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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 88361  
Population (est., 000) 9468 Including Kosovo.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 107.2 Including Kosovo.  
Capital city Belgrade  
Capital city pop. (000) 1181 Refers to Belgrade settlement.  
Currency Serbian Dinar (RSD)  
UN membership date 1 November 2000  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 45520  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 39460  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 26252  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 0.6  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.5  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 6313.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5411.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3528.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 6134.1  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 5291.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3489.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 17.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 18.6  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 20.1  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 83.13 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 79.28 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 72.22 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -2790  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2550  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -6890 2007.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 153 Index base 2006=100. 2011.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 137 Index base 2006=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 330  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 106 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 103 ISIC Rev.4 (BCD).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 105  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 ...  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 105  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 22.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 19.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 20.8  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 26.5 Average of semi-annual estimates. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 26.0 Average of semi-annual estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 27.6 ISIC Rev.3. October.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 21.0 Average of semi-annual estimates. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 22.2 Average of semi-annual estimates. Break in series.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 23.3 ISIC Rev.3. October.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 44.5  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 60.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 60.4  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 64.2  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 922 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 683 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 453 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 450 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 440  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 431  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 119.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 125.3 Including inactive prepaid subscriptions.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 67.0 Including inactive prepaid subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 51.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 40.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 26.3 ITU estimate.  
Exports (million US$) 2013 14610.8  
Imports (million US$) 2013 20551.0  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -5940.2  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Italy (16.3), Germany (11.9), Bosnia-Herzegovina (8.2)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 Italy (11.5), Germany (11.0), Russian Federation (9.3)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5 Including Kosovo.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.3 Including Kosovo.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.6 Including Kosovo.  
Urban population (%) 2014 55.5 Including Kosovo.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 16.0 Including Kosovo.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 23.8/19.3 Including Kosovo.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 95.6 Including Kosovo.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.8/71.2 Including Kosovo.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 10.9 Including Kosovo.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Including Kosovo.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 60.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 532.5/5.6 Including Kosovo.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 269836 Refugee population refers to the end of 2013.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 4.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 97.4/95.7 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 55.8  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 1.2  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 34.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 57  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 32.1  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 6.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 99.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 97.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 49185/5.1  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 63.0 Excluding Kosovo.  
Trade Profile
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