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Summary statistics
Region Northern America  
Surface area (sq km) 9833517  
Population (est., 000) 322583  
Pop. density (per sq km) 33.5  
Capital city Washington, D.C.  
Capital city pop. (000) 4896  
Currency U.S. Dollar (USD)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 16768050  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 14964380  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 13093720  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 52391.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 47924.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 43914.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 53754.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 48426.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 44343.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 18.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.8  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -400253  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -443932  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -745445  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 135 All urban consumers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 All urban consumers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113 All urban consumers.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 111 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 104 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 16.7 Population aged 16 and over. Excluding electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and water supply. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.6 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 16 and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.6 Population aged 16 and over. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.6 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 16 and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 56.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 57.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 58.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 68.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 69.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 72.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 69768  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 60010  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 49206  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 75771 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Including American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 71972 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Including American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 68194 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Including American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 95.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 91.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 68.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 84.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 71.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 68.0 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 1578001.4 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 2328328.5 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -750327.1 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Canada (19.0), Mexico (14.3), China (7.7) Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (19.8), Canada (14.5), Mexico (12.2) Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 81.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 19.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 21.8/18.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 96.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.2/76.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 76.4 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 45785.1/14.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 359768 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 95.6/96.2  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 57.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 4.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 19.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 1287 Excluding United States Minor Outlying Islands.  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 33.3  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 14.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 99.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 5305570/16.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 280.0 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Including American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island.  
Trade Profile
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