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Summary statistics
Region South-eastern Asia  
Currency U.S. Dollar (USD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 14919  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 1154  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 77.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dili (180)  
United Nations membership date 27 September 2002  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 5572  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4130  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1814  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 10.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 54.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 4829.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3674.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1795.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 3335.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2817.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 837.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 11.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 14.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 4.7  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 1717  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 541 2006.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 103  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 38.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 38.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 39.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 74.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 51 Air arrivals at Dili Airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 40 Air arrivals at Dili Airport.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 14 Air arrivals at Dili Airport. 2006.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ... UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 7418 UNSD estimate. 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 7395 UNSD estimate.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 53.5  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 53.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 0.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 0.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.1  
Exports (million US$) 2011 53.3  
Imports (million US$) 2011 339.7  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -286.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (26.8), Australia (24.6), United States (20.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Indonesia (28.9), Finland (20.2), China (17.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 4.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 28.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 45.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.2/4.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 104.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.2/62.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 56.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 22.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 13.8/1.2  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 10.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.8/89.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 40.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.2/12.5 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 38.5  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 19  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 50.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 183/0.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 56.0 UNSD estimate.  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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