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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Uganda Shilling (UGX)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 241550  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 36346  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 150.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Kampala (1659)  
United Nations membership date 25 October 1962  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 21736  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 17181  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 10040  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 10.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 598.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 505.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 349.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 584.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 494.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 340.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 24.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 2685.95 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2308.30 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1816.86 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -2222  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1752  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -26  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 252  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 186  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ... May of the current year to April of the following year. Age group 14 to 64 years. Refers to manufacturing only. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 6.0 May of the current year to April of the following year. Age group 14 to 64 years. Refers to manufacturing only. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2009. 
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 4.5 May of the current year to April of the following year. Age group 14 to 64 years. Refers to manufacturing only. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable. 
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ... May of the current year to April of the following year. Age group 14 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 65.6 May of the current year to April of the following year. Age group 14 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2009.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 71.6 May of the current year to April of the following year. Age group 14 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 75.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 76.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 77.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 79.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 79.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1197  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 946  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 468  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 103 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 156  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 45.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 38.4 December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 14.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 12.5  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.7  
Exports (million US$) 2012 2357.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 6044.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -3686.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Sudan (17.2), Kenya (10.8), Dem. Rep. of Congo (10.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 India (20.9), China (11.3), Kenya (9.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 5.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Urban population (%) 2013 16.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 48.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 3.9/3.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 60.2/57.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 57.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 30.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 531.4/1.4 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 265860  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 82.4/83.8 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 21.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/15.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 35.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 183  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 14.5  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 3781/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 38.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1225 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 17.7/27.8 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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