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Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Bolivar Fuerte (VEF) Beginning 1 January 2008, 1 Bolivar Fuerte = 1000 Bolivares.  
Surface area (square kilometres) 912050  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 29437  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 32.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Caracas (3242)  
United Nations membership date 15 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 315893  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 393808  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 145514  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 10731.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 13589.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5457.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 10703.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 13421.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5375.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 17.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 4.29 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.59 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.15 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 27205  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 12071  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 25053  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 197 Index base 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 156 Index base 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 255 Caracas. Metropolitan areas.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 8.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 12.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 21.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Average of bi-annual estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Second semester.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 8.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Average of bi-annual estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 8.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 9.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. Second semester.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 52.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 51.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 51.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 80.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 595  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 526  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 706  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 196711 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 200168  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 122.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 120.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 60.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 40.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 37.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.6  
Exports (million US$) 2011 91338.3  
Imports (million US$) 2011 36387.6  
Balance (million US$) 2011 54950.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 United States (27.9), China (12.0), Brazil (8.6) For more information, refer to the technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.6  
Urban population (%) 2012 93.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.7/8.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/71.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 70.3 1998.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1007.4/3.5  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 219391  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 94.9/93.1  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.1 National estimate.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.7/87.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 17.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 288  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 52.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 184644/6.5  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2514.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 913  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.0/30.3  
Trade Profile
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