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Summary statistics
Region Eastern Europe  
Currency Euro (EUR) Beginning 1 January 2009, the Slovak Koruna (SKK) was replaced by the euro (1 EUR=30.126 SKK).  
Surface area (square kilometres) 49036 Excludes inland water.  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 5446  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 111.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Bratislava (434)  
United Nations membership date 19 January 1993  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 91349  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 87276  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 47896  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 1.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 6.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 16774.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 16062.7  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 8883.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 16422.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 15845.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 8632.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 20.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 26.6  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 0.76 Market rate. Euro.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 0.75 Market rate. Euro.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 31.95 Official rate. Slovak Koruna (SKK).  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 2039  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -3240  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -4005  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 165  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 153  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 133  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 145  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 127  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 82  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 83  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 82  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 83  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 102  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 14.0 Age group 15 to 74 years. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 14.4 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 16.3 Age group 15 to 74 years.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 37.5 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 37.1 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 38.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts. Excludes persons on child-care leave.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 3.2 Break in series; data not strictly comparable. European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 3.2 European Labour Force Survey (Eurostat).  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Excludes conscripts. Excludes persons on child-care leave.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 51.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 50.8  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 51.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 68.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 67.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 68.4  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 6235  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 5415  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 6184  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 2696  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 2832  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 111.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 108.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 83.8 No distinction made between active or inactive subscribers.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 80.0 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 75.7 Age group 16 to 74 years. Within the last 3 months.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 55.2 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 79867.0  
Imports (million US$) 2012 76859.4  
Balance (million US$) 2012 3007.6  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (21.4), Czech Republic (14.0), Poland (8.1)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Germany (17.1), Europe nes (12.8), Russian Federation (9.9) See technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.3  
Urban population (%) 2013 54.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 15.1  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 22.2/16.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 94.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 79.2/71.5  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 5.4  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 79.8 Age group 15 to 44 years. 1997.  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 149.6/2.8 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 2507 Refugee population refers to the end of 2012.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.2  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 95.9/95.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 59.6  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 0.9/2.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 18.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 46  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 40.2  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 36065/6.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 2694.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 557 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 5.7/15.2 Based on monthly averages for the period 1971-2000.  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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