Find UNdata on Facebook Follow UNdata on Twitter Please send us your feedback

Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 330972  
Population (est., 000) 92548  
Pop. density (per sq km) 279.0  
Capital city Hanoi  
Capital city pop. (000) 3470 Refers to urban population in the city districts.  
Currency Dong (VND)  
UN membership date 20 September 1977  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 171222  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 115932  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 52917  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1867.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1301.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 622.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1785.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1252.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 666.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 23.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 32.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 32.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 21036.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 18932.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 15916.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 9471  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -4276  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -560  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 287  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 208 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 126 Series linked to former series.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 119 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 ... ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 136  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 133  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 2.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 2.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 21.1 Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.3 2011. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.2 2006. Living standards survey. ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 47.4 Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 48.4 2011. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 51.7 2006. Living standards survey. ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 73.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 72.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 72.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 82.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 7572 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5050 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3477 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 2860 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 2749  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 2612  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 130.9 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 125.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 11.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 43.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 30.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 12.7  
Exports (million US$) 2013 132032.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 132032.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 0.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (18.1), Japan (10.3), China (10.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (27.9), Republic of Korea (15.7), Japan (8.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 <  
Urban population (%) 2014 33.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 22.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 11.9/8.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/71.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 14.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 77.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 68.3/0.1 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 11000  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 46.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 3.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 24.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 538  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 45.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 2.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 95.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 75.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 173211/1.9  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 28.0  
Trade Profile
Copyright © 2016 - Conditions of Use
United Nations Statistics Division
Version v0.14.6 Beta