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Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Summary statistics
Region South America  
Surface area (sq km) 912050  
Population (est., 000) 30851  
Pop. density (per sq km) 33.8  
Capital city Caracas  
Capital city pop. (000) 2912 Refers to multiple municipalities and parishes (see source).  
Currency Bolívar (VEF)  
UN membership date 15 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 371339  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 393808  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 145513  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 12213.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 13559.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5444.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 11826.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 13392.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5362.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 22.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 6.28 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.59 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.15 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 11016 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 8812  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 25053  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 335 Caracas. Index base 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 156 Caracas. Index base 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 255 Caracas. Metropolitan areas.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 134  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 135  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 21.2 ISIC Rev.2. 2012. Break in series. Average of bi-annual estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.1 ISIC Rev.2. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.8 ISIC Rev.2. Second semester.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 7.7 ISIC Rev.2. 2012. Break in series. Average of bi-annual estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 8.7 ISIC Rev.2. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 9.7 ISIC Rev.2. Second semester.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 51.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 50.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 51.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 79.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 986  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 526  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 706  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 7996 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 8122  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 8266  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 101.6 Preliminary.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 96.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 46.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 54.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 37.4 Country estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 12.6  
Exports (million US$) 2013 87961.2  
Imports (million US$) 2013 44951.8  
Balance (million US$) 2013 43009.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 N & C Ame nes (34.0), Asia nes (31.9), S. America nes (15.4) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (23.3), China (17.0), Brazil (10.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 88.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 28.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 10.3/9.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.6/71.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 70.3 1998.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1171.3/3.9  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 205255  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 99.6/96.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 62.1 National estimate.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 53.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 17.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 305  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 51.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 36.7  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 188818/6.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 111.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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