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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Currency CFA Franc (XOF)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 196712 Surface area is based on the 2002 population and housing census.  
Population in 2012 (estimated, 000) 13726  
Population density in 2012 (per square kilometre) 69.8  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Dakar (3035)  
United Nations membership date 28 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2012 13962  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 12886  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8708  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2012 3.8  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.3  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2012 1017.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 995.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 772.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2012 1002.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 985.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 767.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2012 24.7  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.4  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2012 497.16 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2012 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -589  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -676  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2012 128 Dakar.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 122 Dakar. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 108 Dakar.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2012 110 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2010 104 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Industrial production index (2005=100) 2005 100 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 132  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 150  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2012 133  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 152  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 110  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 14.8 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2006. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2012 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 33.7 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev.3. 2006. Break in series; data not strictly comparable.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2012 65.9  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 65.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 64.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2012 88.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 87.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 87.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2012 1001 2011.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 900 Estimated data.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 769  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2012 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 17  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 13  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2012 87.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 67.1  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 15.9  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2012 19.2 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 16.0 Age group 12 years and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 4.8  
Exports (million US$) 2012 2531.7  
Imports (million US$) 2012 6434.2  
Balance (million US$) 2012 -3902.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2012 Mali (15.6), Switzerland (13.2), India (11.5)  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2012 France (14.7), Nigeria (11.8), India (6.6)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.3  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population (%) 2013 43.1  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2013 43.5  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2013 5.0/4.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2013 96.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.7/61.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 49.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2012 13.1  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 209.4/1.5 Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2013 16575  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 62.8/62.1 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 37.3 UNESCO estimate.  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 4.8/12.7 Estimates.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2014 43.3  
Environment
Threatened species 2013 103  
Forested area (% of land area) 2011 43.8  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2010 7053/0.6  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2010 141.0  
Precipitation in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 514  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 21.7/27.6  
Trade Profile
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