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United Republic of Tanzania

Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Tanzania Shilling (TZS)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 947303  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 47783 Includes Zanzibar.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 50.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dodoma (226)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1961  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 28249 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 22915 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 14142 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.9 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.0 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.4 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 607.8 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 524.2 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 374.6 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 603.5 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 522.5 Excludes Zanzibar.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 369.7 Excludes Zanzibar.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 33.8 Excludes Zanzibar.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 31.5 Excludes Zanzibar.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 24.7 Excludes Zanzibar.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1571.62 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1455.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1165.51 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -3640  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1960  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -1093  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 251  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 192 Excludes Zanzibar. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 128 Excludes Zanzibar.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 140  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 4.3 Excludes Zanzibar. 2006. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 76.5 Excludes Zanzibar. 2006. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 88.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 88.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 88.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 90.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 90.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 90.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1043  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 754  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 590  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1009  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 534  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 57.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 46.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 4.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 2.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.1 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 5547.2  
Imports (million US$) 2012 11715.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -6168.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 South Africa (17.7), Switzerland (14.4), China (9.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Switzerland (13.5), China (9.9), United Arab Emirates (8.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0 Includes Zanzibar.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.8 Includes Zanzibar.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4 Includes Zanzibar.  
Urban population (%) 2013 27.6 Includes Zanzibar.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 44.9 Includes Zanzibar.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.3/4.5 Includes Zanzibar.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.0 Includes Zanzibar.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 62.7/60.0 Includes Zanzibar.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 48.7 Includes Zanzibar.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.2 Includes Zanzibar.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 34.4  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 312.8/0.6 Includes Zanzibar. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 265435  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 69.3/69.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 35.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.4/45.7 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 36.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 914  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 37.3  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 6841/0.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 53.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 607 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 16.8/28.8 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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