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Map
Viet Nam
Summary statistics
Region South-eastern Asia  
Currency Dong (VND)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 330957  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 88792  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 268.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Hanoi (2955)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1977  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 123600  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 106427  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 52917  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1392.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1211.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 636.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 1343.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1161.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 624.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 29.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 35.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 32.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 20828.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 18932.00 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 15916.00 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 236  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -4276  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -560  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 ... Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 208 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 126 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 167 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 156 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 127  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 21.3 Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2004. July.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 48.4 Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 57.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2004. July.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 73.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 73.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 73.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 81.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 6014 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5050 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3477 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 58316 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 51098  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 154.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 143.4  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 11.5 Mobile cellular subscriptions only.  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 35.1  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 30.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.7  
Exports (million US$) 2011 72236.7 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 84838.6 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -12601.9 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (19.7), China (10.7), Japan (10.7) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (23.8), Republic of Korea (11.5), Japan (10.6) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population (%) 2012 31.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 23.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 10.2/7.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/73.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 79.5  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 69.3/0.1 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 11211  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.7/86.9 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.5/2.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 512  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 44.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 142141/0.5  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 465.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1676  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 20.9/27.0  
Trade Profile
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