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Summary statistics
Region Southern Europe  
Currency Serbian Dinar (RSD)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 88361  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 9553 Includes Kosovo.  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 108.1  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Belgrade (1135)  
United Nations membership date 1 November 2000  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 38491  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 37076  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 25231  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 -1.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 1.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.4  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 5314.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5084.9  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3391.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 5196.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 4971.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 3354.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 17.9  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 17.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.0  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 85.45 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 80.40 UN operational exchange rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 ... UN operational exchange rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 -4002  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2550  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -6890 2007.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 153 Index base 2006=100. 2011.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 137 Index base 2006=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 330  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 98  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 97  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 83  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 ...  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 83  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 102  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 ...  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2012 23.9  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 19.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 13.6 2008.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 26.5 Average of semi-annual estimates.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 26.0 Average of semi-annual estimates. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 27.6 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. October.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 21.0 Average of semi-annual estimates.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 22.2 Average of semi-annual estimates. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 23.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. October.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 44.3 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 43.9 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 45.7 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 60.8 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 60.4 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 64.2 Refers to Serbia and Montenegro.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 810 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 683 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 453 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of accommodation establishments.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ... Excludes Kosovo.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 9543 Excludes Kosovo.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 9405 Excludes Kosovo.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 92.8 Break in comparability. Includes prepaid subscriptions used in the last 90 days only.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 122.1 Includes inactive prepaid subscriptions.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 67.9 Includes inactive prepaid subscriptions.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 48.1 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 40.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 26.3 Age group 16 to 74 years.  
Exports (million US$) 2012 11353.1  
Imports (million US$) 2012 19013.2  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -7660.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Germany (11.6), Italy (10.6), Bosnia-Herzegovina (9.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 Russian Federation (10.9), Germany (10.9), Italy (9.7)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5 Includes Kosovo.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.5 Includes Kosovo.  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.9 Includes Kosovo.  
Urban population (%) 2013 57.1 Includes Kosovo.  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 16.2 Includes Kosovo.  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 23.2/18.8 Includes Kosovo.  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 95.6 Includes Kosovo.  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 76.8/71.2 Includes Kosovo.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 10.9 Includes Kosovo.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.4 Includes Kosovo.  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 60.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 532.5/5.6 Includes Kosovo.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 293982 Includes Kosovo.  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 4.8  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 92.7/91.6 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 55.8  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.0/2.5  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 33.6  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 57  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 31.6  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 45925/4.7  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 1426.0 Excludes Kosovo.  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 683 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 7.8/16.7 Based on monthly averages for the period 1961-1990.  
Trade Profile
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