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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Currency Baht (THB)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 513120  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 66785  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 130.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bangkok (8426)  
United Nations membership date 16 December 1946  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 385694  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 338001  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 188620  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 5775.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5090.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2877.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 5550.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4863.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2747.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 28.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 27.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 30.63 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 30.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 41.03 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1431  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 9946  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -7647  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 138 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 129  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 114  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 116  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 0.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 1.1  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 1.9  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 20.9 Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Third quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 39.6 Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 38.2 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 42.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Third quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 64.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 64.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 66.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 80.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 22354  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 15936  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 11567 Includes arrivals of nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 51037  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 35688  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 120.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 103.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 45.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 26.5 Age group 6 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 22.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 15.0  
Exports (million US$) 2012 229544.5  
Imports (million US$) 2012 247575.9  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -18031.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (11.7), Japan (10.2), United States (9.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Japan (20.0), China (14.9), United Arab Emirates (6.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 34.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 18.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 15.5/13.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/71.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 79.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 3721.7/5.6 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 602600  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 89.4/87.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 56.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 2.3/18.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 15.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 573  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 37.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 295040/4.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1287.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1498 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 24.1/32.7 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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