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United Republic of Tanzania

Map
United Republic of Tanzania
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 945087  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 46218  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 48.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dodoma (226)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1961  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 23615 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 22915 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 14142 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 6.4 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.0 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.4 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 526.0 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 526.0 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 375.0 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 524.0 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 524.0 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 370.0 Excludes Zanzibar.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 32.8 Excludes Zanzibar.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 31.5 Excludes Zanzibar.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 24.7 Excludes Zanzibar.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1571.73 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1455.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1165.51 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -4561  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2722  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1570  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 216  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 192 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 131  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 129  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 4.3 Excludes Zanzibar. 2006. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 76.5 Excludes Zanzibar. 2006. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 88.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 88.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 88.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 90.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 90.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 90.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 795  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 754  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 590  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 909 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 534  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 55.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 47.2  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 12.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 11.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.3  
Exports (million US$) 2011 4735.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 11184.2  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -6449.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Switzerland (19.4), South Africa (18.1), China (14.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 India (14.0), United Arab Emirates (11.1), Switzerland (9.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 27.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 44.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.4/4.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 99.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.3/58.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 53.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 34.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 659.2/1.5 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 294204  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 71.6/73.4 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.1  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.4/45.7 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 36.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 710  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 38.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 6954/0.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 56.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 607  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.8/28.8  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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