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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 505992  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 46755 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 92.4  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Madrid (6574)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 1322126  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1384845  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1130799  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -1.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -0.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 28278.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 29986.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 26062.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 27948.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 29602.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 25692.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 21.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 23.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 29.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -15142  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -62498  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -83388  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 135 Index base 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 128 Index base 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 114 Index base 2001=100.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 77  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 83  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 90  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 90  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 104  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 94  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 25.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 20.1 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.2 Age group 16 to 74 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 20.7 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.1 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.7 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 4.4 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.3 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 5.3 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 52.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 51.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 66.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 57701  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 52677  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 55914  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Includes the Canary Islands.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 17885 Includes the Canary Islands.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 15604 Includes the Canary Islands.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 108.3 Fourth quarter. Incomplete coverage.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 111.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 98.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 72.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 65.8 Age group 10 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 47.9 Age group 16 to 74 years using the Internet within the last 12 months.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 285936.4  
Imports (million US$) 2012 325835.2  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -39898.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 France (16.2), Germany (10.5), Italy (7.4)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (10.7), France (10.5), China (7.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.4 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -< Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Urban population (%) 2013 77.7 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 15.4 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 25.6/20.6 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 97.7 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 85.2/78.8 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.1 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 65.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 6466.6/13.8 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 8281 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 116.3/116.0  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/1.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 39.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 548  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 36.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 269454/5.9  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2453.0 Includes the Canary Islands.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 436 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 9.7/19.5 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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