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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Currency Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 65610  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 21098  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 321.6  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Colombo (693) Colombo is the commercial capital and Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is the administrative and legislative capital.  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 59421  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 49566  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 24406  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 6.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 2816.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2387.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1223.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 2761.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2358.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1208.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 28.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 25.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 127.16 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 110.95 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 102.12 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -4003  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1075  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -650  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 252 Colombo. Index base 2002=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 219 Colombo. Index base 2002=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 160 Colombo.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 121  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 4.0 2011.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 6.6 2006.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 17.7 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.2 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes the Northern Province.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.6 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 39.4 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 32.7 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes the Northern Province.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 30.7 Age group 10 years and over. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 35.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 34.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 34.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 76.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1006 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 654 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 549 Excludes nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 492  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 297  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 95.8 December.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 83.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 16.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 18.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 12.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 9369.8  
Imports (million US$) 2012 17884.9  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -8515.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 United States (22.6), United Kingdom (11.3), India (6.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 India (19.7), China (14.4), United Arab Emirates (7.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population (%) 2013 15.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 25.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 13.6/11.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 95.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/71.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 68.0  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 325.0/1.5 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 95102  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 99.4/98.4  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 64.0  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 </6.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 5.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 571  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 29.4  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 12699/0.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 205.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2524 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 24.1/30.6 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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