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Summary statistics
Region Oceania-Polynesia  
Currency Pa'anga (TOP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 747  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 105  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 139.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Nuku'alofa (25)  
United Nations membership date 14 September 1999  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 453  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 373  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 264  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 4.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.7  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 4335.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3587.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2617.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 4426.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3625.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2617.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 30.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 29.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 1.73 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.81 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.06 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -54 2009.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -21  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 ... Excludes rent.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 203 Excludes rent. 2009.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 160 Excludes rent.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 53.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 53.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 53.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 75.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 75.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ... Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 45 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 42 Air arrivals.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 81.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 82.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 43.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 25.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 16.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.9  
Exports (million US$) 2011 14.4  
Imports (million US$) 2011 192.9  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -178.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Japan (20.8), New Zealand (19.4), China, Hong Kong SAR (17.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 New Zealand (30.3), Singapore (22.3), United States (12.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2012 23.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 37.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.1/6.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 100.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.4/69.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 20.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 0.9/0.8  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 3  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.9 2004.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 105.5/107.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 60.5 2003.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 3.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 62  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 13.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 176/1.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 561.0 UNSD estimate.  
Trade Profile
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