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Summary statistics
Region 2015 South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 14919  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 1211  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 81.5  
Capital city 2015 Dili  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 228 2014.  
Currency 2015 US Dollar (USD)  
UN membership date 2013 27 September 2002  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 4970  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4069  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1850  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 4.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 -3.3  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 52.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 4294.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3848.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1869.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 3.9 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 4.7 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 7.3 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 84.1 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 81.5 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 76.7 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 12.1 Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. Excludes repair of personal and household goods.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 13.8 Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. Excludes repair of personal and household goods.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 16.0 Includes publishing activities and landscaping care. Excludes repair of personal and household goods.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ...  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 50.6 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 81.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 15 to 64 years. 2001.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 9.2 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 3.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 15 to 64 years. 2001.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 39.8 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 11.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 15 to 64 years. 2001.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 4.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 6.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 26.7/55.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 26.1/55.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 32.0/66.3 Estimate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 113 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 119 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 1106  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1671  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 ...  
Exports (million US$) 2015 53.1 2013.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 513.7 2013.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -460.6 2013.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Indonesia (34.8), Germany (14.5), United States (13.7) 2013.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Indonesia (34.3), Malaysia (15.4), Singapore (12.8) 2013.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 32.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 69.5/66.1  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 92  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 10.8/0.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 60 Arrivals by air at Dili Airport.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 44  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 1.5  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 0.1 2011.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 7.7  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 136.1/137.6  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 76.0/70.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 38.5  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 58.7 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 1.1 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 21  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 47.6 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 440/0.4  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 168  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 6.0 Estimate.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 2.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 95.2/60.5  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 69.0/26.8  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 6.4  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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