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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Currency U.S. Dollar (USD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 14919  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 1114  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 74.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dili (180)  
United Nations membership date 27 September 2002  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 5387  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4216  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1801  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 10.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 53.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 4834.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3905.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1809.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3641.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3052.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 824.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 13.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 13.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 4.5  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 2740  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1675  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 541 2006.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 122  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 9.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 50.6  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 ...  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 24.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 25.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 32.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 51.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 51.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 65.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 58 Air arrivals at Dili Airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 40 Air arrivals at Dili Airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 14 Air arrivals at Dili Airport. 2006.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 7418 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 7395 UNSD estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 52.3 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 42.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 0.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.1  
Exports (million US$) 2012 53.3 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 339.7 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -286.4 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (26.8), Australia (24.6), United States (20.1) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Indonesia (28.9), Finland (20.2), China (17.8) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 29.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 45.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.7/4.9  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 103.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 68.9/65.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 39.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 22.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 11.6/1.0  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 2  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 9.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 89.8/92.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 41.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.2/12.5 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 38.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 21  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 49.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 183/0.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 55.0 UNSD estimate.  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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