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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 72300  
Population (est., 000) 6205  
Pop. density (per sq km) 86.5  
Capital city Freetown  
Capital city pop. (000) 986  
Currency Leone (SLL)  
UN membership date 27 September 1961  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 4929  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2578  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1651  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 20.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 809.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 448.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 322.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 735.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 453.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 324.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 13.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 30.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 10.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 4356.37 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4198.01 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2932.52 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -383  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -585  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -105  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 345 Index base 2003=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 239 Index base 2003=100. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 132 Index base 2003=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 169  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 149  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 169  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 149  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 93  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 3.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 3.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 3.4  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 6.5 2004. Population census. ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. December. 
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 68.5 2004. Population census. ISIC Rev.3. Population aged 10 and over. December. 
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 65.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 65.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 65.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 69.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 68.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 67.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 81 Arrivals by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 39 Arrivals by air.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 40 Arrivals by air.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 52 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 52  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 50  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 44.1 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 34.8 February 2011. Including multiple subscriptions by single individuals.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 14.3 2007. ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 1.7 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.8  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.3  
Urban population (%) 2014 39.6  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 41.2  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 4.5/4.2  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 98.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 45.6/45.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 116.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 16.6  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 96.4/1.6 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 2429  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 2.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 88.8/91.6  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 28.8 UNESCO estimate. 2002.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.9  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 12.4  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 156  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 37.2  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 3.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 60.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 13.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 898/0.2  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 11.0  
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United Nations Statistics Division
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