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Map
Tajikistan
Summary statistics
Region South-central Asia  
Currency Somoni (TJS)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 143100  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 6977  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 48.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dushanbe (739)  
United Nations membership date 2 March 1992  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 6523  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 5642  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2312  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 7.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 935.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 820.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 358.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 1236.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1038.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 458.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 25.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 11.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 4.76 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4.40 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.20 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -383  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -19  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 131  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 145  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 138  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 17.9 2004. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 55.5 2004. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 57.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 57.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 57.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 75.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 73.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 183 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 160 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 325 Arrivals of non-resident visitors at national borders. 2008.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 1503 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 1547  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 96.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 91.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 8.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 13.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 11.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 0.3  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population (%) 2012 26.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 36.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.5/4.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 96.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 71.2/64.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 51.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 37.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 284.3/4.0  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 7651  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.2/97.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 28.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/2.1  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 19.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 42  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 3.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 2832/0.4  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 343.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 653  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.1/22.0  
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