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Summary statistics
Region Oceania-Polynesia  
Currency Pa'anga (TOP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 747  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 105  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 140.5  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nuku'alofa (25)  
United Nations membership date 14 September 1999  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 465  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 374  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 264  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 0.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 4429.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3589.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2612.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 4524.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3623.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2615.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 33.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 29.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 1.74 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.81 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.06 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -95  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -79  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -21  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 225 Excludes rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 210 Excludes rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 160 Excludes rent.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 53.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 53.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 74.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 75.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 49 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 47 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 42 Air arrivals.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 53.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 52.2 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 29.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 34.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 16.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 4.9 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 15.6  
Imports (million US$) 2012 199.2  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -183.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 New Zealand (26.3), United States (13.5), Japan (12.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 New Zealand (30.0), Singapore (22.9), United States (13.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 23.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 37.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 9.2/6.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.6/69.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 20.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 5.4/5.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 3  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.9 2004.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 101.3/99.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.5 2003.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 3.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 74  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 12.5  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 158/1.5  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 492.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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