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Summary statistics
Region Southern Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 1221037  
Population (est., 000) 53140  
Pop. density (per sq km) 43.5  
Capital city Pretoria Pretoria is the administrative capital, Cape Town is the legislative capital and Bloemfontein is the judiciary capital.  
Capital city pop. (000) 1991  
Currency Rand (ZAR)  
UN membership date 7 November 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 366060  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 375348  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 257772  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 3.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 6936.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 7295.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 5344.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 6754.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 7139.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 5241.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 20.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 17.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 10.49 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 6.63 Principal rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 6.32 Principal rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -20507  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -7023  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -8518  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 166 Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 142  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 128  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 122  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 123  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 118  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 24.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 24.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 23.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 24.3 Population aged 15-64. ISIC Rev.2. Average of quarterly estimates. 2011.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 24.5 Population aged 15-64. ISIC Rev.2. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 25.6 Population aged 15-64. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 4.6 Population aged 15-64. ISIC Rev.2. Average of quarterly estimates. 2011.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.9 Population aged 15-64. ISIC Rev.2. Average of quarterly estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 7.5 Population aged 15-64. ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 44.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 46.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 60.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 59.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 62.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 9537  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 8074 Methodology revised.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 7369 Excluding arrivals for work and contract workers.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 7009 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 6911  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 6652  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 147.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 97.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 70.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 48.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 24.0 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 7.5  
Exports (million US$) 2013 95224.8  
Imports (million US$) 2013 103461.3  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -8236.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 China (12.7), Areas nes (7.5), United States (7.2) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 China (15.5), Germany (10.3), Saudi Arabia (7.8)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.8  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6  
Urban population (%) 2014 64.3  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 29.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 10.5/6.8  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 94.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 59.1/54.9  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 38.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 59.9 2003-2004.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 2399.2/4.6 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 309616 Asylum-seekers (pending cases) refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 6.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 104.7/104.9  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 58.0  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 31.0  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 41.5 The figures on the distribution of seats do not include the 36 special rotating delegates appointed on an ad hoc basis, and all percentages given are therefore calculated on the basis of the 54 permanent seats.  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 528  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 7.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 10.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 95.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 74.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 477242/9.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 120.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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