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Summary statistics
Region South-Eastern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 513120  
Population (est., 000) 67223  
Pop. density (per sq km) 131.0  
Capital city Bangkok  
Capital city pop. (000) 9098  
Currency Baht (THB)  
UN membership date 16 December 1946  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 420167  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 338778  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 188847  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 6270.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5101.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2880.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 5848.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4875.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2751.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 25.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 27.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 32.81 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 30.15 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 41.03 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -2678  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 9946  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -7647  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 141  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 129  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 129  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 129  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 98  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 0.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 1.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 1.3  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 20.9 Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.6 ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.2 ISIC Rev.3. Third quarter.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 39.6 Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 38.2 ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 42.6 ISIC Rev.3. Third quarter.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 64.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 64.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 66.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 80.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 80.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 81.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 26547  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 15936  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 11567 Including arrivals of nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 3176 2012. UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 2929  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 2088  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 138.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 108.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 46.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 28.9 Population aged 6 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 22.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 15.0  
Exports (million US$) 2013 228527.4  
Imports (million US$) 2013 250708.2  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -22180.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China (11.9), United States (10.1), Japan (9.7)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Japan (16.4), China (15.0), United Arab Emirates (6.9)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.1  
Urban population (%) 2014 49.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 17.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 16.2/14.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 95.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/71.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 79.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 3721.7/5.6 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 647780 Stateless persons population refers to 2011.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 7.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 91.7/90.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 57.1  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 5.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 6.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 577  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 37.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 12.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 96.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 93.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 303371/4.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 81.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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