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Summary statistics
Region Central Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 142600  
Population (est., 000) 8409  
Pop. density (per sq km) 58.8  
Capital city Dushanbe  
Capital city pop. (000) 801  
Currency Somoni (TJS)  
UN membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 8506  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5642  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2312  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 7.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1036.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 739.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 339.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1306.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 935.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 434.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 18.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 11.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 4.77 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4.40 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.20 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -248 2012.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -370  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -19  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 122 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 88 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 154  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 170  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 10.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.9 2004. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 55.5 2004. ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 58.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 77.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 208 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 160 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 ... Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 70 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 64  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 65  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 91.8 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 77.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 3.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 16.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 11.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 26.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 36.0  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.3/4.6  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 70.7/64.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 56.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 27.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 275.7/3.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 5616  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 87.9/94.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 33.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 16.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 42  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 2.9  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 21.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 72.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 94.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 2783/0.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 13.0  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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