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Summary statistics
Region Western Asia  
Surface area (sq km) 2206714  
Population (est., 000) 29369  
Pop. density (per sq km) 13.7  
Capital city Riyadh  
Capital city pop. (000) 6195  
Currency Saudi Riyal (SAR)  
UN membership date 24 October 1945  
Economic indicators
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2013 748450  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2010 526811  
GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$) 2005 328461  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2013 4.0  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2010 7.4  
GDP: Growth rate at constant 2005 prices (annual %) 2005 7.3  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2013 25961.8  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2010 19326.6  
GDP per capita (current US$) 2005 13303.4  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2013 25961.8  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2010 19585.0  
GNI: Gross national income per capita (current US$) 2005 13413.3  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2013 23.2  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2010 24.5  
Gross fixed capital formation (% of GDP) 2005 19.3  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2013 3.75 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2010 3.75 Official rate.  
Exchange rates (national currency per US$) 2005 3.74 Official rate.  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2013 132640  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2010 66751  
Balance of payments, current account (million US$) 2005 90060  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2013 135 Series linked to former series. All cities.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2010 130 All cities.  
CPI: Consumer price index (2000=100) 2005 100 All cities.  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2013 119 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2010 100 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Index of industrial production (2010=100) 2005 89 ISIC Rev.3 (CDE).  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 107  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2013 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2010 108  
Food production index (2004-2006=100) 2005 100  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2013 5.7  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2010 5.4  
Unemployment (% of labour force) 2005 5.9  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2013 24.7 ISIC Rev.3. 2012.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2010 20.4 ISIC Rev.3. 2009.  
Employment in industrial sector (% of employed) 2005 20.3 ISIC Rev.3. 2006.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2013 4.7 ISIC Rev.3. 2012.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2010 4.1 ISIC Rev.3. 2009.  
Employment in agricultural sector (% of employed) 2005 4.0 ISIC Rev.3. 2006.  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2013 20.2  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2010 17.7  
Labour force participation, adult female pop. (%) 2005 17.6  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2013 78.3  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2010 75.1  
Labour force participation, adult male pop. (%) 2005 74.1  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2013 13380  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2010 10850  
Tourist arrivals at national borders (000) 2005 8037  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2013 26010 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone. 2012.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2010 22115 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Energy production, primary (Petajoules) 2005 24162 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2013 176.5  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2010 189.2  
Mobile-cellular subscriptions (per 100 inhabitants) 2005 57.4  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2013 60.5 ITU estimate.  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2010 41.0  
Individuals using the Internet (%) 2005 12.7  
Exports (million US$) 2013 375396.6  
Imports (million US$) 2013 163712.8  
Balance (million US$) 2013 211683.8  
Major trading partners (% of exports) 2013 Asia nes (53.3), N & C Ame nes (14.4), Europe nes (10.1) See technical notes.  
Major trading partners (% of imports) 2013 United States (13.2), China (12.8), Germany (7.2)  
Social indicators
Population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 1.9  
Urban population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 2.1  
Rural population growth rate (average annual %) 2010-2015 0.7  
Urban population (%) 2014 82.9  
Population aged 0-14 years (%) 2014 28.6  
Population aged 60+ years (females and males, % of total) 2014 5.8/4.7  
Sex ratio (males per 100 females) 2014 137.3  
Life expectancy at birth (females and males, years) 2010-2015 77.5/73.8  
Infant mortality rate (per 1 000 live births) 2010-2015 11.2  
Fertility rate, total (live births per woman) 2010-2015 2.7  
Contraceptive prevalence (ages 15-49, %) 2007-2013 23.8  
International migrant stock (000 and % of total population) mid-2013 9060.4/31.4 Refers to foreign citizens. Including refugees.  
Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR mid-2014 70664  
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2007-2013 5.1  
Education: Primary-secondary gross enrolment ratio (f/m per 100) 2007-2013 111.9/109.9 UNESCO estimate.  
Education: Female third-level students (% of total) 2007-2013 47.9  
Intentional homicide rate (per 100,000 population) 2008-2012 0.8  
Seats held by women in national parliaments (%) 2015 19.9  
Environment
Threatened species 2014 116  
Forested area (% of land area) 2012 <  
Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected (%) 2014 28.2  
Population using improved drinking water sources (%) 2012 97.0  
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) 2012 100.0  
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2011 520278/18.7  
Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules) 2012 294.0 Data for crude petroleum production include 50 per cent of the output of the Neutral Zone.  
Trade Profile
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