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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 1221037  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 54979  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 45.3  
Capital city 2015 Pretoria Pretoria is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the judiciary capital.  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 2059  
Currency 2015 Rand (ZAR)  
UN membership date 2013 7 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 349819  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 375348  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 257772  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 1.5  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 3.0  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 6481.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7271.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5331.0  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 2.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 2.6  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 2.7  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 29.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 30.2  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 30.3  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 68.1  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 67.2  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 67.1  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 4.6 Persons aged 15 to 64 years. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 4.9 Persons aged 15 to 64 years. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 5.8 Persons aged 15 to 64 years. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 23.5 Persons aged 15 to 64 years. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 24.5 Persons aged 15 to 64 years. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 25.3 Persons aged 15 to 64 years. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 71.9 Persons aged 15 to 64 years. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 70.6 Persons aged 15 to 64 years. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 59.1 Persons aged 15 to 64 years. Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 24.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 24.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 23.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 46.1/59.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 43.8/59.4 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 46.7/61.5 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 176  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 142  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 122 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 123 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -19086  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -5492  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -8015  
Exports (million US$) 2015 69631.1  
Imports (million US$) 2015 79590.9  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -9959.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 China (8.3), United States (7.5), Germany (6.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (18.3), Germany (11.8), United States (6.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.1  
Urban population (%) 2015 64.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 59.1/54.9  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 52  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 3142.5/5.8 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 9549 Break in the time series. Excluding transit.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 912592  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 38  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 8.8  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 0.8  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 6.1  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 97.3/102.2  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 103.8/85.3 Estimate.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 23.5/16.0 2013.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 33.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 42.0  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 149.7  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 49.0 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 15.0  
Threatened species 2015 527  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 7.6 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 471239/8.8  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 6999  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 119.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 10.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.6/81.4  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 69.6/60.5  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.3  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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