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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 505970  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 46065 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 92.4 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Capital city 2015 Madrid  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 6199  
Currency 2015 Euro (EUR)  
UN membership date 2013 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 1381342  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1431588  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1157248  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 1.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 0.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 3.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 29860.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 30719.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 26388.2  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 2.5 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 2.6 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 3.0 Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 22.4 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 26.0 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 30.4 Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 75.1 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 71.4 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 66.5 Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 4.2  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 4.1  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 5.2 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 19.5  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 23.1  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 29.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 76.3  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 72.8  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 65.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 24.4 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 19.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 52.5/65.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 51.4/67.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 45.9/68.3 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 137 Index base: 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 128 Index base: 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114 Index base: 2001=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 109 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 110 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 94  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 76 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 83 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Excluding water and waste management.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 12808  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -56363  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -87006  
Exports (million US$) 2015 278122.0  
Imports (million US$) 2015 305266.0  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -27144.0  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 France (15.5), Germany (10.8), Italy (7.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Germany (13.1), France (10.8), China (8.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.2 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Urban population (%) 2015 79.6 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.3 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 85.1/79.4 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 51 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 5853.0/12.7 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 64995  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 17258 Refugee population relates to the end of 2014.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3 Including Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 9.0  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 5.0  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.3 2013.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 105.3/104.1  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 130.4/129.9  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 96.9/81.5  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 0.7  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 40.0  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 107.9 Estimate. Data refers to the fourth quarter.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 76.2 Population age 16-74.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 95.0  
Threatened species 2015 551  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 36.7 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 236969/5.1  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 1508 Data include the Canary Islands.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 106.0 Data include the Canary Islands.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 10.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.8/100.0  
Net Official Development Assistance disbursed (% of GNI) 2014 0.1 Development Assistance Committee member (OECD).  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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