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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 527968  
Population (est., 000) 24969  
Pop. density (per sq km) 47.3  
Capital city Sana'a  
Capital city pop. (000) 2833  
Currency Yemeni Rial (YER)  
UN membership date 30 September 1947  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 34714  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 30907  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 19041  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1422.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1357.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 945.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1360.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1282.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 868.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 17.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 214.89 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 213.80 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 195.08 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1530  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1054  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 624  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 426  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 292 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 174  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 138  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 136  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 138  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 17.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 17.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 16.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.8 Child labour survey. Population aged 15-65. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 16.3 2004. Population census. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 24.7 Child labour survey. Population aged 15-65. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 31.0 2004. Population census. ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 25.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 24.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 23.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 72.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 71.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 990 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1025 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 336  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 629 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 803  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 844  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 69.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 48.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 11.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 20.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 12.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.1 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 7129.8  
Imports (million US$) 2013 13272.9  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -6143.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China (24.1), Thailand (19.3), Republic of Korea (12.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United Arab Emirates (16.7), China (7.8), Netherlands (7.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 34.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 39.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.9/4.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 101.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.4/61.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 56.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 27.7 2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 314.7/1.3 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 589710  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 66.9/84.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 29.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 4.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 0.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 285  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 1.0  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 0.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 55.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 53.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 22295/1.0  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 12.0  
Trade Profile
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