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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Surface area (sq km) 176215  
Population (est., 000) 3419  
Pop. density (per sq km) 19.5  
Capital city Montevideo  
Capital city pop. (000) 1698  
Currency Uruguayan Peso (UYU)  
UN membership date 18 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 55708  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 38881  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17363  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 16350.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11530.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5221.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 15801.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11085.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5071.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 22.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 21.39 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 20.09 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 24.10 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -3006  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -753  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 42  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 293 Montevideo.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 230 Montevideo.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 162 Montevideo.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 131  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 133  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 6.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.0  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 21.1 ISIC Rev.3. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.2 ISIC Rev.3. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.9 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 14 and over. Urban areas. Excluding conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 10.9 ISIC Rev.3. Including mining and quarrying. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 11.8 ISIC Rev.3. Including mining and quarrying. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.6 ISIC Rev.3. Including mining and quarrying. Population aged 14 and over. Urban areas. Excluding conscripts. 
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 55.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 52.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 76.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 2683  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2353  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1808  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 82 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 87  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 45  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 154.6 Including data dedicated subscriptions.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 131.6 Including data dedicated subscriptions.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 34.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 58.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 46.4 Population aged 6 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 20.1  
Exports (million US$) 2013 9065.8  
Imports (million US$) 2013 11642.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -2576.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Brazil (18.9), Free zones (16.0), China (14.2) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (16.9), Brazil (15.8), Argentina (14.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -3.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 95.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 21.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 21.5/16.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 93.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.5/73.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 77.0 Age group 15 to 50 years. 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 73.5/2.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 241  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 103.1/99.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 62.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 7.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 13.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 103  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 10.5  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 1.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 99.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 96.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 7774/2.3  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 59.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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