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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Southern Europe  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 88361  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 8813 Including Kosovo.  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 100.8 Including Kosovo.  
Capital city 2015 Belgrade  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 1182 Refers to Belgrade settlement.  
Currency 2015 Serbian Dinar (RSD)  
UN membership date 2013 1 November 2000  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 43866 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija.  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 39460 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija.  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 26252 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija.  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 -1.8 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija.  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 0.6 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija.  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 5.5 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 6154.8 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 5411.9 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija.  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 3528.1 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 9.7 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 10.2 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 12.0 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. Excludes irrigation canals and landscaping care.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 29.8 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 28.4 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 29.3 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. Excludes publishing activities, includes irrigation canals.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 60.5 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 61.4 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 58.7 Excluding Kosovo and Metohija. Excludes repair of personal and household goods. Includes publishing activities and landscaping care.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 21.3 Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 22.2 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 23.3 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 25.9 Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 26.0 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 27.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 52.9 Excluding the institutional population. Excluding some areas. 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 51.8 Break in the time series.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 49.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 18.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 19.2 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 20.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 43.4/60.2 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 42.6/59.1 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 44.9/63.9 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 ...  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 137 Break in the time series. Index base: 2006=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 330  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 105 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 ...  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 105 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 103  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 ...  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 96 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 97 Excluding water and waste management.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Excluding water and waste management.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 -2635  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -2692  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 ...  
Exports (million US$) 2015 13365.2  
Imports (million US$) 2015 18215.9  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -4850.7  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Italy (16.2), Germany (12.5), Bosnia-Herzegovina (8.8)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 Germany (12.4), Italy (10.6), Russian Federation (9.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.5 Including Kosovo.  
Urban population (%) 2015 55.6 Including Kosovo.  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 -0.3 Including Kosovo.  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 1.6 Including Kosovo.  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 77.5/71.8 Including Kosovo.  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 50 Including Kosovo.  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 807.4/9.1 Including Kosovo.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 1029 Arrivals of non-resident tourists in all types of tourism accommodation establishments.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 259722 Including Kosovo.  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 10 Including Kosovo.  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 10.4  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.4 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 101.4/100.9 Estimate.  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 95.4/93.3 Estimate.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 66.0/50.5 Estimate.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 1.3  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 34.0  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 122.1  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 53.5 Estimate.  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 30.0  
Threatened species 2015 56  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 31.1 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 44869/5.0  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 473 Excluding Kosovo.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 69.0 Excluding Kosovo.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 6.8  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 99.4/98.9  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 98.2/94.2  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 0.9  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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