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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Central Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 488100  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 5439  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 11.6  
Capital city 2015 Ashgabat  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 746  
Currency 2015 Turkmenistan New Manat (TMT)  
UN membership date 2013 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 47932  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 22148  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 14182  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 10.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 9.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 13.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 9031.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4392.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2987.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 14.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 14.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 18.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 48.4  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 48.4  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 37.6  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 37.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 37.0  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 43.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 10.1 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 47.1/77.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 46.4/75.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 47.0/74.8 Estimate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 103 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 109 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 106  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 50.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 69.7/61.3  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 48  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 196.4/3.7  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 7171  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 47  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 2.1  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.1 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 88.6/90.1  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 83.7/86.9  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 6.2/9.7  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 4.3 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 25.8  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 135.8 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 12.2 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 49  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 8.8 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 66893/12.8  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3210  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 210.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 3.2  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.1  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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