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Map
South Africa
Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Currency Rand (ZAR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1221037  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 50460  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 41.3  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Pretoria (1501) Pretoria is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the judicial capital.  
United Nations membership date 7 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 408237  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 363523  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 247052  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 3.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.9  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 8090.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7251.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5169.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 7909.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 7107.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5066.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 18.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 8.14 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.63 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6.33 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 -13683  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -10117  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -8518  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 188  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 179  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 117  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 116  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 117  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2011 24.7 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 24.9 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 23.8 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 24.3 Age group 15 to 64 years. Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.5 Age group 15 to 64 years. Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.6 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 4.6 Age group 15 to 64 years. Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.9 Age group 15 to 64 years. Average of quarterly estimates. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 7.5 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 44.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 60.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 60.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 61.5  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 8339  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8074 Methodology revised. Data are not strictly comparable with those of previous years.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 7369 Excludes arrivals for work and contract workers.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 134151 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 132694  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 135.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 108.9  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 81.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 21.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 18.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.5  
Exports (million US$) 2011 92975.6  
Imports (million US$) 2011 99726.0  
Balance (million US$) 2011 -6750.4  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 China (13.4), United States (9.0), Japan (8.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (14.2), Germany (10.7), United States (8.0)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Urban population (%) 2012 62.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.7  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 9.2/6.4  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 54.1/53.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 45.9  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 59.9 2003-2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 1862.9/3.7 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 277267 Includes asylum-seekers (pending cases), of which an estimated 63,000 refer to undecided cases at first instance and 156,400 refer to undecided cases on appeal.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 98.1/98.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.1/45.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 42.3 The figures on the distribution of seats do not include the 36 special rotating delegates appointed on an ad hoc basis, and all percentages given are therefore calculated on the basis of the 54 permanent seats.  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 449  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 8.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 498608/10.0  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2698.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 713 Johannesburg.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.1/21.9 Johannesburg.  
Trade Profile
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