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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 752612  
Population (est., 000) 15021  
Pop. density (per sq km) 20.0  
Capital city Lusaka  
Capital city pop. (000) 2078  
Currency Zambia Kwacha (ZMW)  
UN membership date 1 December 1964  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 22384  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 16190  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 7179  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1539.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1225.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 625.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1456.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1121.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 570.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 25.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 5.51 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4.80 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.51 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 192  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1206  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -598  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 508  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 420  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 251  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 112 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 71 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 179  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 162  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 187  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 170  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 13.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 13.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 15.9  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 7.1 ISIC Rev.2. November to December.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 72.2 ISIC Rev.2. November to December.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 73.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 73.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 73.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 85.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 85.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 86.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 915  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 815  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 669  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 344 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 322  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 280  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 71.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 41.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 15.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 10.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 2.9 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 10594.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 10161.8  
Balance (million US$) 2013 432.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Switzerland (37.0), China (21.3), Dem. Rep. of Congo (11.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 South Africa (30.3), Dem. Rep. of Congo (18.2), China (9.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Urban population (%) 2014 40.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 46.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.1/3.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 99.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 59.5/55.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 65.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 40.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 98.9/0.7 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 53916  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 1.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 31.6 UNESCO estimate. 2000.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 10.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 12.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 79  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 66.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 37.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 63.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 43.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 3047/0.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 27.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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