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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Syrian Pound (SYP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 185180  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 21890  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 118.2  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Damascus (2650)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 46540  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 60465  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 28397  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 2126.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2808.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1563.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 2083.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2744.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1493.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 21.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 74.37 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 46.58 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 52.00 UN operational exchange rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -367  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 299  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 173  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 88  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 89  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 92  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 92  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 14.9 2011.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.9 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 32.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 32.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 28.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. 2006. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 14.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 14.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 19.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. 2006. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 13.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 13.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 16.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 72.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 72.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 5070 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. 2000-2011: Includes nationals residing abroad. 2011.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8546 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. 2000-2011: Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3571 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. 2000-2011: Includes nationals residing abroad. Excludes Iraqi nationals.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 28672  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 28521  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 61.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 57.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 16.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 24.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 20.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 5.7 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 11352.9 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 17561.6 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -6208.7 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Iraq (20.2), Italy (13.4), Germany (13.0) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Turkey (9.5), China (8.8), Italy (7.4) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population (%) 2013 56.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 35.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.5/6.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 103.8  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.6/71.6  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 17.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 58.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 1394.2/6.4 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 4619088 Refugee figures for Iraqis in the Syrian Arab Republic are government estimates. UNHCR has registered and is assisting 42,400 Iraqis at mid-2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 90.7/91.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 48.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/4.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 12.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 85  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 2.7  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 61808/3.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1081.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 134 Based on monthly averages for the period 1955-2004.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.1/25.3 Based on monthly averages for the period 1956-2004.  
Trade Profile
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