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United Republic of Tanzania

Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 947303  
Population (est., 000) 50757 Including Zanzibar.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 53.7 Including Zanzibar.  
Capital city Dodoma  
Capital city pop. (000) 228  
Currency Tanzania Shilling (TZS)  
UN membership date 14 December 1961  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 44698 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 30009 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 18072 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 8.2 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.8 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.4 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 933.5 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 686.5 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 478.7 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 928.1 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 684.3 Excluding Zanzibar.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 472.4 Excluding Zanzibar.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 29.3 Excluding Zanzibar.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 29.2 Excluding Zanzibar.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.6 Excluding Zanzibar.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1578.57 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1455.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1165.51 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -4703  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1960  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1093  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 271 Excluding Zanzibar.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 192 Excluding Zanzibar. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 128 Excluding Zanzibar.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 154  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 155  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 131  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 2.5  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 4.3 Excluding Zanzibar. 2006. ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 76.5 Excluding Zanzibar. 2006. ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 88.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 88.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 88.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 90.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 90.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 90.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1063  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 754  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 590  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 843 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 789  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 665  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 55.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 46.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 4.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 2.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.1 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 4412.5  
Imports (million US$) 2013 12525.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -8112.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 South Africa (17.3), India (17.0), Switzerland (9.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 India (18.4), Switzerland (13.0), China (12.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Including Zanzibar.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.4 Including Zanzibar.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0 Including Zanzibar.  
Urban population (%) 2014 30.9 Including Zanzibar.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 44.8 Including Zanzibar.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.3/4.5 Including Zanzibar.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.1 Including Zanzibar.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 62.7/60.0 Including Zanzibar.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 48.7 Including Zanzibar.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.2 Including Zanzibar.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 34.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 312.8/0.6 Including Zanzibar. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 253190  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 67.1/66.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 35.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 12.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 36.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 979  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 36.8  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 26.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 53.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 12.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 7301/0.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 20.0  
Trade Profile
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