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Map
Syrian Arab Republic
Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Syrian Pound (SYP)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 185180  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 20766  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 112.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Damascus (2650)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 64273  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 60465  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 28397  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 -2.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 3095.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2962.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1536.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 3029.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2896.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1468.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 21.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 55.26 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 46.58 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 52.00 UN operational exchange rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -367  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 295  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 173  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 99  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 89  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 92  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 8.6  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.9 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 32.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 32.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 28.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. 2006.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 14.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 14.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 19.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2. 2006.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 13.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 12.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 16.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 71.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 71.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 ... Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8546 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 3571 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments. Includes nationals residing abroad. Excludes Iraqui nationals.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 24664 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 28521  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 84.1  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 77.8  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 31.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 22.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 20.7  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 5.7  
Exports (million US$) 2011 11352.9 2010.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 17561.6 2010.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -6208.7 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 Iraq (20.2), Italy (13.4), Germany (13.0) 2010.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Turkey (9.5), China (8.8), Italy (7.4) 2010.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population (%) 2012 56.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 35.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.6/6.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 102.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.7/74.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 13.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 58.3  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 2205.9/9.8 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 988275 Refugee figures for Iraqis in the Syrian Arab Republic are government estimates. UNHCR has registered and is assisting 103,200 Iraqis.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 88.1/88.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/4.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 12.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 83  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 3.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 65260/3.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 1104.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 134  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 8.1/25.3  
Trade Profile
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