4 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 6.7 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 31.5  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 80.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 19.9 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 60  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 38.0 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 13781/0.9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 422  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 32.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 26.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.0/67.3  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 49.3/30.9  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 6.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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