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Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Bolívar (VEF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 912050  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 29955  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 32.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Caracas (3242)  
United Nations membership date 15 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 382424  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 393808  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 145513  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 12766.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 13559.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5444.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 12483.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 13392.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5362.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 19.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 4.29 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.59 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.15 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 11016  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 8812  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 25053  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 238 Index base 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 156 Index base 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 255 Metropolitan areas. Caracas.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 116  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 7.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 12.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 21.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Average of bi-annual estimates. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Second semester.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 7.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Average of bi-annual estimates. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 8.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 9.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Second semester.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 50.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 50.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 51.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 710  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 526  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 706  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 186138  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 200168  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 102.1 Preliminary.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 96.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 46.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 44.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 37.4 Country estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 12.6  
Exports (million US$) 2012 91338.3 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 36387.6 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 54950.7 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 S. America nes (31.1), Areas nes (29.8), N & C Ame nes (18.0) 2011. See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 United States (27.9), China (12.0), Brazil (8.6) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 93.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 28.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 10.0/8.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.6/71.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 70.3 1998.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1171.3/3.9  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 206893  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.7/93.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.1 National estimate.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.7/87.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 17.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 305  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 52.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 201582/7.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2593.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 913 Based on monthly averages for the period 1964-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.0/30.3 Based on monthly averages for the period 1964-1990.  
Trade Profile
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