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Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 242495 Excluding Channel Islands (Guernsey and Jersey) and Isle of Man.  
Population (est., 000) 63489  
Pop. density (per sq km) 261.4  
Capital city London  
Capital city pop. (000) 10189  
Currency Pound Sterling (GBP)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 2678455  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2407934  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2412116  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 1.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 42423.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 38796.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 40007.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 42098.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 39223.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 40933.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 16.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 16.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 18.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 0.61 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.64 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.58 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -114210  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -75229  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -59406  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 147  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 96 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 110 ISIC Rev.4 (BCDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 7.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 18.9 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.2 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 16 and over. Second quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 1.2 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.2  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.3 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 16 and over. Second quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 55.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 68.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 68.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 31169  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 28295  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 28039  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 4863 Including Jersey and Guernsey for oil statistics. Excluding these islands for electricity. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 6195 Including Jersey and Guernsey for oil statistics. Excluding these islands for electricity.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 8483 Including Jersey and Guernsey for oil statistics. Excluding these islands for electricity.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 123.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 123.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 108.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 89.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 85.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 70.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 548041.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 657222.5  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -109180.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Switzerland (13.0), United States (11.5), Germany (8.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Germany (13.5), China (8.8), United States (8.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.9  
Urban population (%) 2014 82.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 17.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 25.0/21.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 97.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.4/78.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 84.0 Age group 16 to 49 years. Excluding Northern Ireland.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 7824.1/12.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 156831 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.0 Including Northern Ireland.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 101.4/101.3 Including Northern Ireland.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 56.3 Including Northern Ireland.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 22.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 85  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 12.0  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 13.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0 Including Northern Ireland.  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0 Including Northern Ireland.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 448236/7.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 127.0 Including Jersey and Guernsey for oil statistics. Excluding these islands for electricity.  
Trade Profile
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