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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Somalia Shilling (SOS)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 637657  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 10195  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 16.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Mogadishu (1554)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 1306  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1071  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2316  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 128.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 111.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 273.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 122.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 106.7  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 262.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 24300.00 UN operational exchange rate. April 2012.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 31900.00 UN operational exchange rate. September 2009.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 15141.00 UN operational exchange rate.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 115  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 115  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 107  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 37.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 37.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 36.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 75.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 75.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 76.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 6.7 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 7.0 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 6.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 1.4 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 1.3 ITU estimate. 2011.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 1.1 ITU estimate.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Urban population (%) 2013 38.7  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 47.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.8/4.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 99.0  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 56.5/53.3  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 79.5  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 14.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 24.6/0.2 Estimates. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 1144309  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 13.8/25.8 UNESCO estimate.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/1.6 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 13.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 164  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 10.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 608/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 22.0 UNSD estimate.  
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