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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Central Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 142600  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 8670  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 61.9  
Capital city 2015 Dushanbe  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 822  
Currency 2015 Somoni (TJS)  
UN membership date 2013 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 9242  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5642  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2312  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 6.7  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 6.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 6.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1114.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 744.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 339.8  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 27.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 21.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 23.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 25.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 27.9  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 30.7  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 47.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 50.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 45.6  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 ...  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 52.9 Break in the time series. Persons aged 15 to 75 years. 2009.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 55.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 ...  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 15.6 Break in the time series. Persons aged 15 to 75 years. 2009.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 17.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 ...  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 31.1 Break in the time series. Persons aged 15 to 75 years. 2009.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 26.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2004.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 10.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 11.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 59.3/77.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 58.3/76.3 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 57.7/74.7 Estimate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 154 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 123  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 170 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 137  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 145 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 114 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -946 Break in the time series.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -370  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -19  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.2  
Urban population (%) 2015 26.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 72.8/65.9  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 61  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 275.1/3.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 213 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 11943 Figure refers to a registration exercise in three regions and 637 persons registered as stateless by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Tajikistan.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 40  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.9  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.9  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.0 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 97.1/97.5  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 83.1/92.5 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 18.4/30.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 1.4 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 19.0  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 95.1 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 17.5 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 1.0 2012.  
Threatened species 2015 41  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 2.9 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 3586/0.4  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 72  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 13.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 21.9  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 93.1/66.7  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 93.8/95.5  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 3.9  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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