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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 752612  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 16717  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 22.5  
Capital city 2015 Lusaka  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 2179  
Currency 2015 Zambian Kwacha (ZMW)  
UN membership date 2013 1 December 1964  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 26963  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 20265  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8332  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 5.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 10.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 7.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1715.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1456.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 691.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 9.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 10.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 15.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 31.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 34.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 28.6  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 59.6  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 55.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 55.9  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 52.2 Break in the time series. 2012.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 71.3 2008.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 72.2 Break in the time series. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 9.5 Break in the time series. 2012.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 7.5 2008.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 7.1 Break in the time series. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 38.3 Break in the time series. 2012.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 21.0 2008.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 20.6 Break in the time series. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 9.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 14.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 15.9 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 69.8/80.9 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 70.4/79.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 73.5/85.6 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 547  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 420  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 251  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 179 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 162  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 187 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 170  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 157 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2013.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 141 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -401  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1377  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -363 Break in the time series.  
Exports (million US$) 2015 9687.9 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 9539.0 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 148.9 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Switzerland (44.7), China (18.5), Dem. Rep. of Congo (8.3) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 South Africa (32.4), Dem. Rep. of Congo (15.3), China (9.0) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Urban population (%) 2015 40.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 60.3/57.2  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 95  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 127.9/0.8 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 947  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 51758  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 55  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.0  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 0.2 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 104.0/103.3 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 12.7  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 67.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 17.3 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 1.0  
Threatened species 2015 83  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 65.9 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 3825/0.3  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 362  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 26.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 37.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 85.6/51.3  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 55.6/35.7  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 3.9  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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