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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 185180  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 18564  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 101.1  
Capital city 2015 Damascus  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 2566 Excluding refugees or internally displaced persons (if applicable).  
Currency 2015 Syrian Pound (SYP)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 34184  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 60465  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 28397  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 0.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 3.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1821.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2918.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1566.1  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 20.6 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 19.7 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 20.3 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 30.2 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 30.7 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 31.2 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 49.2 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 49.6 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 48.5 At producers' prices.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 13.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2011.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 15.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 27.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2003.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 31.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2011.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 32.9 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 25.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2003.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 55.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2011.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 53.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 47.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2003.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 13.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 12.3/71.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 13.3/72.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 16.3/76.1 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 473 2013.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 173  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 79 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 89  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 82 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 92  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 ... Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 98 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -367  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 295  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -2.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 57.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 76.3/64.0  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 70  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 875.2/4.7 Including refugees. Refers to foreign citizens.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 7946539 Refugee figure for Iraqis in the Syrian Arab Republic is a Government estimate. UNHCR has registered and is assisting 23,500 Iraqis at mid-2015.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 18  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.3 The exchange rate used for the Syrian Arab Republic is the rate for non-commercial transactions from the Central Bank of Syria.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 78.7/81.4 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 50.5/50.5 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 33.6/32.4 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 12.4  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 71.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 28.1 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 108  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 2.7 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 36065/1.9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 316  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 28.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 0.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 92.3/87.2  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 96.2/95.1  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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