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Countries and areas

Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil British Virgin Islands Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Channel Islands Chile China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Faeroe Islands Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Republic of Korea Republic of Moldova Réunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Helena Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Tajikistan Thailand The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America United States Virgin Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
Summary statistics
Region 2015 Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2014 2206714  
Population (proj., 000) 2016 32158  
Pop. density (per sq km) 2016 15.0  
Capital city 2015 Riyadh  
Capital city pop. (000) 2015 6370  
Currency 2015 Saudi Riyal (SAR)  
UN membership date 2013 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2014 752460  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 526811  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 328461  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2014 3.6  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2010 4.8  
GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2005 prices) 2005 5.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2014 24362.1  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 18754.0  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 13273.7  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2014 1.9  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2010 2.4  
Economy: Agriculture (% of GVA) 2005 3.2  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2014 57.5  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2010 58.4  
Economy: Industry (% of GVA) 2005 61.8  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2014 40.6  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2010 39.2  
Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA) 2005 35.0  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2014 4.9 2013.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2010 4.1 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2009.  
Employment: Agriculture (% of employed) 2005 4.7 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2002.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2014 24.2 2013.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2010 20.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2009.  
Employment: Industry (% of employed) 2005 21.0 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2002.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2014 70.9 2013.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2010 75.5 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2009.  
Employment: Services and other (% of employed) 2005 74.4 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3. 2002.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2014 5.9 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.6 Estimate.  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2014 20.0/78.9 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2010 18.3/75.8 Estimate.  
Labour force participation (female/male pop. %) 2005 17.5/75.4 Estimate.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2014 139 All cities.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 130 All cities.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 All cities.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 107 2013.  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2014 108 2013.  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2014 135 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2010 112 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Index of industrial production (2005=100) 2005 100 Data classified according to ISIC Rev. 3.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2014 73758  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 66751  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 90060 Break in the time series.  
Exports (million US$) 2015 201491.8  
Imports (million US$) 2015 163821.0  
Balance (million US$) 2015 37670.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2015 Asia nes (48.1), N & C Ame nes (10.5), Europe nes (9.5) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2015 China (14.6), United States (13.4), Germany (7.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.3  
Urban population (%) 2015 83.1  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.9  
Life expectancy at birth (females/males, years) 2010-2015 75.5/72.8  
Total dependency ratio (Pop. aged 0-14 & 65+ per 100 pop. 15-64) 2015 46  
International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.) mid-2015 10185.9/32.3 Including refugees. Refers to foreign citizens.  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2014 18259  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2015 70304  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 15  
Health: Total expenditure (% of GDP) 2014 4.7 Data revision.  
Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.) 2013 2.5 2012.  
Education: Primary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 108.3/109.2  
Education: Secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 93.8/122.6 Estimate.  
Education: Tertiary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100 pop.) 2014 59.9/62.4  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.) 2014 6.2 2012.  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2016 19.9  
Environment
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2014 179.6  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2014 63.7  
Patents: Resident filings (per million pop.) 2014 32.0  
Threatened species 2015 119  
Forested area (% of land area) 2013 0.5 Estimate.  
CO2 emission estimates (000 tons/tons per capita) 2013 541429/17.9  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 25573 The data for crude oil production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2013 264.0 The data for crude oil production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Terrestrial and marine areas protected (% of total area) 2014 28.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (urban/rural, %) 2015 97.0/97.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (urban/rural, %) 2015 100.0/100.0  
Trade Profile
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United Nations Statistics Division
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