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Summary statistics
Region Western Europe  
Currency Swiss Franc (CHF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 41285  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 7997  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 193.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bern (353)  
United Nations membership date 10 September 2002  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 631183  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 549105  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 384755  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 78923.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 70123.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 51933.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 81607.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 74716.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 56722.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 20.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 22.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.92 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.94 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 1.31 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 53914  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 75894  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 53149  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 109  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 109  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 104  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 130  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 124  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 99  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 4.2 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.5 Age group 15 to 74 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 4.4 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 20.3 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 21.1 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 23.7 Official estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 3.5 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.3 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 3.8 Official estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 61.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 60.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 59.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 75.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 75.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 8566 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. Includes health establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8628 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. Includes health establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 7229 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in hotels and similar establishments. Includes health establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Includes Liechtenstein for oil statistics.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 5565 Includes Liechtenstein for oil statistics.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 4887 Includes Liechtenstein for oil statistics.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 135.3 Estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 125.8  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 92.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 85.2 Age group 14 years and over using the Internet within the last 6 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 83.9 Age group 14 years and over using the Internet within the last 6 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 70.1 Age group 14 years and over using the Internet within the last 6 months.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 225948.8 Includes Liechtenstein.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 197786.9 Includes Liechtenstein.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 28161.9 Includes Liechtenstein.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (19.8), United States (11.1), Italy (7.1) Includes Liechtenstein.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (29.6), Italy (10.2), France (8.4) Includes Liechtenstein.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 73.8  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 14.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 25.4/21.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.9/80.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 82.0 Age group 20 to 49 years. 1994-1995.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2335.1/28.9  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 71772  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.2/99.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 49.3  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.7/0.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 31.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 62  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 31.1  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 38725/5.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2459.0 Includes Liechtenstein for oil statistics.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1086 Zurich. Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 4.9/12.7 Zurich. Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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