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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Northern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 242495  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 65111  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 269.1  
Capital city 2015 London  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 10313  
Currency 2015 Pound Sterling (GBP)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 2988893  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2403581  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2418949  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 1.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 3.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 46460.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 38324.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 40175.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 0.7 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 0.7 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 0.7 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 21.0 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 20.8 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 23.3 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 78.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 78.5 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 76.1 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 1.1  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 1.1  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 1.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 18.9  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 19.2  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 22.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 79.1  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 79.0  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 76.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 6.1 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.8 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 56.9/68.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 55.8/68.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 54.9/69.3 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 150  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 131  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 100 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 99 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 90  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 92  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -151882  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -67601  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -30054  
Exports (million US$) 2015 465921.6  
Imports (million US$) 2015 629228.9  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -163307.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (14.9), Germany (10.0), Switzerland (7.3)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Germany (15.0), China (10.0), United States (9.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population (%) 2015 82.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 82.4/78.5  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 55  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 8543.1/13.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 32613  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 155079 Refugee population relates to the end of 2014.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 4  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.1  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 2.8  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.7 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 108.1/108.4  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 130.4/125.3  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 64.1/49.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 0.9 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 29.4  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 123.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 91.6 Population age 16-74.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 309.0  
Threatened species 2015 87  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 12.9 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 457473/7.2  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 4557 Shipments of coal and oil to Jersey, Guernsey and the isle of Man from the United Kingdom are not classed as exports. Supplies of coal and oil to these islands are, therefore, included as part of UK supply. Exports of natural gas to the Isle of Man included with the exports to Ireland.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 124.0 Shipments of coal and oil to Jersey, Guernsey and the isle of Man from the United Kingdom are not classed as exports. Supplies of coal and oil to these islands are, therefore, included as part of UK supply. Exports of natural gas to the Isle of Man included with the exports to Ireland.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 13.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.1/99.6  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.7 Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).  
Trade Profile
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