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Map
Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (square kilometres) 390757  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 12754  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 32.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Harare (1542)  
United Nations membership date 25 August 1980  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 8865  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 7433  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 6223  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 10.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 9.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 -4.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 695.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 591.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 495.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 679.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 585.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 487.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 23.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 14.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 2.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 ... Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 ... Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 80.77 Official rate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 107 Index base 2009=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 103 Index base 2009=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 Annual average is calculated as geometric mean of monthly indices. Series replacing former series. Index base 2005=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 96  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 91  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 9.3 2004. June. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Excludes electricity, gas and water supply.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 64.8 2004. June. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 83.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 82.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 83.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 89.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 89.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 90.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 2423 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2239 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1559 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 2294 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 2836  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 74.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 64.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 15.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 11.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 3512.1  
Imports (million US$) 2011 8599.3  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -5087.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 South Africa (67.2), United Arab Emirates (5.9), China (5.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 South Africa (56.2), Kuwait (9.3), United States (6.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 39.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 37.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.8/5.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 52.7/54.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 60.2 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 372.3/2.9 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 59675  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 43.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.3/24.5 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 15.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 57  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 40.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 8907/0.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 261.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 841  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.3/25.5  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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