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Map
Somalia
Summary statistics
Region Eastern Africa  
Currency Somali Shilling (SOS)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 637657  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 9557  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 15.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Mogadishu (1554)  
United Nations membership date 20 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 1067  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 1071  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 2316  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 3.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 112.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 115.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 277.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 107.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 110.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 266.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 20.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 19.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.3  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 113  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 113  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 112  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 37.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 37.6  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 37.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 76.8  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 77.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 77.6  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 6.9 Mobile cellular subscriptions only.  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 8.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 7.2  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 1.3  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 ...  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 1.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.6  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.8  
Urban population (%) 2012 38.2  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 44.9  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 4.7/4.1  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 98.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 53.4/50.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 100.0  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 6.3  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 14.6 2005-2006.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 22.8/0.2 Estimates. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 1365183  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 15.0/28.1 UNESCO estimate.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.5/1.6 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 13.8  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 135  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 594/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 22.0 UNSD estimate.  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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