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Summary statistics
Region Northern America  
Currency U.S. Dollar (USD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 9629091  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 317505  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 33.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Washington, D.C. (4705)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 16244600  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 14958300  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 13095400  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 51163.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 47905.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 43919.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 52013.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 48426.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 44346.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 18.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.8  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -440423  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -449477  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -739802  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 133 All urban consumers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 All urban consumers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113 All urban consumers.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 103  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 96  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 8.1 Age group 16 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.6 Age group 16 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.1 Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 16.7 Age group 16 years and over. Excludes electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply and water supply.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.6 Age group 16 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.6 Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.6 Age group 16 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 56.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 57.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 58.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 69.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 69.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 72.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 66969  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 59796  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 49206  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1559291 Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1455431 Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 98.2 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 91.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 68.6 Methodology revised.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 81.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 74.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 68.0 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 1545565.3 Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 2333805.3 Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -788240.0 Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Canada (18.9), Mexico (14.0), China (7.2) Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (19.0), Canada (14.0), Mexico (12.0) Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 82.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 19.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 21.3/18.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 81.2/76.4  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 78.6 Age group 15 to 44 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 45785.1/14.3  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 288409 Excludes individuals whose decisions on their asylum claims with the Executive Office for Immigration Review are pending.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 96.3/95.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 57.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.9/6.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 18.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 1278 Excludes United States Minor Outlying Islands.  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 33.3  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 5428612/17.3 Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island.  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 6501.0 Includes Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Includes American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Johnston Atoll, Midway Islands and Wake Island.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1055 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2010.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.7/19.1 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2010.  
Trade Profile
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