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Summary statistics
Region 2015 South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 330967  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 94444  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 304.6  
Capital city 2015 Hanoi  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 3629 Refers to urban population in the city districts.  
Currency 2015 Dong (VND)  
UN membership date 2013 20 September 1977  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 186205  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 115932  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 57633  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 6.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 6.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 7.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 2014.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1312.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 684.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 18.1 At producers' prices. Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 18.9 At producers' prices. Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 21.0 At producers' prices. Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 38.5 At producers' prices. Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 38.2 At producers' prices. Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 41.5 At producers' prices. Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 43.4 At producers' prices. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. Excludes repair of personal and household goods.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 42.9 At producers' prices. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. Excludes repair of personal and household goods.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 37.5 At producers' prices. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. Excludes repair of personal and household goods.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 46.8 Break in the time series. Excluding overseas territories. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 51.7 Break in the time series. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2006.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 57.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 21.2 Break in the time series. Excluding overseas territories. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 20.2 Break in the time series. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2006.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 17.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 32.0 Break in the time series. Excluding overseas territories. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 28.2 Break in the time series. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2006.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 24.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 1.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 2.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 73.6/83.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 72.5/81.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 72.5/81.8 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 299  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 208 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 126 Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 136 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 133 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 199  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 156  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 9359  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -4276  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -560  
Exports (million US$) 2015 150217.1 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 147839.0 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 2378.1 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (19.1), China (9.9), Japan (9.8) 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (29.5), Republic of Korea (14.7), Japan (8.7) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population (%) 2015 33.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 80.3/70.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 43  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 72.8/0.1 Including refugees. Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 7874 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 11000  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 19  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 7.1  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.2  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.3 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 108.6/110.0  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 31.2/29.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 1.5 2011.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 24.3  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 147.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 48.3 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 5.0  
Threatened species 2015 565  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 46.8 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 152624/1.7  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 2887  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 28.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 2.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.1/96.9  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 94.4/69.7  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 2.4  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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