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Countries and areas

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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 17363  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 1304  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 75.8  
Capital city 2015 Mbabane Mbabane is the administrative capital and Lobamba is the legislative capital.  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 66 2014.  
Currency 2015 Lilangeni (SZL)  
UN membership date 2013 24 September 1968  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 4482  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 4548  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 3200  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 2.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 1.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 4.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 3531.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 3812.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 2896.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 6.0  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 6.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 6.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 44.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 43.2  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 43.7  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 49.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 50.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 49.5  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 26.1 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 28.0 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 25.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 39.7/63.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 37.8/62.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 35.1/64.3 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 164 Index base: 2007=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 Series linked to former series. Break in the time series. Index base: 2007=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 140  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 112 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 113 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 103  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 153  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 132  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 58  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -389  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -103  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 21.3  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 3.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 48.5/49.7  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 69  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 31.6/2.5 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 968 2013.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 864  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 65  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.3  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 8.6 2011.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 108.3/118.2 2013.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 62.4/63.6 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 5.5/5.2 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 6.2  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 72.3 Estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 27.1 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 2.0 2012.  
Threatened species 2015 34  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 33.5 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 1089/0.9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 38  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 39.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 4.0  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 93.6/68.9  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 63.1/56.0  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 2.7  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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