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Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Currency Rand (ZAR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 1221037  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 52386  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 42.9  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Pretoria (1501) Pretoria is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the judicial capital.  
United Nations membership date 7 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 384313  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 363241  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 247052  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 7336.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7059.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5121.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 7173.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 6919.3  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5019.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 19.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.8  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 8.50 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.63 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6.32 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -20016  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -7023  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -8518  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 198  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 179  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 120  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 121  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 25.1 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 24.9 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 23.8 Age group 15 to 64 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 24.3 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Average of quarterly estimates. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.5 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.6 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 4.6 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Average of quarterly estimates. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.9 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.2. Average of quarterly estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 7.5 Age group 15 to 64 years. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 44.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 46.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 60.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 59.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 9188 1995-2008: Excludes arrivals for work and contract workers. 2009: Methodology revised; data not strictly comparable.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8074 1995-2008: Excludes arrivals for work and contract workers. 2009: Methodology revised; data not strictly comparable.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 7369 1995-2008: Excludes arrivals for work and contract workers. 2009: Methodology revised; data not strictly comparable.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 136342  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 132694  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 134.8 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 100.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 71.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 41.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 24.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 7.5  
Exports (million US$) 2012 86712.0  
Imports (million US$) 2012 101610.6  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -14898.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 China (11.7), Areas nes (10.4), United States (8.7) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 China (14.4), Germany (10.1), Saudi Arabia (7.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.2  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.7  
Urban population (%) 2013 62.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 29.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 10.3/6.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 94.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 59.1/54.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 38.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 59.9 2003-2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2399.2/4.6 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 295675 Refers to the end of 2012 in the absence of updated information provided by the Government of South Africa.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 6.0  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 100.8/102.7  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 10.1/45.4  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 44.8 The figures on the distribution of seats do not include the 36 special rotating delegates appointed on an ad hoc basis, and all percentages given are therefore calculated on the basis of the 54 permanent seats.  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 461  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 7.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 459748/9.2  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2452.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 713 Johannesburg. Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 10.1/21.9 Johannesburg. Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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