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Summary statistics
Region Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 65610  
Population (est., 000) 21446  
Pop. density (per sq km) 326.9  
Capital city Colombo Colombo is the capital and Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is the legislative capital.  
Capital city pop. (000) 704  
Currency Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)  
UN membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 67203  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 49566  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 24406  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 7.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 8.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 3159.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2387.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1223.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 3074.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 2358.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 1208.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 29.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 25.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.4  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 130.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 110.95 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 102.12 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -2627  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1075  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -650  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 269 Colombo. Index base 2002=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 219 Colombo. Index base 2002=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 160 Colombo.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 136  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 141  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 4.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.7  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 17.7 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. 2012. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.2 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. Excluding the Northern province. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.6 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 39.4 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. 2012. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 32.7 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. Excluding the Northern province. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 30.7 ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 35.1  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 34.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 34.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 76.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 76.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1275 Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 654 Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 549 Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 173 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 184  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 163  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 95.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 83.6  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 16.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 21.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 12.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.8 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 10004.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 17930.8  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -7925.9  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 United States (24.9), United Kingdom (10.8), India (5.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 India (17.4), China (16.5), Singapore (10.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population (%) 2014 18.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 25.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 14.0/12.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 95.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.4/71.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 9.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 68.4 Excluding the Northern Province.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 325.0/1.5 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 44297 Provisional.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 1.7  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 100.7/97.3  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 62.2  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 3.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 5.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 576  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 29.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 2.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 94.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 92.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 15233/0.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 18.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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