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Summary statistics
Region 2015 South America  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 173626  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 3444  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 19.7  
Capital city 2015 Montevideo  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1707  
Currency 2015 Peso Uruguayo (UYU)  
UN membership date 2013 18 December 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 57471  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 40285  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 17363  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 3.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 7.8  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 7.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 16806.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 11938.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5221.0  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 7.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 8.0  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 9.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 27.1  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 27.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 26.6  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 65.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 64.7  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 63.6  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 9.3 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 11.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 4.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas. Persons aged 14 years and over. Excluding conscripts. Agriculture includes mining and quarrying. 
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 21.6 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 21.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 21.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas. Persons aged 14 years and over. Excluding conscripts.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 69.1 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 67.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 73.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Urban areas. Persons aged 14 years and over. Excluding conscripts.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 6.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 12.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 55.4/76.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 55.1/76.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 52.7/74.1 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 320 Montevideo.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 230 Montevideo.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 162 Montevideo.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 131 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 133 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -2516  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -756  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 24  
Exports (million US$) 2015 9165.7 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 10762.3 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -1596.6 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Free zones (17.8), Brazil (17.6), China (13.3) 2014. See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (18.5), Brazil (17.0), Argentina (12.9) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 95.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 80.4/73.3  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 56  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 71.8/2.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 2682  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 357  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 8.6 Data revision.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.4 2011.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 108.3/111.1 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 99.8/88.5 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 7.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 16.2  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 160.8 Includes data-only subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 61.5 Population age 6+.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 11.0  
Threatened species 2015 103  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 10.3 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 7605/2.2  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 94  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 58.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 1.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/93.9  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 96.6/92.6  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.2  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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