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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 783562  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 79622  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 103.5  
Capital city 2015 Ankara  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 4750 Refers to Altindag, Cankaya, Etimesgut, Golbasi, Keçioren, Mamak, Sincan and Yenimahalle.  
Currency 2015 Turkish Lira (TRY)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 798414  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 731144  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 482986  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.9  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 9.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 8.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 10299.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 10111.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 7117.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 8.0 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 9.5 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 10.6 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 27.1 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 26.4 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 28.0 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 64.9 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 64.2 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 61.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 19.7  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 22.4  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 29.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 28.4  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 26.8  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 24.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 51.9  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 50.8  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 45.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 9.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 30.4/71.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 27.6/70.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 23.4/70.3 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 784  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 578  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 381 Series linked to former series.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 125 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 110  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 127 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 111  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 140 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 116 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Excluding water and waste management.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -46526  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -45312  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -21449  
Exports (million US$) 2015 143850.4  
Imports (million US$) 2015 207206.5  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -63356.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Germany (9.3), United Kingdom (7.3), Iraq (5.9)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (12.0), Germany (10.3), Russian Federation (9.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population (%) 2015 73.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 78.1/71.5  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 50  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 2964.9/3.8 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 39811 Turkish citizens resident abroad are included.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 1985269 Refugee figure for Syrians in Turkey is a Government estimate.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 5.4  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 1.7 2011.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 106.5/107.2 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 98.7/101.8 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 72.9/84.9 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 4.3 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 14.9  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 94.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 51.0 Population age 16-74. Users in the last 12 months.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 68.0  
Threatened species 2015 370  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 15.0 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 323451/4.3  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1352  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 64.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 0.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 98.3/85.5  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.5  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.4  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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