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Map
Sudan
Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Currency Sudanese Pound (SDG) Beginning 1 July 2007, 1 new Sudanese Pound = 100 dinars.  
Surface area (square kilometres) 2505813  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 44632  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 17.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Khartoum (4632)  
United Nations membership date 12 November 1956  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 56015 Excludes South Sudan.  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 69665  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 35183  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 -3.9 Excludes South Sudan.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 1583.0 Excludes South Sudan.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1600.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 916.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 942.0 Excludes South Sudan.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1544.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 881.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 20.5 Excludes South Sudan.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 2.68 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.48 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.31 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 157  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -3013  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 ...  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 ...  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 30.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 30.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 29.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 76.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 536 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 495 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 246 Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 24260 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 15540  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 57.3  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 42.8  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 6.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 19.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 8.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.3  
Exports (million US$) 2011 9079.5 2009.  
Imports (million US$) 2011 8589.9 2009.  
Balance (million US$) 2011 489.6 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (65.3), United Arab Emirates (10.5), Canada (8.8) 2009.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (16.6), Japan (9.5), Saudi Arabia (7.6) 2009.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6 Excludes South Sudan.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9 Excludes South Sudan.  
Urban population (%) 2012 33.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 39.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 6.1/5.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 101.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.8/60.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 57.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.2  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 7.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 753.5/1.7 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 2898246 Excludes South Sudan. Includes 83,100 people who are in an internally displaced person-like situation.  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 55.3/61.7  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 47.2 UNESCO estimate. 2000.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 16.7/31.6 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 24.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 117 Excludes South Sudan.  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 29.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 14326/0.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 99.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 121  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.8/37.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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