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Summary statistics
Region Oceania-Polynesia  
Surface area (sq km) 747  
Population (est., 000) 106  
Pop. density (per sq km) 162.7  
Capital city Nuku'alofa  
Capital city pop. (000) 25  
Currency Pa'anga (TOP)  
UN membership date 14 September 1999  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 440  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 374  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 264  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 4173.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3593.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2613.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 4217.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3647.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2612.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 22.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 29.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 1.82 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.81 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.06 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -45 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -79  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -21  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 227 Excluding rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 210 Excluding rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 160 Excluding rent.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 131  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 136  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 131  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 136  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 97  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 53.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 53.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 74.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 75.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 45 Arrivals by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 47 Arrivals by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 42 Arrivals by air.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 0 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 0  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 54.6 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 52.2 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 29.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 35.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 16.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 4.9 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 15.6 2012.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 199.2 2012.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -183.6 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 New Zealand (26.3), United States (13.5), Japan (12.8) 2012.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 New Zealand (30.0), Singapore (22.9), United States (13.0) 2012.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 23.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 37.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 9.3/6.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.6/69.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 20.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 5.4/5.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 0 Value is zero, not available or not applicable.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 3.9 2004.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 101.1/99.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 60.5 2003.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 0.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 74  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 12.5  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 1.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 99.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 91.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 103/1.0  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 15.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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