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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Turkish Lira (TRY)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 783562  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 73997  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 94.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Ankara (4194)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 788299  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 731144  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 482986  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 9.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 10653.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 10135.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7129.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 10650.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 10125.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7118.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1.78 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.54 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.35 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -48507  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -45447  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -21449  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 670  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 578  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 381 Series linked to former series.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 131  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 116  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 124  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 9.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.6 Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 26.0 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 26.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 24.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 23.6 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 23.7 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 29.5 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 29.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 27.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 23.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 70.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 70.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 35698 From 2007, Turkish citizens residing abroad are included.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 31364 From 2007, Turkish citizens residing abroad are included.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 20273 From 2007, Turkish citizens residing abroad are included.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 25450  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 17323  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 90.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 84.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 64.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 45.1 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 39.8 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 15.5 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 152536.7  
Imports (million US$) 2012 236544.5  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -84007.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (8.6), Iraq (7.1), Iran (6.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (11.3), Germany (9.0), China (9.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 73.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 25.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 12.0/9.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.5/71.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 73.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1864.9/2.5 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 527780 Refugee population for Syrians in Turkey is a government estimate.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 91.9/96.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 45.2  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.0/8.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 14.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 182  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 14.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 297759/4.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1304.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 383 Based on monthly averages for the period 1926-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.0/17.7 Based on monthly averages for the period 1926-2000.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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