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Map
United Kingdom
Summary statistics
Region Northern Europe  
Currency Pound Sterling (GBP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 242495 Excludes Channel Islands and Isle of Man.  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 62417  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 257.4 Excludes Channel Islands and Isle of Man.  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) London (9005)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 2429184  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2266094  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2295843  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 0.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 38918.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 36529.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 38135.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 39308.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 36840.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 38755.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 14.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 14.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.65 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.64 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.58 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -46460  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -75230  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -59410  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 138  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 90  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 91  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 8.0 Age group 16 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.8 Age group 16 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.8 Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 19.1 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 19.1 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 22.2 Age group 16 years and over. Second quarter. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 1.2 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 1.2 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 1.3 Age group 16 years and over. Second quarter. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 55.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 55.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 55.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 68.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 68.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 69.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 29306  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 28295  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 28039  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 147423 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 194374  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 184.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 184.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 165.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 82.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 78.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 70.0  
Exports (million US$) 2011 473757.1  
Imports (million US$) 2011 637243.4  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -163486.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 United States (13.2), Germany (11.2), France (7.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Germany (12.6), China (8.9), United States (8.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -<  
Urban population (%) 2012 79.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 17.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 24.7/21.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 82.4/78.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 84.0 Age group 16 to 49 years.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 6451.7/10.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 208885  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 106.3/105.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.8/1.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 22.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 82  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 12.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 474191/7.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3036.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 611  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 7.5/14.4  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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