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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Northern America  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 9833517  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 324119  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 35.4  
Capital city 2015 Washington, D.C.  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 4955  
Currency 2015 US Dollar (USD)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 17348072  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 14964380  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 13093720  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 2.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 3.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 54306.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 48291.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 44214.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 1.2 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 1.1 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 1.0 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 20.4 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 20.2 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 21.5 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 78.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 78.8 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 77.5 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Persons aged 16 years and over.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 1.6 Persons aged 16 years and over. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 1.6 Persons aged 16 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Services include activities not adequately defined.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ... Persons aged 16 years and over.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 17.2 Persons aged 16 years and over. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 20.6 Persons aged 16 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Services include activities not adequately defined.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ... Persons aged 16 years and over.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 81.2 Persons aged 16 years and over. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 77.8 Persons aged 16 years and over. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Services include activities not adequately defined.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 6.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 56.1/68.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 57.6/70.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 58.3/72.2 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 137 All urban consumers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 All urban consumers.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113 All urban consumers.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 108 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 110 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 108 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 96 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Excluding water and waste management.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -389525  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -441963  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -745445  
Exports (million US$) 2015 1503870.4 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 2306822.3 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -802951.9 Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Canada (18.6), Mexico (15.7), China (7.7) Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (21.8), Canada (13.1), Mexico (12.9) Including Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population (%) 2015 81.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 81.3/76.5  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 51  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 46627.1/14.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 75011 Break in the time series.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 491730 The refugee figure is under review. Refugee figure relates to the end of 2014.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 6  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 17.1  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 2.5 2011.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.2 2011.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 99.2/99.8  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 98.5/96.7  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 100.7/73.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 3.9 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 19.4  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 98.4 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 87.4 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 894.0  
Threatened species 2015 1299 Excluding overseas territories.  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 33.8 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 5186168/16.1 Including overseas territories.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 78449 Oil statistics as well as coal trade statistics also include overseas territories.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 286.0 Oil statistics as well as coal trade statistics also include overseas territories.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 14.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.4/98.2  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.2 Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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