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Map
Turkmenistan
Summary statistics
Region South-central Asia  
Currency Turkmen (new)Manat(TMT) Beginning 1 January 2009, 1 new Manat = 5000 old Manat.  
Surface area (square kilometres) 488100  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 5105  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 10.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ashgabat (683)  
United Nations membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 25742  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 20001  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 13946  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 14.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 9.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 13.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 5042.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3967.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2937.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 4565.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3591.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2733.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 46.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 58.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 2.85 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.85 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 ... UN operational exchange rate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 128  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 106  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 46.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 46.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 47.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 76.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 75.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ...  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8 2007.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 12  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 44469 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 66956  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 79.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 73.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 10.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 5.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 3.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6  
Urban population (%) 2012 49.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 28.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 7.2/5.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 69.4/61.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 48.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 61.8 2000.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 207.7/4.0  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 11059  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 3.3/20.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 16.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 48  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 9.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 48123/9.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 4043.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 227  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.4/23.2  
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