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Summary statistics
Region Western Africa  
Surface area (sq km) 196712 Surface area is based on the 2002 population and housing census.  
Population (est., 000) 14548  
Pop. density (per sq km) 74.0  
Capital city Dakar  
Capital city pop. (000) 3393  
Currency CFA Franc (XOF)  
UN membership date 28 September 1960  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 15152  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 12926  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 8708  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 2.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 4.2  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 1072.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 998.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 772.6  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 988.5  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 988.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 767.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 24.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 22.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 23.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 475.64 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 490.91 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 556.04 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 -1147 2011.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 -589  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 -676  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 129 Dakar.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 122 Dakar. Series linked to former series.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 108 Dakar.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 101 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 97 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 126  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 151  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 110  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 126  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 152  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 110  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 10.3  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 10.2  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 10.1  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 14.8 2006. ISIC Rev.3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 ...  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 33.7 2006. ISIC Rev.3.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 66.0  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 65.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 64.7  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 88.0  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 87.9  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 87.9  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 1063  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 900  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 769  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 52 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 49  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 47  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 92.9  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 64.4  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 15.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 20.9 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 16.0 Population aged 12 and over.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 4.8  
Exports (million US$) 2013 2665.9  
Imports (million US$) 2013 6659.4  
Balance (million US$) 2013 -3993.5  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Mali (15.9), Bunkers (9.9), Switzerland (8.8) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 France (15.4), Nigeria (10.6), Netherlands (8.4)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 3.6  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Urban population (%) 2014 43.4  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 43.4  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.0/4.0  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 96.4  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 64.7/61.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 49.3  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 5.0  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 17.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 209.4/1.5 Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 17085  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 62.8/62.1 National estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 37.3 UNESCO estimate.  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 2.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 42.7  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 107  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 43.6  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 14.5  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 74.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 52.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 7858/0.6  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 10.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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