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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency CFA Franc (XOF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 56785  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 6643  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 117.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Lomé (1524)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 3917  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 3173  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2110  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 5.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 1.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 589.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 503.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 380.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 585.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 499.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 374.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 23.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 497.16 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -200  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -204  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 143 Lomé.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 134 Lomé. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114 Lomé.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 141  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 124  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 131  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 96  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 136  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 129  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 6.8 2006. Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 54.1 2006. Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire (World Bank). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 80.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 80.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 79.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 81.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 81.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 80.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 235 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 202 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 81 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 8  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 56.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 40.7  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 4.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 3.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 900.4  
Imports (million US$) 2012 1665.1  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -764.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Burkina Faso (16.7), Benin (12.3), Nigeria (10.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (13.8), France (9.4), United States (8.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population (%) 2013 39.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 41.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.8/4.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 57.3/55.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 66.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 15.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 202.5/3.0 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 24320  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.5  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 66.8/88.5 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 21.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 5.2/16.6 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 16.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 62  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 4.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 1539/0.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 75.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 877 Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1960-1989.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.1/30.7 Based on WMO Climatological Normals (CLINO) for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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