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Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Currency Lilangeni (SZL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 17363  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 1231  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 70.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Mbabane (66) Mbabane is the administrative capital and Lobamba is the legislative capital.  
United Nations membership date 24 September 1968  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 3861  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 3892  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2584  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -1.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 2.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 3136.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3261.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2339.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 3363.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 3274.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 2500.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 9.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 9.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 15.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 8.50 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.63 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6.32 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 155  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -388  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -103  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 121 2009. Index base 2007=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 111  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 43.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 42.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 71.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 70.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 70.8  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1093  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 1078  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 837  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 367 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 329  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 66.0  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 61.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 18.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 20.8 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 11.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 3.7 ITU estimate.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Urban population (%) 2013 21.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 37.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 6.1/4.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 48.5/49.7  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 64.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 65.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 25.5/2.0 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 927  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 8.3  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 87.9/95.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 50.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 13.3/69.9 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 6.2  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 33  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 33.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 1022/0.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 354.0 UNSD estimate.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 1442 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.5/22.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
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