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Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) ...  
Population (est., 000) 38764  
Pop. density (per sq km) 20.8  
Capital city Khartoum  
Capital city pop. (000) 5000  
Currency Sudanese Pound (SDG)  
UN membership date 12 November 1956  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 54595  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 53945  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 35183 Former Sudan.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 3.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 6.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.0 Former Sudan.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1438.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1513.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 887.9 Former Sudan.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 1498.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1576.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 853.9 Former Sudan.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 24.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.7 Former Sudan.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 5.70 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.48 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.31 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -4481  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1725  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -2473  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 113 Former Sudan.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99 Former Sudan.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101 Former Sudan.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 15.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 14.8  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 14.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 31.3  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 30.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 30.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 76.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 591 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 495 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 246 Including nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 734 Including South Sudan until 2011. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 1473 Including South Sudan until 2011.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 1145 Including South Sudan until 2011.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 72.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 41.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.8 ITU estimate excluding Canar, which is counted as a fixed line.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 22.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 16.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.3  
Exports (million US$) 2013 8981.7 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2013 9546.3 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -564.6 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China (70.4), United Arab Emirates (10.5), Japan (3.5) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (21.7), United Arab Emirates (8.6), Saudi Arabia (8.1) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.5  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2014 33.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 40.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.4/4.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 100.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.8/60.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 55.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 9.0 Data refer to pre-secession Sudan, including data for South Sudan.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 446.7/1.2 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 2479885 Including 77,300 people who are in an internally displaced person-like situation.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 54.7/60.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 52.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 11.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 24.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 122  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 1.7  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 55.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 24.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 16579/0.4  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 15.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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