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Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Pound Sterling (GBP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 242495 Excludes Channel Islands (Guernsey and Jersey) and Isle of Man.  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 62783 Excludes Channel Islands (Guernsey and Jersey) and Isle of Man.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 258.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) London (9005)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 2471600  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2295523  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2321358  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 0.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 39367.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 36985.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 38502.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 39248.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 37265.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 39193.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 14.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 14.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.63 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.64 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.58 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -92383  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -75229  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -59406  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 143  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 88  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 91  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 7.9 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.8 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.8 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 18.9 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.1 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 16 years and over. Second quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 1.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 16 years and over. Second quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 55.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 68.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 68.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 29282  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 28295  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 28039  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Includes Jersey and Guernsey for oil statistics. Excludes these islands for electricity.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 139257 Includes Jersey and Guernsey for oil statistics. Excludes these islands for electricity.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 194374 Includes Jersey and Guernsey for oil statistics. Excludes these islands for electricity.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 130.8 September.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 130.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 108.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 87.0 Age group 16 to 74 years. ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 85.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 70.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 481225.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 689137.0  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -207911.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (13.3), Germany (10.8), Netherlands (7.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (12.1), United States (8.9), China (8.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -<  
Urban population (%) 2013 79.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 17.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 24.8/21.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.4/78.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 84.0 Age group 16 to 49 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 7824.1/12.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 169606 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.3 Includes Northern Ireland.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 101.9/101.4 Includes Northern Ireland.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/1.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 22.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 83  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 11.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 493101/7.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 3143.0 Includes Jersey and Guernsey for oil statistics. Excludes these islands for electricity.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 558 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2010.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 7.8/15.3 Based on monthly averages for the period 1981-2010.  
Trade Profile
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