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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 783562  
Population (est., 000) 75837  
Pop. density (per sq km) 96.8  
Capital city Ankara  
Capital city pop. (000) 4644 Refers to Altindag, Cankaya, Etimesgut, Golbasi, Keçioren, Mamak, Sincan and Yenimahalle.  
Currency Turkish Lira (TRY)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 822149  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 731144  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 482986  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 9.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 8.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 10971.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 10135.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7129.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 10935.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 10125.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 7118.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 20.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 21.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 2.14 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 1.54 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.35 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -65034  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -45313  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -21449  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 720  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 578  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 381 Series linked to former series.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 116 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 86 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 125  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 127  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 10.0  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 11.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.6  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 26.0 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 26.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 24.8 ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 23.6 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 23.7  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 29.5 ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 29.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 27.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 23.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 70.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 70.3  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 37795 Including Turkish citizens resident abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 31364 Including Turkish citizens resident abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 20273  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1282 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1352  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1004  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 93.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 85.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 64.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 46.3  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 39.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 15.5  
Exports (million US$) 2013 151796.5  
Imports (million US$) 2013 251650.6  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -99854.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Germany (9.0), Iraq (7.9), United Kingdom (5.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Russian Federation (10.0), China (9.8), Germany (9.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 72.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 25.3  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 12.4/9.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 96.5  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 78.5/71.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 12.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 73.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1864.9/2.5 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 892041 Refugee population for Syrians in Turkey is a government estimate.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.9 2006.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 90.2/93.5  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 45.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 2.6  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 14.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 364  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 15.0  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 0.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 91.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 320841/4.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 66.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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