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Map
Saudi Arabia
Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Currency Saudi Riyal (SAR)  
Surface area (square kilometres) 2004965  
Population in 2011 (estimated, 000) 28083  
Population density in 2011 (per square kilometre) 14.0  
Capital city and population in 2011 (000) Riyadh (5451)  
United Nations membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2011 597086  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 455922  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 315583  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2011 7.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 5.1  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 5.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2011 21262.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 16610.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 13127.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2011 20909.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 16680.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 13145.0  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2011 19.1  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 21.8  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 16.5  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2011 3.75 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 3.75 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.75 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2011 158494  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 66751  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 90061  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2011 133 All cities.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 127 All cities.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 98 All cities.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2011 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 109  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.4 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2009.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.3 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2006.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2011 ... The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.1 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2009.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.0 The indices are shown in terms of ISIC Rev. 3. 2006.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2011 17.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 17.4  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 17.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2011 74.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 74.2  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2011 17498  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 10850  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 8037  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2011 ...  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2010 533208 2009.  
Energy production, primary (000 mt oil equivalent) 2005 584410  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 207.7  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 203.0  
Telephone subscribers, total (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 74.9  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2011 47.5  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 41.0  
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 12.7  
Exports (million US$) 2011 364697.7  
Imports (million US$) 2011 131586.6  
Balance (million US$) 2011 233111.1  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2011 ...  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2011 China (13.1), United States (12.4), Germany (6.8) For more information, refer to the technical notes.  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.4  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.0  
Urban population (%) 2012 82.5  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2012 29.8  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2012 5.2/4.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2012 122.7  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 75.6/73.2  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 16.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.6  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2006-2010 23.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2010 7288.9/27.8 Data refer to foreign citizens. Includes refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR end-2011 70679  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-2012 5.6  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2006-2012 101.8/104.8  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2006-2012 52.4  
Intentional homicides (females and males, per 100 000) 2008-2010 1.7/3.5 Estimates based, for the most part, on cause of death modelling and death registration data from other countries in the region.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2012 0.0  
Environment
Threatened species 2012 109  
Forested area (% of land area) 2010 <  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 432418/16.1  
Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 6046.0  
Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 111  
Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 17.7/33.3  
Trade Profile
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