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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Yemeni Rial (YER)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 527968  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 23852  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 45.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Sana'a (2419)  
United Nations membership date 30 September 1947  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 32831  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 31167  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 19041  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1376.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1369.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 945.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1326.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1293.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 868.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 19.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 214.89 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 213.80 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 195.08 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1029 2011.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1381  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 624  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 384  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 292 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 174  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 141  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 136  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 142  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 18.8 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. Child labour survey. Age group 15 to 65 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 16.3 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2004. Population census. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 24.7 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. Child labour survey. Age group 15 to 65 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 31.0 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2004. Population census. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 25.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 24.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 23.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 71.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 71.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1174 From 2006, includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1025 From 2006, includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 336 From 2006, includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 20104  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 20080  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 54.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 46.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 11.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 17.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 12.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.1 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 7062.1  
Imports (million US$) 2012 11259.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -4197.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (41.0), Thailand (19.2), India (11.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United Arab Emirates (9.8), Switzerland (8.8), Netherlands (7.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Urban population (%) 2013 33.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 40.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.8/4.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 101.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.4/61.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 56.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 27.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 314.7/1.3 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 655104  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 63.0/81.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 29.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/3.5 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 0.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 286  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 1.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 21834/0.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 270.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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