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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 65610  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 20811  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 331.9  
Capital city 2015 Colombo Colombo is the capital and Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte is the legislative capital.  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 707  
Currency 2015 Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)  
UN membership date 2013 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 74941  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 49566  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 24406  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 7.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 8.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 6.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 3634.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 2453.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 1249.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 9.9 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 12.8 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 11.8 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 33.8 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 29.4 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 30.2 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 56.3 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 57.8 At producers' prices.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 58.0 At producers' prices.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 30.4 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 32.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 10 years and over. Excluding the Northern province.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 30.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 25.5 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 24.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 10 years and over. Excluding the Northern province.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 25.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 43.4 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 40.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Persons aged 10 years and over. Excluding the Northern province.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 38.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series. Persons aged 10 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 4.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 4.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 7.7 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 30.1/76.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 34.6/76.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 34.4/76.2 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 278 Colombo. Index base: 2002=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 219 Colombo. Break in the time series. Index base: 2002=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 160 Colombo.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 136 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 124  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 141 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 125  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -2018  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -1127  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -743  
Exports (million US$) 2015 10439.7  
Imports (million US$) 2015 18967.2  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -8527.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 United States (26.8), United Kingdom (9.9), ()  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 (), China (19.7), Japan (7.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Urban population (%) 2015 18.4  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.1  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 78.0/71.2  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 51  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 38.7/0.2 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1527 Excluding nationals residing abroad.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 51808 The statistics of the remaining IDPs as at mid-2015, while provided by the Government authorities at the district level, are being reviewed by the central authorities. Once this review has been concluded, the statistics will be changed accordingly.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 8  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 3.5  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 1.6 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 100.1/102.4  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 102.0/97.5 2013.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 24.7/16.6  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 2.9 2013.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 5.8  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 103.2  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 25.8 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 16.0 2013.  
Threatened species 2015 580  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 33.2 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 16025/0.8  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 184  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 19.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 2.6  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 98.5/95.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 88.1/96.7  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.7  
Trade Profile
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