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Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Currency Tunisian Dinar (TND)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 163610  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 10875  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 66.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Tunis (790)  
United Nations membership date 12 November 1956  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 45132  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 44321  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 32272  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 4.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 4150.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 4168.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3210.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3942.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3974.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3045.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 23.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1.55 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.44 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.36 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -3773  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2104  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -299  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 152  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 139 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 17.4 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 ... 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 ... 2011: Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 33.5 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 32.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 32.3 Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 16.2 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 17.6  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 18.7 Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 25.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 24.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 24.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 70.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 5950 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 6903 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 6378 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 6967  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 5634  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 120.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 106.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 57.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 41.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 36.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 9.7  
Exports (million US$) 2012 17847.0 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 23952.1 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -6105.1 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 France (30.7), Italy (21.7), Germany (9.1) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 France (18.3), Italy (15.8), Germany (7.4) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 66.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 23.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 11.5/10.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 98.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.2/73.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 60.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 36.5/0.3 Data refer to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 1338  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.1/97.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 </2.0 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 28.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 80  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 6.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 25857/2.5  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 824.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 466 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 13.3/23.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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