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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 56785  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 7497  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 137.8  
Capital city 2015 Lomé  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 956  
Currency 2015 CFA Franc (XOF)  
UN membership date 2013 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 4576  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 3173  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2110  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 6.1  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 4.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 1.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 643.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 496.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 378.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 46.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 46.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 43.4  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 19.4 Construction refers to buildings and public works.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 18.2 Construction refers to buildings and public works.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 19.0 Construction refers to buildings and public works.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 33.9 Refers to trade only.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 35.7 Refers to trade only.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 37.6 Refers to trade only.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 54.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2006.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 6.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2006.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 37.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2006.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 7.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 7.8 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 81.1/80.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 81.0/80.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 79.8/80.4 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 145 Lomé.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134 Lomé. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114 Lomé.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 121 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 125 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 129  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 156  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 124  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -568 2013.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -200  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -204  
Exports (million US$) 2015 671.9  
Imports (million US$) 2015 1732.1  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -1060.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Burkina Faso (16.2), Benin (14.9), Niger (9.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (20.1), France (9.4), South Africa (4.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.7  
Urban population (%) 2015 40.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 59.7/58.3  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 82  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 276.8/3.8 Including refugees. Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 282 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 22564  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 50  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.3  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.8  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 121.4/128.8  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 5.9/14.3  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 9.2 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 17.6  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 69.0 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 5.7 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 66  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 4.2 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 2230/0.3  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 108  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 19.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 19.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 91.4/44.2  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 24.7/2.9  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 5.1  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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