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Summary statistics
Region Northern Africa  
Currency Sudanese Pound (SDG)  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 37195  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Khartoum (4632)  
United Nations membership date 12 November 1956  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 51453  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 54493  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 35183 Former Sudan.  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -4.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 9.0 Former Sudan.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1383.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 1528.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 887.9 Former Sudan.  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1493.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 1649.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 853.9 Former Sudan.  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 22.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.7 Former Sudan.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 4.43 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 2.48 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2.31 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -6341  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1538  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -2487  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 ... Former Sudan.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 99 Former Sudan.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101 Former Sudan.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 ... Former Sudan.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 100 Former Sudan.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 101 Former Sudan.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 31.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 30.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 30.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 76.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 75.7  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 536 2005-2011: Includes nationals residing abroad. 2011.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 495 2005-2011: Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 246 2005-2011: Includes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 23673  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 15540  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 60.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 41.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 4.8 ITU estimate excludes Canar, which is counted as a fixed line.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 21.0 Age group 15 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 16.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.3  
Exports (million US$) 2012 8981.7 2011.  
Imports (million US$) 2012 9546.3 2011.  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -564.6 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (70.4), United Arab Emirates (10.5), Japan (3.5) 2011.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (21.7), United Arab Emirates (8.6), Saudi Arabia (8.1) 2011.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population (%) 2013 33.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 41.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.3/4.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 100.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 63.8/60.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 55.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.5  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 9.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 446.7/1.2 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 2070360 Includes 77,300 people who are in an internally displaced person-like situation.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 47.2 Former Sudan. UNESCO estimate. 2000.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 16.7/31.6 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 24.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 127  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 14161/0.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 105.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 121 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 22.8/37.0 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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