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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency Leone (SLL)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 72300  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 5979  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 82.7  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Freetown (941)  
United Nations membership date 27 September 1961  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 4337  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 2578  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 1651  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 32.5  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 4.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 725.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 448.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 322.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 751.9  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 453.2  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 324.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 21.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 30.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 10.9  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 4334.11 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 4198.01 Market rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 2932.52 Market rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -1102  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -585  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -105  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 313 Index base 2003=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 239 Index base 2003=100. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 132 Index base 2003=100.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 161  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 149  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 93  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 161  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 149  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 93  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 6.5 2004. Population census. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 10 years and over. December. 
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 68.5 2004. Population census. The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. Age group 10 years and over. December. 
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 65.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 65.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 65.5  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 68.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 68.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 67.0  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 60 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 39 Air arrivals.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 40 Air arrivals.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 11 UNSD estimate.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 36.1 ITU estimate.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 34.1 February 2011. Includes multiple subscriptions by single individuals.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 14.2 2007. ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 1.3 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 0.6 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 0.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 ...  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.0  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.5  
Urban population (%) 2013 40.0  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 41.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 4.5/4.3  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 98.6  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 45.6/45.1  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 116.7  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 4.8  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 8.2  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 96.4/1.6 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 4218  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 2.9  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 47.2/67.3 UNESCO estimate. 2001.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 28.8 UNESCO estimate. 2002.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 6.3/24.0 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 12.1  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 146  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 37.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 689/0.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 35.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 2946 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 23.8/29.9 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
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