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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Zambia Kwacha (ZMW)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 752612  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 14075  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 18.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lusaka (1802)  
United Nations membership date 1 December 1964  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 21490  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 16190  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 7179  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 7.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1526.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1225.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 625.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1402.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1121.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 570.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 26.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 5.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4.80 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.51 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1206  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -600  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 475 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 420  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 251  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 157  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 143  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 156  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 148  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 7.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. November to December. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 72.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. November to December. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 73.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 73.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 73.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 85.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 85.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 86.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 859  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 815  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 669  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 970  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 852  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 75.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 41.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 13.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 10.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 2.9 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 9000.9 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 7177.8 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 1823.1 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Switzerland (48.9), China (16.7), South Africa (9.3) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 South Africa (35.7), Dem. Rep. of Congo (18.5), China (9.8) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 40.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 46.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.2/3.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 99.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 59.5/55.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 65.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 40.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 98.9/0.7 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 52306  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 1.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 106.3/111.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 31.6 UNESCO estimate. 2000.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/3.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 10.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 75  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 66.3  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 2426/0.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 117.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 843 Based on monthly averages for the period 1970-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 14.9/26.4 Based on monthly averages for the period 1970-2000.  
Trade Profile
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