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Map
Spain
Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 505992  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 46455 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 91.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Madrid (6574)  
United Nations membership date 14 December 1955  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1478206  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1389166  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1130799  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 0.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 -0.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 31820.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 30149.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 26058.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 31178.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 29766.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 25688.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 21.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 29.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 0.77 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 0.85 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -52281  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -63129  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -83388  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 118 Index base 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 114 Index base 2001=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 101 Index base 2001=100.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2011 82  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 83  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 95  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 101  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 94  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 21.6 Age group 16 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 20.1 Age group 16 years and over.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 9.2 Age group 16 years and over.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 21.8 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 23.1 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 29.7 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 4.2 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.3 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 5.3 Age group 16 years and over. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat). The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 51.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 51.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 67.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 56694  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 52677  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 55914  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 15443 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 15604  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 156.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 155.8  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 143.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 67.6  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 65.8  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 47.9  
Exports (million US$) 2011 298171.0  
Imports (million US$) 2011 362834.5  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -64663.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 France (17.9), Germany (10.2), Portugal (8.0)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 Germany (11.8), France (10.8), China (7.1)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.6 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -<  
Urban population (%) 2012 77.6 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 15.3 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 25.1/20.2 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 97.7 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 84.8/78.8 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 3.6 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.5 Includes Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 65.7  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 6377.5/14.1  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 6934  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 115.6/114.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 53.9  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.6/1.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 36.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 532  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 287994/6.3  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2537.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 436  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 9.7/19.5  
Trade Profile
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