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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Hryvnia (UAH)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 603500  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 45530  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 75.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kiev (2829)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 176309  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 136419  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 86142  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 0.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3872.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2962.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1827.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3831.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2952.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1806.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 18.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 7.99 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 7.96 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 5.05 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -14777  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3016  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 2534  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 262 2009.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 147  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 99 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 94 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 121  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 7.5 Age group 15 to 70 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.1 Age group 15 to 70 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2 Age group 15 to 70 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 20.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 70 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 22.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 70 years. 2009. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 24.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 70 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 17.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 70 years.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 15.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 70 years. 2009. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 19.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 15 to 70 years.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 53.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 52.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 52.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 66.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 66.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 23013  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 21203  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 17631  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 60635  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 65324  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 132.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 118.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 64.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 33.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 23.3 Age group 5 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.8 Age group 15 to 59 years using the Internet within the last 4 weeks.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 68694.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 84656.7  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -15962.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Russian Federation (25.7), Turkey (5.4), Egypt (4.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (32.4), China (9.3), Germany (8.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -1.2  
Urban population (%) 2013 69.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 14.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 25.5/16.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 85.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 74.3/62.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 66.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 5151.4/11.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 39821  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.1/100.9 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.9/10.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 9.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 88  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 16.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 304555/6.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2611.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 648 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.3/11.9 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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