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Summary statistics
Region Central Asia  
Currency Somoni (TJS)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 143100  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 8009  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 56.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dushanbe (739)  
United Nations membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 7633  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5642  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2312  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 7.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 953.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 739.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 339.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1233.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 936.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 434.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 25.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 11.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 4.76 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4.40 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.20 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -248  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -370  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -19  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 144  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 159  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 138  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.9 2004. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 55.5 2004. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 58.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 58.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 76.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 244 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 160 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 325 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. 2008.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1512  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1547  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 92.2 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 86.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 14.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 11.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 26.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 35.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.2/4.5  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 70.7/64.0  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 56.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.9  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 37.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 275.7/3.4  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 5928  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 3.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 86.5/94.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 33.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/2.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 15.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 41  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 2.9  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 2858/0.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 329.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 653 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.1/22.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
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