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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 185180  
Population (est., 000) 21987  
Pop. density (per sq km) 118.7  
Capital city Damascus  
Capital city pop. (000) 2574 Excluding refugees or internally displaced persons (if applicable).  
Currency Syrian Pound (SYP)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 35164  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 60465  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 28397  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 -20.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1605.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2808.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1563.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1572.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2744.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1493.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 19.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 143.57 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 46.58 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 52.00 UN operational exchange rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -367  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 299  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 473  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 173  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 ... ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 102 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 79  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 89  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 82  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 92  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 10.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.2  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 32.7 ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 32.7 ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 28.3 ISIC Rev.2. 2006.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 14.3 ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 14.3 ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 19.6 ISIC Rev.2. 2006.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 13.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 13.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 16.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 72.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 72.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8546 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. Including nationals residing abroad. Including Iraqi nationals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3571 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 567 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1165  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1171  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 56.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 54.3  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 16.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 26.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 20.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 5.7 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 11352.9 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 17561.6 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -6208.7 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Iraq (20.2), Italy (13.4), Germany (13.0) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Turkey (9.5), China (8.8), Italy (7.4) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2  
Urban population (%) 2014 57.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 34.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 6.8/6.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 103.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.6/71.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 17.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 53.9  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1394.2/6.4 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 6832691 Refugee figure for Iraqis in the Syrian Arab Republic is a Government estimate. UNHCR has registered and is assisting 27,200 Iraqis at mid-2014.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 56.6/57.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 48.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 2.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 12.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 107  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 2.7  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 0.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 90.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 96.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 57671/2.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 29.0  
Trade Profile
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