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Map
Uruguay
Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Uruguayan Peso (UYU)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 176215  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 3380  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 19.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Montevideo (1672)  
United Nations membership date 18 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 46710  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 39412  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17363  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 5.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 13819.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11699.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5226.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 13415.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11310.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5075.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 19.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 19.90 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 20.09 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 24.10 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -1442  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -863  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 24  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 249 Montevideo. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 230 Montevideo.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 162 Montevideo.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 ... Urban areas. Age group 14 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 6.8 Urban areas. Age group 14 years and over. Methodology revised. Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.9 Urban areas. Age group 14 years and over. 2006.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 21.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas. Age group 14 years and over. Excludes conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 10.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Includes mining and quarrying.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 11.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Includes mining and quarrying.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. Includes mining and quarrying. Urban areas. Age group 14 years and over. Excludes conscripts. 
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 55.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 52.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 76.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 2857  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2353  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1808  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 455 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 575  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 169.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 160.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 65.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 51.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 46.4  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 20.1  
Exports (million US$) 2011 5385.5 2009.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 6906.7 2009.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -1521.2 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Brazil (20.4) 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Argentina (23.6), Brazil (21.1), China (11.9) 2009. For more information, refer to the technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.9  
Urban population (%) 2012 92.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 22.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 21.1/15.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 93.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.7/73.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 77.0 Age group 15 to 50 years. 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 79.9/2.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 225  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.1/99.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.2/7.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 77  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 10.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 7885/2.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 907.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1101  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.4/21.4  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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