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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Currency Dong (VND)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 330957  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 90796  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 274.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Hanoi (2955)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1977  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 155820  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 115932  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 57633  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 12.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1716.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1301.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 678.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1640.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1252.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 666.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 24.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 32.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 31.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 20828.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 18932.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 15916.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 9062  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -4276  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -560  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ... Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 208 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 126 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 174 The index is shown in terms of ISIC Rev.4.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 156 The index is shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The index is shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 128  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 1.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 21.1 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ... Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.2 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2006. Living standards survey. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 47.4 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ... Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 51.7 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 2006. Living standards survey. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 72.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 72.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 72.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 81.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 6848 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5050 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3477 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 57425  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 50528  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 149.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 127.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 11.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 39.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 30.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 12.7  
Exports (million US$) 2012 114529.2  
Imports (million US$) 2012 113780.4  
Balance (million US$) 2012 748.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (17.2), Japan (11.4), China (11.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (25.5), Republic of Korea (13.7), Japan (10.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 32.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 22.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 11.6/7.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/71.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 77.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 68.3/0.1 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 11500  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 78.3/84.4 1998.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/2.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 24.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 523  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 45.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 150107/1.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 481.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1676 Based on monthly averages for the period 1898-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.9/27.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1898-1990.  
Trade Profile
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