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Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 266000 Comprising the Northern Region (former Saguia el Hamra) and Southern Region (former Rio de Oro).  
Population (est., 000) 586  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2.2  
Capital city El Aaiún  
Capital city pop. (000) 262  
Currency Morocco Dirham (MAD)  
Economic indicators
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Urban population (%) 2014 80.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 26.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.6/5.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 110.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 69.8/65.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 37.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 4.9/0.9 Estimate.  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 40  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 2.7  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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