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Summary statistics
Region South America  
Currency Uruguayan Peso (UYU)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 176215  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 3395  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 19.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Montevideo (1672)  
United Nations membership date 18 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 49919  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 38846  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17363  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 3.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 14702.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11520.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5221.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 14271.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 11074.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5071.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 22.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 19.40 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 20.09 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 24.10 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -2626  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -753  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 42  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 270 Montevideo.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 230 Montevideo.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 162 Montevideo.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 130  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 6.5 Age group 14 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.2 Age group 14 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.9 Age group 14 years and over. 2006. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 21.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 21.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 14 years and over. Urban areas. Excludes conscripts.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 10.9 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Includes mining and quarrying. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 11.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Includes mining and quarrying.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Includes mining and quarrying. Age group 14 years and over. Urban areas. Excludes conscripts. 
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 52.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 76.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 2711  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 2353  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 1808  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 733  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 575  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 147.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 131.7 Includes data dedicated subscriptions.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 34.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 55.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 46.4 Age group 6 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 20.1  
Exports (million US$) 2012 8709.2  
Imports (million US$) 2012 11652.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -2942.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Brazil (19.4), Free zones (16.3), China (9.1) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Brazil (18.0), Argentina (14.9), China (14.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.9  
Urban population (%) 2013 92.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 21.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 21.4/15.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 93.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 80.5/73.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 77.0 Age group 15 to 50 years. 2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 73.5/2.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 237  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 103.1/99.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 62.5  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.2/7.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 13.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 104  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 10.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 6639/2.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 820.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1101  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 12.4/21.4  
Trade Profile
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