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Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 196712 Surface area is based on the 2002 population and housing census.  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 15590  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 81.0  
Capital city 2015 Dakar  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 3520  
Currency 2015 CFA Franc (XOF)  
UN membership date 2013 28 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 15658  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 12926  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8708  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 4.4  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 4.2  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 5.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 1067.2  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 997.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 772.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 15.3  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 17.5  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 16.8  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 24.3  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 23.4  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 23.6  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 60.4  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 59.2  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 59.6  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 46.1 Break in the time series. 2011.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 33.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2006.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 45.6 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2001.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 18.1 Break in the time series. 2011.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 14.8 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2006.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 12.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2001.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 22.4 Break in the time series. 2011.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 36.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2006.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 36.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 2. 2001.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 9.7 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 9.3 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 8.5 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 44.9/70.0 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 42.4/69.6 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 35.6/71.2 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 104 Index base: 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 99 Break in the time series. Index base: 2008=100.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 108 Dakar.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 126 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 151  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 126 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 152  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 110  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 103 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 104 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 ...  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -589  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -676 Break in the time series.  
Exports (million US$) 2015 2813.7 2014.  
Imports (million US$) 2015 6556.7 2014.  
Balance (million US$) 2015 -3743.0 2014.  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Mali (16.8), Switzerland (9.7), Bunkers (8.3) 2014. See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 France (16.4), Netherlands (8.2), Nigeria (8.0) 2014.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.1  
Urban population (%) 2015 43.7  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.2  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 67.6/63.9  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 88  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 263.2/1.7 Including refugees.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 836 Estimate.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 17260  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 44  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.7  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 84.3/77.5  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 38.3/41.9 2011. Estimate.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 7.9 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 42.7  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 98.8  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 17.7 Estimate.  
Threatened species 2015 106  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 43.4 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 8423/0.6  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 75  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 11.0  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 14.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 92.9/67.3  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 65.4/33.8  
Net Official Development Assistance received (% of GNI) 2014 7.2  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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