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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 14919  
Population (est., 000) 1152  
Pop. density (per sq km) 77.5  
Capital city Dili  
Capital city pop. (000) 228  
Currency U.S. Dollar (USD)  
UN membership date 27 September 2002  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 4941  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4215  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1813  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 5.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 52.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 4361.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3905.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1821.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 3847.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3052.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 836.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 13.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 13.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 5.1  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 2396  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1671  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 541 2006.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 119  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 9.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 50.6  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 24.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 25.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 32.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 50.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 51.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 58 Arrivals by air at Dili Airport. 2012.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 40 Arrivals by air at Dili Airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 14 Arrivals by air at Dili Airport. 2006.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 169 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 186  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 201  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 57.4 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 43.8 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 1.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.1  
Exports (million US$) 2013 53.1  
Imports (million US$) 2013 513.7  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -460.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Indonesia (34.8), Germany (14.5), United States (13.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Indonesia (34.3), Malaysia (15.4), Singapore (12.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 32.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 45.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.7/5.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 103.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 68.9/65.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 39.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 22.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 11.6/1.0  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 2  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 9.4  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 89.8/92.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 41.3  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 3.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 38.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 21  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 48.4  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 2.1  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 70.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 39.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 183/0.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 3.0 UNSD estimate.  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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