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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 390757  
Population (est., 000) 14599  
Pop. density (per sq km) 37.4  
Capital city Harare  
Capital city pop. (000) 1495  
Currency ...  
UN membership date 25 August 1980  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 13490  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 9422  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6223  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 11.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -4.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 953.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 720.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 489.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 937.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 714.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 481.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 13.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 2.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 ... Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 ... Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 80.77 Official rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 112 Index base 2009=100. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 103 Index base 2009=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Series replacing former series. Index base 2005=100. Annual average is calculated as the geometric mean of monthly indices.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 91  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 9.3 2004. ISIC Rev.3. June. Excluding electricity, gas and water supply.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 64.8 2004. ISIC Rev.3. June.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 83.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 83.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 83.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 89.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 89.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 90.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1833 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2239 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1559 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 381 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 359  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 379  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 96.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 58.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 5.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 18.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 11.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 8.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 3507.3  
Imports (million US$) 2013 7704.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -4196.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 South Africa (74.5), Mozambique (10.5), United Arab Emirates (6.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 South Africa (47.5), United Kingdom (18.4), China (5.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 32.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 39.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 6.4/5.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.8/58.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 37.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 58.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 361.0/2.6 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 66151  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 80.7/82.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 46.3  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 10.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 31.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 60  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 38.7  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 26.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 80.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 40.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 9861/0.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 30.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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